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Whether the languages of the ancient American peoples were u

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Whether the languages of the ancient American peoples were u [#permalink] New post 11 Feb 2020, 10:40
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74% (03:58) correct 24% (04:05) wrong based on 28 sessions
Whether the languages of the ancient American peoples were used for expressing abstract universal concepts can be clearly answered in the case of Nahuatl. Nahuatl, like Greek and German, is a language that allows the formation of extensive compounds. By the combination of radicals or semantic elements, single compound words can express complex conceptual relations, often of an abstract universal character.

The tlamatinime ("those who know') were able to use this rich stock of abstract terms to express the nuances of their thought. They also availed themselves of other forms of expression with metaphorical meaning, some probably original, some derived from Toltec coinages. Of these forms the most characteristic in Nahuatl is the juxtaposition of two words that, because they are synonyms, associated terms, or even contraries, complement each other to evoke one single idea. Used as metaphor, the juxtaposed terms connote specific or essential traits of the being they refer to, introducing a mode of poetry as an almost habitual form of expression.
17. A main purpose of the passage is to

(A) delineate the function of the tlamatinime in Nahuatl society
(B) explain the abstract philosophy of the Nahuatl thinkers
(C) argue against a theory of poetic expression by citing evidence about the Nahuatl
(D) explore the rich metaphorical heritage the Nahuatl received from the Toltecs
(E) describe some conceptual and aesthetic resources of the Nahuatl language

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
E


18. According to the passage, some abstract universal ideas can be expressed in Nahuatl by

(A) taking away from a word any reference to particular instances
(B) removing a word from its associations with other words
(C) giving a word a new and opposite meaning
(D) putting various meaningful elements together in one word
(E) turning each word of a phrase into a poetic metaphor

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
D


19. It can be inferred solely from the information in the passage that

(A) there are many languages that, like Greek or German, allow extensive compounding
(B) all abstract universal ideas are ideas of complex relations
(C) some record or evidence of the thought of the tlamatinime exists
(D) metaphors are always used in Nahuatl to express abstract conceptual relationships
(E) the abstract terms of the Nahuatl language are habitual1y used in poetry

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
C



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Re: Whether the languages of the ancient American peoples were u [#permalink] New post 20 Apr 2020, 12:19
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Re: Whether the languages of the ancient American peoples were u [#permalink] New post 21 Apr 2020, 13:07
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17. A main purpose of the passage is to

When dealing with the overall idea or main purpose of the passage question, I always look for the author's attitude toward the content. What is the main topic of discussion, overall tone, and the direction where the content is taking us.

In this passage, the author started out with introducing an ancient language. Afterwards, the author discussed some abstract concepts related to the language. The author discussed how the language was used by tlamatinime , in which he pointed out the use of the language in metaphorical sense and juxtaposition of two words to convey one single idea. Therefore, the answer that matches with this exposition is E.


18. According to the passage, some abstract universal ideas can be expressed in Nahuatl by


It is clear from the first paragraph that one of the uses of the language is by using two words to convey one single abstract thought. None of the the other answer choices were mentioned in the passage.

19. It can be inferred solely from the information in the passage that

The tlamatinime ("those who know') were able to use this rich stock of abstract terms to express the nuances of their thought.


Since it is now known that the tlamatinime were able to use the abstract terms, then it must have been established based on some evidence that led to this conclusion. Therefore, C can be inferred. A can not be inferred as only Greek and German were mentioned. Other options can be eliminated because of the use of extreme words: "always" and "habitually".
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Re: Whether the languages of the ancient American peoples were u [#permalink] New post 25 Apr 2020, 11:13
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theBrahmaTiger wrote:
17. A main purpose of the passage is to

When dealing with the overall idea or main purpose of the passage question, I always look for the author's attitude toward the content. What is the main topic of discussion, overall tone, and the direction where the content is taking us.

In this passage, the author started out with introducing an ancient language. Afterwards, the author discussed some abstract concepts related to the language. The author discussed how the language was used by tlamatinime , in which he pointed out the use of the language in metaphorical sense and juxtaposition of two words to convey one single idea. Therefore, the answer that matches with this exposition is E.


18. According to the passage, some abstract universal ideas can be expressed in Nahuatl by


It is clear from the first paragraph that one of the uses of the language is by using two words to convey one single abstract thought. None of the the other answer choices were mentioned in the passage.

19. It can be inferred solely from the information in the passage that

The tlamatinime ("those who know') were able to use this rich stock of abstract terms to express the nuances of their thought.


Since it is now known that the tlamatinime were able to use the abstract terms, then it must have been established based on some evidence that led to this conclusion. Therefore, C can be inferred. A can not be inferred as only Greek and German were mentioned. Other options can be eliminated because of the use of extreme words: "always" and "habitually".




Hej,

I would have just one question pertaining to 17q

So would we assume that the aesthetic resources (which is mentioned in the answer choice) is the juxtaposition of the two words?

For me it is sort of hard to think about it in such a way since, it doesn't really feel like it is a aesthetic resources, perhaps my reasoning is wrong.
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Re: Whether the languages of the ancient American peoples were u [#permalink] New post 25 Apr 2020, 11:18
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bubidag wrote:
theBrahmaTiger wrote:
17. A main purpose of the passage is to

When dealing with the overall idea or main purpose of the passage question, I always look for the author's attitude toward the content. What is the main topic of discussion, overall tone, and the direction where the content is taking us.

In this passage, the author started out with introducing an ancient language. Afterwards, the author discussed some abstract concepts related to the language. The author discussed how the language was used by tlamatinime , in which he pointed out the use of the language in metaphorical sense and juxtaposition of two words to convey one single idea. Therefore, the answer that matches with this exposition is E.


18. According to the passage, some abstract universal ideas can be expressed in Nahuatl by


It is clear from the first paragraph that one of the uses of the language is by using two words to convey one single abstract thought. None of the the other answer choices were mentioned in the passage.

19. It can be inferred solely from the information in the passage that

The tlamatinime ("those who know') were able to use this rich stock of abstract terms to express the nuances of their thought.


Since it is now known that the tlamatinime were able to use the abstract terms, then it must have been established based on some evidence that led to this conclusion. Therefore, C can be inferred. A can not be inferred as only Greek and German were mentioned. Other options can be eliminated because of the use of extreme words: "always" and "habitually".




Hej,

I would have just one question pertaining to 17q

So would we assume that the aesthetic resources (which is mentioned in the answer choice) is the juxtaposition of the two words?

For me it is sort of hard to think about it in such a way since, it doesn't really feel like it is a aesthetic resources, perhaps my reasoning is wrong.



Yes, the last line of the passage corroborates this assumption.

Used as metaphor, the juxtaposed terms connote specific or essential traits of the being they refer to, introducing a mode of poetry as an almost habitual form of expression.

It tells us that juxtaposed terms add flavor or color into the language and that can be used in poetry. Aesthetic means the expressions that add beauty or color into the language.

Hope that makes sense.
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Re: Whether the languages of the ancient American peoples were u [#permalink] New post 25 Apr 2020, 11:34
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Makes more sense.

Rather difficult to understand the sentence.

Thank you for your help.

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Re: Whether the languages of the ancient American peoples were u   [#permalink] 25 Apr 2020, 11:34
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