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Throughout human history, there have been many

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Throughout human history, there have been many [#permalink] New post 17 Jul 2014, 23:16
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Question Stats:

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Throughout human history, there have been many stringent taboos concerning watching other people eat or eating in the presence of others. There have been attempts to explain these taboos in terms of inappropriate social relationships either between those who are involved and those who are not simultaneously involved in the satisfaction of a bodily need or between those already gorging. Undoubtedly such elements exist in the taboos, but there is an additional element with a much more fundamental importance in prehistoric times, when food was so precious and the on-lookers so hungry, not to offer half of the little food one had was unthinkable, since every glance was a plea for life. Further, during those times, people existed in nuclear or extended family groups, and the sharing of food was quite literally supporting one’s family or, by extension, preserving one’s self.
1. If the argument in the passage is valid, taboos against eating in the presence of others who are not also eating would be LEAST likely in a society that

(A) had always had a plentiful supply of food
(B) emphasized the need to share worldly goods
(C) had a nomadic rather than an agricultural way of life
(D) emphasized the value of privacy
(E) discouraged overindulgence

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
A


2. The author’s hypothesis concerning the origin of taboos against watching other people eat emphasizes the

(A) general palatability of food
(B) religious significance of food
(C) limited availability of food
(D) various sources of food
(E) nutritional value of food

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
C

3. According to the passage, the author believes that past attempts to explain some taboos concerning eating are

(A) unimaginative
(B) implausible
(C) inelegant
(D) incomplete
(E) unclear

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
D

4. In developing the main idea of the passage, the author does which of the following?

(A) Downplays earlier attempts to explain the origins of a social prohibition.
(B) Adapts a scientific theory and applies it to a spiritual relationship.
(C) Simplifies a complex biological phenomenon by explaining it in terms of social needs.
(D) Reorganizes a system designed to guide personal behavior.
(E) Codifies earlier, unsystematized conjectures about family life.

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
A

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Re: gre rc 4 [#permalink] New post 29 Jul 2014, 09:21
please provide the answers
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Re: gre rc 4 [#permalink] New post 30 Jul 2014, 01:25
1. (A)
2. (C)
3. (D)
4. (A)
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Re: gre rc 4-Throughout human history there [#permalink] New post 20 Mar 2018, 23:50
For question no. 4 I was stuck between A and C. Can anyone explain why answer choice "C" is wrong ?
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Re: Throughout human history, there have been many [#permalink] New post 21 Mar 2018, 15:04
Expert's post
From this sentence

Quote:
Undoubtedly such elements exist in the taboos, but there is an additional element with a much more fundamental importance in prehistoric times, when food was so precious and the on-lookers so hungry


you might infer that A is the answer. C does not address the questions you were asked.

The author exposes further information but NOT "Simplifies a complex biological phenomenon".

Hope now is clear. By the way, the question was tricky.

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Re: Throughout human history, there have been many [#permalink] New post 28 Mar 2018, 05:00
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Just to add into the answer for the tonal question - the hint should be coming from the word "additional", making it not complete/ incomplete
Re: Throughout human history, there have been many   [#permalink] 28 Mar 2018, 05:00
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