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The narratives that vanquished peoples have created of their

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The narratives that vanquished peoples have created of their [#permalink] New post 10 Jan 2017, 03:19
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The narratives that vanquished peoples have created of their defeat have, according to Schivelbusch, fallen into several identifiable types. In one of these, the vanquished manage to (i)_____the victor’s triumph as the result of some spurious advantage, the victors being truly inferior where it counts. Often the winners (ii)_____this interpretation, worrying about the cultural or moral costs of their triumph and so giving some credence to the losers' story.


Blank (i) Blank (ii)
construe take issue with
anoint disregard
acknowledge collude in
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: The narratives that vanquished peoples have created of their [#permalink] New post 12 Jan 2017, 08:52
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Explanation


This is a long statement which usually has 3 blanks. However, the first sentence is complete and as such could have some clue to put us on track.
Moreover, remember always to read the entire sentence to grasp the overall meaning; this is the best strategy you might follow because even if you spot a clue or more if you do not grasp the entire meaning you could miss one of the answers. A clue does not represent what is all about.

That said, what I do always is to split a sentence (if long like this one) into chunks and do a brief, 2 to five seconds, of brainstorming. Just a pinch.

The narratives that vanquished peoples have created of their defeat have, according to Schivelbusch, fallen into several identifiable types.

The first thing I do notice is that the word vanquished is unknown to my vocabulary. This is normal: the English language is so vast which is impossible even for the most skilled academic professor to know everything. Consider this at a student level. Your goal is to understand the overall sense of the sentence and not indulge that much on a single word-meaning which is distracting and detrimental to your performance.

The narrative that vanquished people (is enough to know for now the word people) have created of their defeat.........at this point you should have an ah-ha moment: some people create something else (the narratives or stories) of their defeat. Which means that vanquished are people defeated is some battle-field or war. That is great. Now we do know more or less the meaning of the sentence and on top of that: we have already some possible clue to keep in mind for the forthcoming two sentences. The narratives said by people defeated in some war falls into several streams.

At this point is premature to make some sort of forecast. But so far so good.

In one of these, the vanquished manage to (i)_____the victor’s triumph as the result of some spurious advantage, the victors being truly inferior where it counts.

What we do have here: in one of this sub-type of narratives, manage to (i) ______ the victory of the enemies (the vanquished's enemy) as a consequence of some spurious advantage: this means that the vanquished attribute the other victory to something else that is not skill-related, strategy or the well-prepared army but they think is, for instance, fortune related. I.E. the victory is the result of the fortune or some divine intervention or some other cause outside the logic reasons

Looking at the answer choices,

construe I do not know honestly what that means. I assume always that a student DOES NOT know how to manage a word. If it was the contrary, we did know every single word of the Oxford dictionary, then 70% of the GRE exam was a stroll. And this is not the case. Our goal is to contextualize as much as possible a word, trying to carve out the most from it and to see if it fits the ballpark or not. Not knowing the exact meaning. Keep for now.

anoint This word is even worse than the previous one. I am blank in my mind. At this point, the GRE is much of a strategy: stay calm, stay focus, be aggressive. Do not lost the count.

acknowledge This is easy: it means, essentially, to recognize. Cross off immediately and move on.

At this point you have two choices ahead of you: or you try to attack the third sentence and consequently the second blank or stop here and try to nail the first blank. This is a hard decision-making and overall is what GRE is all about. Decision-making.

I decide to pick the first one choice of my strategy to go ahead. After all, I can go back if necessary.

Often the winners (ii)_____this interpretation, worrying about the cultural or moral costs of their triumph and so giving some credence to the losers' story.

Now, in this question, we do have on one hand the defeated and now, of course, we do have the winners. Often they (ii) ________ this interpretation: which means they do something about the interpretation of the victory by the vanquished. I.E the vanquished managed in a certain way their defeated AND the winner act accordingly to this. Woww.

My strategy was right. reading the third sentence I have had a huge clue to fill the first blank and to fill the second as well. Now the entire story is much more clear to me :-D

The winners when they won, at the same time they are worried of the implications of their victory to the defeated(vanquished) in terms of moral costs and as it turns out they give some credit to what the vanquished say, some deal to the losers' story.

At this point the big picture is quite clear and could recap this way: the defeated attribute their defeat to some other reason than the skillful enemy but rather to the fortune (for instance). And the same vanquished manage, craft their defeat in a certain way. As a consequence, the winners react to this interpretation not in a harsh way, considering the moral costs that a defeat implies to the losers.

Perfect.

looking at the answer choices in the first blank: construe vs anoint, even though I do not know the exact meaning of the two, from the context almost clearly construe suggest me something as construction; artefact: something to build, to manage, maybe a house. They must be the answer.

Looking at the second blank, at this point:

take issue with means to delve into some discussion or something related to solve an issue. Here as you noticed there is no issue to solve. Cross off

disregard The winners do not disregard anything. On the contrary, they have a sort of soft approach to the losers for the implication that a defeat could have. The do not disregard, they instead take in account.

collude in this must be the second blank. Even if I do not know at all the meaning. However, the word collude reminds me of something close, which is the idea I had reading the sentence. The winners are somehow close to the losers.

The answers are A and F.
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Re: The narratives that vanquished peoples have created of their [#permalink] New post 21 May 2018, 11:23
Can we have acknowledge in blank(i)
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Re: The narratives that vanquished peoples have created of their [#permalink] New post 22 May 2018, 12:01
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Re: The narratives that vanquished peoples have created of their [#permalink] New post 27 May 2018, 06:08
itisSheldon wrote:
Can we have acknowledge in blank(i)


Acknowledge is to agree with someone or something whereas construe is to communicate something.
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Re: The narratives that vanquished peoples have created of their [#permalink] New post 28 May 2018, 15:21
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Re: The narratives that vanquished peoples have created of their [#permalink] New post 25 Nov 2018, 03:13
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Re: The narratives that vanquished peoples have created of their [#permalink] New post 30 Mar 2019, 22:39
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Attached is a visual that should help.

Image

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Re: The narratives that vanquished peoples have created of their [#permalink] New post 12 May 2020, 13:09
Great explanation, thank you. I thought at first there was a typo in the question as "have" was duplicated.
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Re: The narratives that vanquished peoples have created of their [#permalink] New post 25 Oct 2020, 20:14
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The narratives that vanquished peoples have created of their defeat have, according to Schivelbusch, fallen into several identifiable types. In one of these, the vanquished manage to (i)_____the victor’s triumph as the result of some spurious advantage, the victors being truly inferior where it counts. Often the winners (ii)_____this interpretation, worrying about the cultural or moral costs of their triumph and so giving some credence to the losers' story.

The paragraph talks about the different types of narratives the vanquished peoples have created of their defeat. The second sentence talks about one of these narratives. Therefore, construe is the correct choice, since to construe means to interpret something in a particular way. The word anoint is a real trap answer here, because usually we anoint a victor as a king or a queen. But we cannot anoint a victor's triumph, when it is the result of a spurious advantage, because it is not something positive! Acknowledge is wrong, for the vanquished are interpreting and creating a narrative and not merely acknowledging!

Since the winners worry about the cultural or moral costs of their triumphs and in the process give credence to the loser's story, they have accepted the interpretation of the vanquished. In other words, they collude in this interpretation. To collude means to cooperate in a secret or unlawful way in order to deceive or gain an advantage over others. If they take issue with or disregard the interpretation of the vanquished, they would not be worrying about the cultural or moral costs of their triumph or give credence to the losers' story.
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Re: The narratives that vanquished peoples have created of their [#permalink] New post 26 Oct 2020, 03:34
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Re: The narratives that vanquished peoples have created of their [#permalink] New post 27 Oct 2020, 14:03
Why would the last blank not be "take issue with", reading the sentence that the victors take umbrage with giving credence to an explanation of the losers which would, if taken seriously, impose moral costs, and thus undermine their victory? They worry about their costs, and so [they worry] about giving credence to a story which might back up those costs. That is to say, why would I not read it as victors worrying about how giving credence to a story would sully their victory from a cultural/moral standpoint, and so they defy the story of the losers for fear of giving said credence?

It stands to reason to me that in any conflict, the winner would want to depict their victory as total, and avoid giving credence to anything saying otherwise for exactly the issue raised.
Re: The narratives that vanquished peoples have created of their   [#permalink] 27 Oct 2020, 14:03
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