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U.S. PHYSICIANS IN SELECTED SPECIALTIES BY GENDER, 1986

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U.S. PHYSICIANS IN SELECTED SPECIALTIES BY GENDER, 1986 [#permalink] New post 14 Oct 2017, 15:20
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Question Stats:

45% (03:51) correct 54% (04:05) wrong based on 11 sessions


Attachment:
#GREpracticequestion Which of the following physician specialties had the lowest ratio of males to females in 1986.jpg
#GREpracticequestion Which of the following physician specialties had the lowest ratio of males to females in 1986.jpg [ 62.5 KiB | Viewed 152 times ]
Attachment:
#GREpracticequestion If the number of female general surgery physicians in the  under-35 category.jpg
#GREpracticequestion If the number of female general surgery physicians in the under-35 category.jpg [ 35.56 KiB | Viewed 150 times ]
Which of the following physician specialties had the lowest ratio of males to females in 1986?

A. Family practice

B. General surgery

C. Obstetrics/Gynecology

D. Pediatrics

E. Psychiatry

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
D


If the number of female general surgery physicians in the under-35 category represented 3.5 percent of all the general surgery physicians, approximately how many male general surgery physicians were under 35 years?

A. 9,200

B. 9,800

C. 10,750

D. 11,260

E. 11,980

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
B


Approximately what percent of all general practice physicians in 1986 were male?

A. 23%

B. 50%

C. 75%

D. 82%

E. 90%

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
E

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: U.S. PHYSICIANS IN SELECTED SPECIALTIES BY GENDER, 1986 [#permalink] New post 10 Feb 2018, 21:39
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Ans1. No need to calculate simply looking at the graph gives us our ans. The lowest difference between white bar and grey bar is the ans. For understanding grey bar should be as close to white bar or more to get the lowest ratio of male(white bar) to female(grey bar). As we are dividing male by female. Only option D pediatrics come close.

Ans 2. Estimate the number of general surgery physicians by looking at the graph. Male = 35,000; female = 2000; total = 37000
calculate 3.5% * 37000 = 1295. This is the total number of females under 35 yrs category
Total number of general surgery physicians under 35 category = 30% * 37000 = 11100
If total number of females in the 35 under category = \(1295\) than total males in this category is:
\(11100-1295 = 9805\). Option B is the closest

Ans 3. From the graph white bar for general practice is approximately at 23000
Grey bar is approximately at 2000 so total would be 25000
male ratio to total would be \(\frac{23000}{25000}* 100 = 92%\)
approximately E is the closest
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Re: U.S. PHYSICIANS IN SELECTED SPECIALTIES BY GENDER, 1986 [#permalink] New post 23 Feb 2018, 00:48
This seems like a ridiculously difficult question to be honest. Maybe not difficult but would be very time consuming for someone as slow as me.
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Re: U.S. PHYSICIANS IN SELECTED SPECIALTIES BY GENDER, 1986 [#permalink] New post 23 Feb 2018, 02:33
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Notoriously, MGRE has questions more difficult than real GRE.
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Re: U.S. PHYSICIANS IN SELECTED SPECIALTIES BY GENDER, 1986 [#permalink] New post 14 Dec 2018, 12:47
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For question 2, I found the reasoning in the answer above to be very hard to follow. So I am writing my explanation to help other people who may struggle such as me.

First, be very careful with the particular wording that they are using. They are saying "the number of female general surgery physicians in the under-35 category represented 3.5 percent of all the general surgery physician." The way that is represented is as follows:
x / 37000 = .035
x = 1295 women

Now, let's find the number of general surgery physicians under 35. The way we do that is we take a look at the bottom and second graph concurrently.
The total number of general surgery physicians from the top graph is 37,000. Now using the bottom graph, we have that 30% of them are under 35.
We use .3(37,000) = 11,000

Next, let's find the number of general surgery physicians under 35,
# of general surgery physicians under 35 = .3(37,000) = 11,000

Now, note that
# of general surgery physicians under 35 = # of general surgery physicians under 35 that are male + # of general surgery physicians under 35 that are female
11,000 = # males + 1295
So #male that are general surgery physicians under 35 = 9805
Re: U.S. PHYSICIANS IN SELECTED SPECIALTIES BY GENDER, 1986   [#permalink] 14 Dec 2018, 12:47
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