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United States and the Soviet Union in terms of crop yields

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GMAT Club Legend
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Joined: 07 Jun 2014
Posts: 4749
GRE 1: Q167 V156
WE: Business Development (Energy and Utilities)
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United States and the Soviet Union in terms of crop yields [#permalink] New post 11 Feb 2016, 06:52
Expert's post
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Question Stats:

21% (02:48) correct 78% (02:05) wrong based on 32 sessions
A ten-year comparison between the United States and the Soviet Union in terms of crop yields per acre revealed that when only planted acreage is compared, Soviet yields were equal to 68 percent of United States yields. When total agricultural acreage (planted acreage plus fallow acreage) is compared, however, Soviet yield was 114 percent of United States yield.

From the information above, which of the following can be most reliably inferred about United States and Soviet agriculture during the ten-year period?

A A higher percentage of total agricultural acreage was fallow in the United States than in the Soviet Union.
B The United States had more fallow acreage than planted acreage.
C Fewer total acres of available agricultural land were fallow in the Soviet Union than in the United States.
D The Soviet Union had more planted acreage than fallow acreage.
E The Soviet Union produced a greater volume of crops than the United States produced.

Practice Questions
Question: 2
Page: 71
Difficulty: hard
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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GMAT Club Legend
GMAT Club Legend
User avatar
Joined: 07 Jun 2014
Posts: 4749
GRE 1: Q167 V156
WE: Business Development (Energy and Utilities)
Followers: 93

Kudos [?]: 1650 [0], given: 396

CAT Tests
Re: United States and the Soviet Union in terms of crop yields [#permalink] New post 11 Feb 2016, 06:54
Expert's post

Explanation



If crop yield per planted acre was less in the Soviet Union than it was in the United States, yet crop yield per total (planted plus fallow) agricultural acreage was greater in the Soviet Union than it was in the United States, the percentage of the total acreage that was left fallow must have been lower in the Soviet Union than in the United States.

Therefore, Choice A is the correct answer. Since the information provided in the paragraph is given in terms of yield per acre, no conclusion can be drawn about actual acreage, so Choices B, C, and D are all incorrect. Similarly, it is impossible to determine the total volume of crops produced in the Soviet Union, so Choice E is incorrect.
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Re: United States and the Soviet Union in terms of crop yields [#permalink] New post 03 Mar 2018, 01:09
Can anyone give the reason why A is correct . i feel very difficult to comprehend the exp
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Re: United States and the Soviet Union in terms of crop yields [#permalink] New post 03 Mar 2018, 03:59
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when only planted acreage is compared

S < US

When total agricultural acreage

S > US

We care only of percentage of total agricultural acreage

if you read the other answer choice they talk about planted acreage or volume of the acreage NOT percentage.

You should read very carefully.

A is the best choice.
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Re: United States and the Soviet Union in terms of crop yields   [#permalink] 03 Mar 2018, 03:59
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