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TAGS: GRE Instructor Joined: 10 Apr 2015
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The two lines are tangent to the circle. [#permalink]
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Expert's post 00:00

Question Stats: 35% (02:34) correct 65% (02:14) wrong based on 20 sessions The two lines are tangent to the circle. If $$AC = 10$$ and $$AB = 10 \sqrt{3}$$, what is the area of the circle?

A) $$100 \pi$$

B) $$150 \pi$$

C) $$200 \pi$$

D) $$250 \pi$$

E) $$300 \pi$$
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

_________________

Brent Hanneson – Creator of greenlighttestprep.com Last edited by Carcass on 27 Nov 2019, 11:27, edited 2 times in total.
Updated
Manager Joined: 28 Nov 2017
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Kudos [?]: 46 , given: 33

Re: The two lines are tangent to the circle. [#permalink] GRE Instructor Joined: 10 Apr 2015
Posts: 2802
Followers: 103

Kudos [?]: 3105  , given: 53

Re: The two lines are tangent to the circle. [#permalink]
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Expert's post
GreenlightTestPrep wrote: The two lines are tangent to the circle. If AC = 10 and AB = 10√3, what is the area of the circle?

A) 100π
B) 150π
C) 200π
D) 250π
E) 300π

If AC = 10, then BC = 10 Since ABC is an isosceles triangle, the following gray line will create two right triangles... Now focus on the following blue triangle. Its measurements have a lot in common with the BASE 30-60-90 special triangle In fact, if we take the BASE 30-60-90 special triangle and multiply all sides by 5 we see that the sides are the same as the sides of the blue triangle. So, we can now add in the 30-degree and 60-degree angles Now add a point for the circle's center and draw a line to the point of tangency. The two lines will create a right triangle (circle property) We can see that the missing angle is 60 degrees Now create the following right triangle We already know that one side has length 5√3 Since we have a 30-60-90 special triangle, we know that the hypotenuse is twice as long as the side opposite the 30-degree angle. So, the hypotenuse must have length 10√3

In other words, the radius has length 10√3

What is the area of the circle?
Area = πr²
= π(10√3)²
= π(10√3)(10√3)
= 300π

Cheers,
Brent
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Brent Hanneson – Creator of greenlighttestprep.com  Manager  Joined: 19 Nov 2018
Posts: 102
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Kudos [?]: 91  , given: 53

Re: The two lines are tangent to the circle. [#permalink]
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Some people may find an introduction to, or refresher on, the Two Tangent Theorem and Radian Tangent Theorem to be helpful. Here is a succinct explanation I found: https://www.onlinemathlearning.com/tangent-circle.html Re: The two lines are tangent to the circle.   [#permalink] 09 Sep 2019, 09:10
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