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# The first smallpox prevention methods were inoculations, in

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The first smallpox prevention methods were inoculations, in [#permalink]  24 Oct 2017, 07:46
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The first smallpox prevention methods were inoculations, intentional infections with active diseased matter that typically caused a mild illness and would later result in immunity. Modern epidemiologists believe that inoculated patients were less likely to contract a fatal case of smallpox because they contracted the disease through skin contact, not inhalation. However, due to extreme disparities in the type and amount of virus used, health practitioners could offer no real prediction of how severe a case a given patient might contract after being inoculated. Inoculation differs from vaccination, which uses a standard dose of dead or weakened virus culture and therefore poses a much lower risk of fatal infection. After a smallpox vaccine was developed in the 1790s, inoculation gradually fell from favor and was eventually banned in numerous jurisdictions.
Consider each of the following choices separately and select $$all$$ that apply.

Which of the following statements is supported by the passage?

A Vaccination replaced inoculation because it was a safer method of protecting against disease.
B Two random doses of a vaccine are likely to be more similar than two random doses of an inoculum.
C Prior to the 1790s, live virus cultures were often used in tuberculosis inoculations.

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
A,B

In the context in which it appears, “contracted” most nearly means which of the following?

A agreed
B shrunk
C acquired
D shortened
E hired
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
C

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Re: The first smallpox prevention methods were inoculations, in [#permalink]  19 Oct 2018, 13:15
In passage there is nothing mentioned about comparison of vaccine and inoculum dosage so how we can infer they are "likely to be more similar" ?
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Re: The first smallpox prevention methods were inoculations, in [#permalink]  20 Oct 2018, 04:29
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Inoculation differs from vaccination, which uses a standard dose of dead or weakened virus culture and therefore poses a much lower risk of fatal infection

practitioners could offer no real prediction of how severe a case a given patient might contract after being inoculated.

B is included. read carefully the passage.

Regards
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Re: The first smallpox prevention methods were inoculations, in [#permalink]  12 Mar 2019, 21:09
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In passage there is nothing mentioned about comparison of vaccine and inoculum dosage so how we can infer they are "likely to be more similar" ?

Quote:
However, due to extreme disparities in the type and amount of virus used, health practitioners could offer no real prediction of how severe a case a given patient might contract after being inoculated.

From the above line, we can infer that two doses of inoculum are going to produce a variety of results and hence are less similar.
Re: The first smallpox prevention methods were inoculations, in   [#permalink] 12 Mar 2019, 21:09
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