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TRICKY! There are n teams playing in a basketball tournam [#permalink]
05 Oct 2018, 08:32

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Question Stats:

25% (00:40) correct
75% (02:17) wrong based on 16 sessions

Several teams are competing in a basketball tournament, and each team plays every other team once. Each game has exactly 1 winner and 1 loser (no ties). If 4 teams lost exactly 5 games, 5 teams won exactly 3 games, and each of the remaining teams won all of its games, what is the total number of games played during the tournament?

Brent Hanneson – Creator of greenlighttestprep.com If you enjoy my solutions, you'll like my GRE prep course. Sign up for GRE Question of the Dayemails

Re: TRICKY! There are n teams playing in a basketball tournam [#permalink]
05 Oct 2018, 22:03

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This post received KUDOS

GreenlightTestPrep wrote:

Several teams are competing in a basketball tournament, and each team plays every other team once. Each game has exactly 1 winner and 1 loser (no ties). If 4 teams lost exactly 5 games, 5 teams won exactly 3 games, and each of the remaining teams won all of its games, what is the total number of games played during the tournament?

A) 36 B) 45 C) 55 D) 66 E) 78

Let the Total number of teams be = N

1st case: 4 teams lost exactly 5 games

So the no. of games Lost = \(4 * 5 = 20\)

and the no. of game won = \(4* ([N- 1] - 5) = 4 * ( N -6)\) (Here remaining team = N-1)

Case 2:: 5 teams won exactly 3 games

So the no. of games Lost = \(5 *([N-1] - 3)= 5 * ( N - 4)\)

and the no. of games won = \(5 * 3 = 15\)

Case 3 : each of the remaining teams won all of its games

So the no. of games won = \(N * (N-1)(N - 9)\)

There are no matches lost for the remaining teams.

Therefore,

\(20 + 5 * ( N - 4) = 4 * ( N -6) + 15 + N * (N-1)(N - 9)\)

or \(5N = N^2 - 6N\)

or N^2 - 11N =0

so N cannot be = 0 , so N = 11

Therefore the total no. of teams =\(\frac{{N(N-1)}}{2} = \frac{{11 * 10}}{2} = 55\)
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Re: TRICKY! There are n teams playing in a basketball tournam [#permalink]
06 Oct 2018, 01:52

I’m no expert , this method I feel is not optimised

Trick lies in the statement exactly 1 win or loss.

Therefore , no of losses = no of wins ..............(1)

*n(n - 1)/2 = no of matches played , solving options we get C equals 110 , therefore each team will play a total of 10 matches

Since it is given that 4 teams lost exactly 5 games , thus, we have (4*5) 20 losses and to compensate these losses we have 20 wins

Similarly, 5 teams won exactly 3 games , we have (5*3) 15 wins and (5*7) 35 losses

No of losses = 55 No of wins = 35

Now, rest of the teams won all the games and not a single game was lost so total losses equals 55 . Therefore , 20 must be added to no of wins to make both the above quantities equal.

Re: TRICKY! There are n teams playing in a basketball tournam [#permalink]
07 Oct 2018, 07:36

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Expert's post

GreenlightTestPrep wrote:

Several teams are competing in a basketball tournament, and each team plays every other team once. Each game has exactly 1 winner and 1 loser (no ties). If 4 teams lost exactly 5 games, 5 teams won exactly 3 games, and each of the remaining teams won all of its games, what is the total number of games played during the tournament?

A) 36 B) 45 C) 55 D) 66 E) 78

Let x = the total number of teams in the tournament.

There are a few ways to determine the total number of GAMES played. One approach is to recognize that the total number of games played = the total number of ways to select 2 teams (which will then play against each other) Since the order in which we select the 2 teams does not matter, we can use COMBINATIONS We can select 2 teams from x teams in xC2 ways, which equals (x)(x-1)/2 (see video below to see how we derived this) So, the total number of GAMES PLAYED = (x)(x-1)/2

Since each of the (x)(x-1)/2 games results in 1 winner, we can also say that.... ..the total number of WINS = (x)(x-1)/2

From this point on, I'll keep track of the WINS only

IMPORTANT: If there x teams, then each team plays x-1 games (since each team plays every team, other than itself)

4 teams lost exactly 5 games Each team plays x-1 games So, if a team LOST 5 games, then it must have WON the remaining games. In other words, the number of games that each team WON = (x - 1 - 5) games So, the total number of WINS from these 4 teams = (4)(x - 1 - 5)

5 teams won exactly 3 games Perfect. We're keeping track of WINS only. So, the total number of WINS from these 5 teams = (5)(3) = 15

Each of the remaining teams won all of its games We started with x teams, and we have dealt with 9 teams so far. So, the number of teams remaining = (x - 9) Each team plays x-1, so if each of the (x - 9) teams won ALL of their games, then . . . The total number of WINS from these (x - 9) teams = (x - 9)(x - 1) = x² - 10x + 9

We're now ready for our big equation! We know that: total number of wins = (x)(x-1)/2 So, we can write: (4)(x-1 - 5) + 15 + x² - 10x + 9 = (x)(x-1)/2 Expand both sides to get: 4x - 24 + 15 + x² - 10x + 9 = (x² - x)/2 Simplify left side: x² - 6x = (x² - x)/2 Multiply both sides by 2 to get: 2x² - 12x = x² - x Subtract x² from both sides: side: x² - 12x = -x Add x to both sides: side: x² - 11x = 0 Factor to get: x(x - 11) = 0 So, EITHER x = 0 or x = 11

Since it x = 0 makes NO SENSE, we can be certain that x = 11

What is the total number of games played during the tournament? We already determined that the total number of games played = (x)(x - 1)/2 So, plug in x = 11 We get: total number of games played =(11)(11 - 1)/2 = 55

Answer: C

RELATED VIDEO FROM OUR COURSE

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Brent Hanneson – Creator of greenlighttestprep.com If you enjoy my solutions, you'll like my GRE prep course. Sign up for GRE Question of the Dayemails

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Re: TRICKY! There are n teams playing in a basketball tournam
[#permalink]
07 Oct 2018, 07:36