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The time required to travel d miles at s miles per hour [#permalink]
17 Mar 2018, 03:11

3

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Expert's post

00:00

Question Stats:

73% (00:44) correct
26% (00:28) wrong based on 142 sessions

\(ds \neq 0\)

Quantity A

Quantity B

The time required to travel \(d\) miles at \(s\) miles per hour

The time required to travel \(\frac{d}{2}\) miles at \(2s\) miles per hour

A) Quantity A is greater. B) Quantity B is greater. C) The two quantities are equal. D) The relationship cannot be determined from the information given.

Re: ds different from zero [#permalink]
17 Mar 2018, 23:26

1

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distance travelled/ time taken = speed fill up the information in the formula 1st case: \(\frac{d}{t} =s\) or, \(\frac{d}{s} = t1\) (time taken for the first case) 2nd case: \(\frac{d}{2/2s} = \frac{d}{4s} = \frac{d}{s} * \frac{1}{4} = t2\) (time taken for the second case)

1st case is similar to the 2nd case except second case is multiplied by \(0.25\). If a \(+ve\) number is multiplied by less than \(1\) its value decreases hence B<A option A
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Re: ds different from zero [#permalink]
04 May 2018, 07:33

1

This post received KUDOS

Expert's post

Carcass wrote:

\(ds \neq 0\)

Quantity A

Quantity B

The time required to travel \(d\) miles at \(s\) miles per hour

The time required to travel \(\frac{d}{2}\) miles at \(2s\) miles per hour

A) Quantity A is greater. B) Quantity B is greater. C) The two quantities are equal. D) The relationship cannot be determined from the information given.

Quantity A: The time required to travel d miles at s miles per hour time = distance/rate So, here the time = d/s

Quantity B: The time required to travel d/2 miles at 2s miles per hour time = distance/rate So, here the time = (d/2)/2s = d/(4s)

So, we have: Quantity A: d/s Quantity B: d/(4s)

From here, we can solve the question using matching operations Since the speed (s) must be a POSITIVE value, we can safely multiply each quantity by 4s to get: Quantity A: 4d Quantity B: d

Subtract d from each quantity to get: Quantity A: 3d Quantity B: 0

Divide each quantity by 3 to get: Quantity A: d Quantity B: 0

Since the distance (d) must be positive, we can see that Quantity A is greater.

Answer: A

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Re: ds different from zero [#permalink]
04 May 2018, 09:57

for this kind of question, is it okay that I assigned random values to d and s to be clear of the answer. For example, i took D= 10miles and S = 20mph. then I calculated time for A and B. I got the rigth answer here but I want to be sure I can do for all these kind of problems and there wouldnt be exceptions.

Re: ds different from zero [#permalink]
04 May 2018, 10:15

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Expert's post

kruttikaaggarwal wrote:

for this kind of question, is it okay that I assigned random values to d and s to be clear of the answer. For example, i took D= 10miles and S = 20mph. then I calculated time for A and B. I got the rigth answer here but I want to be sure I can do for all these kind of problems and there wouldnt be exceptions.

The strategy of testing values does not reliably lead us to the correct answer. The ONLY time we can be certain of the correct answer is when plugging in two sets of values leads to two DIFFERENT outcomes (where the correct answer is D).

Here's what I mean.

Let's say we must compare the following quantities: Quantity A: 5 Quantity B: x

Let's assign a random value for x and see what happens. Let's say x = 3 We get: Quantity A: 5 Quantity B: 3

Quantity A is greater, so can we conclude that the correct answer is A? No.

If I try a different value of x, like x = 10, then we get: Quantity A: 5 Quantity B: 10

This time Quantity B is greater, so the correct answer is D.

For more on this watch:

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Brent Hanneson – Creator of greenlighttestprep.com If you enjoy my solutions, you'll like my GRE prep course. Sign up for GRE Question of the Dayemails

Re: ds different from zero [#permalink]
04 May 2018, 11:26

Expert's post

kruttikaaggarwal wrote:

for this kind of question, is it okay that I assigned random values to d and s to be clear of the answer. For example, i took D= 10miles and S = 20mph. then I calculated time for A and B. I got the rigth answer here but I want to be sure I can do for all these kind of problems and there wouldnt be exceptions.

Whenever you are plugging in values your target is to break the question (finding a loophole) so as to get a quick solution. If it is a question where answrers are given i.e. multiple choice questions you would want to eleminate as many options as possible from the given possible answer choices. When answers choices are given you can simply plug the answer choices.

In Quantitative comparison questions plugging values is one of the most effective tool to get the option D, as already pointed out above.
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Re: The time required to travel d miles at s miles per hour [#permalink]
20 Oct 2019, 15:52

Carcass wrote:

\(ds \neq 0\)

Quantity A

Quantity B

The time required to travel \(d\) miles at \(s\) miles per hour

The time required to travel \(\frac{d}{2}\) miles at \(2s\) miles per hour

A) Quantity A is greater. B) Quantity B is greater. C) The two quantities are equal. D) The relationship cannot be determined from the information given.

Hi,

So I got this question right on the first try; My question then isn't so much about that but about how I could have gotten it wrong, and why that's wrong.

When we solve for QB we get (and you can approach this a few different ways, which is a bit about what my q. is concerning):

Quote:

s = d/t -plug in

(2s) = (d/2)/t -simplify the right:

2s = d/2t -divide by d

2s/d = 1/2t

Now here is where I could have made the mistake. If you cancel out the opposite factors of 2, you will get:

Quote:

s / d = 1 / t -take the reciprocal of both sides to isolate t

d / s = t

This is the same value as QA and obviously does not work given that the answer is A.So my question is, why can't we cross-cancel here?

When we proceed the other way we get:

Quote:

2s / d = 1 / 2t -take the reciprocal first

d / 2s = 2t -multiply by 1/2

d / 4s = t

We can also get this by cross-multiplication:

Quote:

2s / d = 1 / 2t 4st = d t = d / 4s

So why isn't the cross-canceling valid? I understand that it leads to the wrong answer, but shouldn't it be a valid way to evaluate an expression?

Re: The time required to travel d miles at s miles per hour [#permalink]
22 Oct 2019, 10:31

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Expert's post

einalemjs wrote:

2s/d = 1/2t Now here is where I could have made the mistake. If you cancel out the opposite factors of 2, you will get: s/d = 1/t

Be careful. "cancelling" isn't a matter of removing two values that are the same.

If we take: 2s/d = 1/(2t)... ...and divide both sides by 2, we get: s/d = 1/(4t)

If we take: 2s/d = 1/(2t)... ...and multiply both sides by 2, we get: 4s/d = 1/t

As you can see, there isn't an approach that allows us to eliminate both 2's

Cheers, Brent
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Brent Hanneson – Creator of greenlighttestprep.com If you enjoy my solutions, you'll like my GRE prep course. Sign up for GRE Question of the Dayemails

Re: The time required to travel d miles at s miles per hour [#permalink]
23 Oct 2019, 10:49

1

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Maybe a simpler way: time = distance / speed. As in any fraction, if you make the numerator smaller and the denominator larger, the value of the fraction (in this case, time) goes down. So answer A is bigger.

Re: The time required to travel d miles at s miles per hour [#permalink]
25 Oct 2019, 18:42

Chakolate wrote:

Maybe a simpler way: time = distance / speed. As in any fraction, if you make the numerator smaller and the denominator larger, the value of the fraction (in this case, time) goes down. So answer A is bigger.

Re: The time required to travel d miles at s miles per hour [#permalink]
30 Oct 2019, 20:44

Maybe a simpler way: time = distance / speed. As in any fraction, if you make the numerator smaller and the denominator larger, the value of the fraction (in this case, time) goes down. So answer A is bigger.

Re: The time required to travel d miles at s miles per hour [#permalink]
10 Jul 2020, 04:41

1

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Notice that Q(A) T=D/R Q(B) T=(d/2)/(2R). That means Q(B) has lower value than Q(A). its numerator halved and denominator doubled. Hence, A is the answer.

greprepclubot

Re: The time required to travel d miles at s miles per hour
[#permalink]
10 Jul 2020, 04:41