It is currently 27 Sep 2020, 01:17

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Whether the languages of the ancient American peoples were u

Author Message
TAGS:
Founder
Joined: 18 Apr 2015
Posts: 13367
Followers: 290

Kudos [?]: 3398 [1] , given: 12223

Whether the languages of the ancient American peoples were u [#permalink]  11 Feb 2020, 10:40
1
KUDOS
Expert's post
00:00

Question Stats:

74% (03:58) correct 24% (04:05) wrong based on 28 sessions
Whether the languages of the ancient American peoples were used for expressing abstract universal concepts can be clearly answered in the case of Nahuatl. Nahuatl, like Greek and German, is a language that allows the formation of extensive compounds. By the combination of radicals or semantic elements, single compound words can express complex conceptual relations, often of an abstract universal character.

The tlamatinime ("those who know') were able to use this rich stock of abstract terms to express the nuances of their thought. They also availed themselves of other forms of expression with metaphorical meaning, some probably original, some derived from Toltec coinages. Of these forms the most characteristic in Nahuatl is the juxtaposition of two words that, because they are synonyms, associated terms, or even contraries, complement each other to evoke one single idea. Used as metaphor, the juxtaposed terms connote specific or essential traits of the being they refer to, introducing a mode of poetry as an almost habitual form of expression.
17. A main purpose of the passage is to

(A) delineate the function of the tlamatinime in Nahuatl society
(B) explain the abstract philosophy of the Nahuatl thinkers
(C) argue against a theory of poetic expression by citing evidence about the Nahuatl
(D) explore the rich metaphorical heritage the Nahuatl received from the Toltecs
(E) describe some conceptual and aesthetic resources of the Nahuatl language

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
E

18. According to the passage, some abstract universal ideas can be expressed in Nahuatl by

(A) taking away from a word any reference to particular instances
(B) removing a word from its associations with other words
(C) giving a word a new and opposite meaning
(D) putting various meaningful elements together in one word
(E) turning each word of a phrase into a poetic metaphor

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
D

19. It can be inferred solely from the information in the passage that

(A) there are many languages that, like Greek or German, allow extensive compounding
(B) all abstract universal ideas are ideas of complex relations
(C) some record or evidence of the thought of the tlamatinime exists
(D) metaphors are always used in Nahuatl to express abstract conceptual relationships
(E) the abstract terms of the Nahuatl language are habitual1y used in poetry

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
C

Disclaimer: the updated version of this passage is located here
_________________

Need Practice? 20 Free GRE Quant Tests available for free with 20 Kudos
GRE Prep Club Members of the Month: Each member of the month will get three months free access of GRE Prep Club tests.

Founder
Joined: 18 Apr 2015
Posts: 13367
Followers: 290

Kudos [?]: 3398 [0], given: 12223

Re: Whether the languages of the ancient American peoples were u [#permalink]  20 Apr 2020, 12:19
Expert's post

+1 kudos to all the posts containing proper explanations

_________________

Need Practice? 20 Free GRE Quant Tests available for free with 20 Kudos
GRE Prep Club Members of the Month: Each member of the month will get three months free access of GRE Prep Club tests.

Moderator
Joined: 03 Dec 2019
Posts: 343
Followers: 7

Kudos [?]: 358 [2] , given: 52

Re: Whether the languages of the ancient American peoples were u [#permalink]  21 Apr 2020, 13:07
2
KUDOS
17. A main purpose of the passage is to

When dealing with the overall idea or main purpose of the passage question, I always look for the author's attitude toward the content. What is the main topic of discussion, overall tone, and the direction where the content is taking us.

In this passage, the author started out with introducing an ancient language. Afterwards, the author discussed some abstract concepts related to the language. The author discussed how the language was used by tlamatinime , in which he pointed out the use of the language in metaphorical sense and juxtaposition of two words to convey one single idea. Therefore, the answer that matches with this exposition is E.

18. According to the passage, some abstract universal ideas can be expressed in Nahuatl by

It is clear from the first paragraph that one of the uses of the language is by using two words to convey one single abstract thought. None of the the other answer choices were mentioned in the passage.

19. It can be inferred solely from the information in the passage that

The tlamatinime ("those who know') were able to use this rich stock of abstract terms to express the nuances of their thought.

Since it is now known that the tlamatinime were able to use the abstract terms, then it must have been established based on some evidence that led to this conclusion. Therefore, C can be inferred. A can not be inferred as only Greek and German were mentioned. Other options can be eliminated because of the use of extreme words: "always" and "habitually".
_________________

Thanks and Regards,

theBrahmaTiger

If you found this post useful, please let me know by pressing the Kudos Button

Rules for Posting

Got 20 Kudos? You can get Free GRE Prep Club Tests

GRE Prep Club Members of the Month:TOP 10 members of the month with highest kudos receive access to 3 months GRE Prep Club tests

Manager
Joined: 01 Jan 2020
Posts: 114
Concentration: Marketing
Schools: Copenhagen Business School - Class of 2022
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 59 [1] , given: 46

Re: Whether the languages of the ancient American peoples were u [#permalink]  25 Apr 2020, 11:13
1
KUDOS
theBrahmaTiger wrote:
17. A main purpose of the passage is to

When dealing with the overall idea or main purpose of the passage question, I always look for the author's attitude toward the content. What is the main topic of discussion, overall tone, and the direction where the content is taking us.

In this passage, the author started out with introducing an ancient language. Afterwards, the author discussed some abstract concepts related to the language. The author discussed how the language was used by tlamatinime , in which he pointed out the use of the language in metaphorical sense and juxtaposition of two words to convey one single idea. Therefore, the answer that matches with this exposition is E.

18. According to the passage, some abstract universal ideas can be expressed in Nahuatl by

It is clear from the first paragraph that one of the uses of the language is by using two words to convey one single abstract thought. None of the the other answer choices were mentioned in the passage.

19. It can be inferred solely from the information in the passage that

The tlamatinime ("those who know') were able to use this rich stock of abstract terms to express the nuances of their thought.

Since it is now known that the tlamatinime were able to use the abstract terms, then it must have been established based on some evidence that led to this conclusion. Therefore, C can be inferred. A can not be inferred as only Greek and German were mentioned. Other options can be eliminated because of the use of extreme words: "always" and "habitually".

Hej,

I would have just one question pertaining to 17q

So would we assume that the aesthetic resources (which is mentioned in the answer choice) is the juxtaposition of the two words?

For me it is sort of hard to think about it in such a way since, it doesn't really feel like it is a aesthetic resources, perhaps my reasoning is wrong.
Moderator
Joined: 03 Dec 2019
Posts: 343
Followers: 7

Kudos [?]: 358 [1] , given: 52

Re: Whether the languages of the ancient American peoples were u [#permalink]  25 Apr 2020, 11:18
1
KUDOS
bubidag wrote:
theBrahmaTiger wrote:
17. A main purpose of the passage is to

When dealing with the overall idea or main purpose of the passage question, I always look for the author's attitude toward the content. What is the main topic of discussion, overall tone, and the direction where the content is taking us.

In this passage, the author started out with introducing an ancient language. Afterwards, the author discussed some abstract concepts related to the language. The author discussed how the language was used by tlamatinime , in which he pointed out the use of the language in metaphorical sense and juxtaposition of two words to convey one single idea. Therefore, the answer that matches with this exposition is E.

18. According to the passage, some abstract universal ideas can be expressed in Nahuatl by

It is clear from the first paragraph that one of the uses of the language is by using two words to convey one single abstract thought. None of the the other answer choices were mentioned in the passage.

19. It can be inferred solely from the information in the passage that

The tlamatinime ("those who know') were able to use this rich stock of abstract terms to express the nuances of their thought.

Since it is now known that the tlamatinime were able to use the abstract terms, then it must have been established based on some evidence that led to this conclusion. Therefore, C can be inferred. A can not be inferred as only Greek and German were mentioned. Other options can be eliminated because of the use of extreme words: "always" and "habitually".

Hej,

I would have just one question pertaining to 17q

So would we assume that the aesthetic resources (which is mentioned in the answer choice) is the juxtaposition of the two words?

For me it is sort of hard to think about it in such a way since, it doesn't really feel like it is a aesthetic resources, perhaps my reasoning is wrong.

Yes, the last line of the passage corroborates this assumption.

Used as metaphor, the juxtaposed terms connote specific or essential traits of the being they refer to, introducing a mode of poetry as an almost habitual form of expression.

It tells us that juxtaposed terms add flavor or color into the language and that can be used in poetry. Aesthetic means the expressions that add beauty or color into the language.

Hope that makes sense.
_________________

Thanks and Regards,

theBrahmaTiger

If you found this post useful, please let me know by pressing the Kudos Button

Rules for Posting

Got 20 Kudos? You can get Free GRE Prep Club Tests

GRE Prep Club Members of the Month:TOP 10 members of the month with highest kudos receive access to 3 months GRE Prep Club tests

Manager
Joined: 01 Jan 2020
Posts: 114
Concentration: Marketing
Schools: Copenhagen Business School - Class of 2022
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 59 [2] , given: 46

Re: Whether the languages of the ancient American peoples were u [#permalink]  25 Apr 2020, 11:34
2
KUDOS
Makes more sense.

Rather difficult to understand the sentence.

Posted from my mobile device
Re: Whether the languages of the ancient American peoples were u   [#permalink] 25 Apr 2020, 11:34
Display posts from previous: Sort by