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The belief that art originates in intuitive

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The belief that art originates in intuitive [#permalink] New post 11 Aug 2019, 02:19
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42% (05:53) correct 58% (06:59) wrong based on 50 sessions
The belief that art originates in intuitive rather than rational faculties was worked out historically and philosophically in the somewhat wearisome volumes of Benedetto Croce, who is usually considered the originator of a new aesthetic. Croce was, in fact, expressing a very old idea. Long before the Romantics stressed intuition and self-expression, the frenzy of inspiration was regarded as fundamental to art, but philosophers had always assumed it must be controlled by law and by the intellectual power of putting things into harmonious order. This general philosophic concept of art was supported by technical necessities. It was necessary to master certain laws and to use intellect in order to build Gothic cathedrals, or set up the stained glass windows of Chartres. When this bracing element of craftsmanship ceased to dominate artists’ outlook, new technical elements had to be adopted to maintain the intellectual element in art. Such were linear perspective and anatomy.
The passage suggests that which of the following would most likely have occurred if linear perspective and anatomy had not come to influence artistic endeavor?

(A)The craftsmanship that shaped Gothic architecture would have continued to dominate artists’ outlooks.
(B)Some other technical elements would have been adopted to discipline artistic inspiration.
(C)Intellectual control over artistic inspiration would not have influenced painting as it did architecture.
(D)The role of intuitive inspiration would not have remained fundamental to theories of artistic creation.
(E)The assumptions of aesthetic philosophers before Croce would have been invalidated.


[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
B



The passage supplies information for answering which of the following questions?

(A)Does Romantic art exhibit the triumph of intuition over intellect?
(B)Did an emphasis on linear perspective and anatomy dominate Romantic art?
(C)Are the intellectual and intuitive faculties harmoniously balanced in post-Romantic art?
(D)Are the effects of the rational control of artistic inspiration evident in the great works of pre-Romantic eras?
(E)Was the artistic craftsmanship displayed in Gothic cathedrals also an element in paintings of this period?


[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
D


The passage implies that which of the following was a traditional assumption of aesthetic philosophers?

(A)Intellectual elements in art exert a necessary control over artistic inspiration.
(B)Architecture has never again reached the artistic greatness of the Gothic cathedrals.
(C)Aesthetic philosophy is determined by the technical necessities of art.
(D)Artistic craftsmanship is more important in architectural art than in pictorial art.
(E)Paintings lacked the intellectual element before the invention of linear perspective and anatomy.


[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
A


The author mentions “linear perspective and anatomy” in the last sentence in order to do which of the following?

(A)Expand his argument to include painting as well as architecture
(B)Indicate his disagreement with Croce’s theory of the origins of art
(C)Support his point that rational order of some kind has often seemed to discipline artistic inspiration
(D)Explain the rational elements in Gothic painting that corresponded to craftsmanship in Gothic architecture
(E)Show the increasing sophistication of artists after the Gothic period


[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
C


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Re: The belief that art originates in intuitive [#permalink] New post 21 Aug 2019, 04:30
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Question - 1 - The passage suggests that which of the following would most likely have occurred if linear perspective and anatomy had not come to influence artistic endeavor?

The passage talks about how philosophers had always assumed that inspirational frenzy must be controlled by law and by the intellectual power of putting things into harmonious order. That rational faculty has a role to play to discipline the artistic inspirational frenzy. And technical necessities supported this philosophic concept of art. It mentions the role of intellect and knowledge of certain laws in building Gothic Cathedrals or creating stained glass. The passage then states that when this craftsmanship ceased to dominate artist's outlook, new technical elements had to be adopted to maintain the intellectual element in art. One of them was linear perspective and anatomy.

Since the passage maintains the necessity of intellectual control of intuitional inspiration, if the linear perspective and anatomy had not come to influence artistic endeavor, some other technical or intellectual elements would have taken control and influenced the artists.

Thus Choice B is the correct choice.


Question - 2 - The passage supplies information for answering which of the following questions?

(A)Does Romantic art exhibit the triumph of intuition over intellect? - While the passage states how Romantics stressed intuition and self-expression, and believed that art originates in intuition and not in rational faculties, it does not talk about Romantic art being an example of triumph of intuition over intellect. That is extreme.

(B)Did an emphasis on linear perspective and anatomy dominate Romantic art? - No information provided.The passage only states that linear perspective and anatomy took over once the bracing element of craftsmanship ceased to dominate artist's outlook.

(C)Are the intellectual and intuitive faculties harmoniously balanced in post-Romantic art? - No information provided.


(D)Are the effects of the rational control of artistic inspiration evident in the great works of pre-Romantic eras? - Yes. We see that in the Gothic Cathedrals and stained glass of Chartres which required mastery (and knowledge) of certain lsaws and use of intellect.

(E)Was the artistic craftsmanship displayed in Gothic cathedrals also an element in paintings of this period? - No information provided.

Thus Choice D is the correct choice.


Question - 3 - The passage implies that which of the following was a traditional assumption of aesthetic philosophers?

The passage states that the philosophers assumed that while inspirational frenzy was fundamental to art, the philosophers had always assumed it must be controlled by law and by the intellectual power of putting things into harmonious order. Therefore,

Choice A is the correct choice.


Question - 4 - The author mentions “linear perspective and anatomy” in the last sentence in order to do which of the following?

The author mentions linear perspective and anatomy taking over to maintain the intellectual element in art once the bracing elemment of craftsmanship ceased to dominate artists outlook.

Choice C is the correct answer.
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Re: The belief that art originates in intuitive [#permalink] New post 03 Sep 2019, 11:02
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This is an amazing passage. Really. This is art at RC.

:)
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Re: The belief that art originates in intuitive [#permalink] New post 08 Oct 2019, 10:59
Thanks for this information. It useful
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Re: The belief that art originates in intuitive [#permalink] New post 01 Feb 2020, 21:49
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Carcass wrote:
This is an amazing passage. Really. This is art at RC.

:)


It really is hard to decipher the meaning of the passage. I even tried to re-read several times but did not get 100% of it. If you have sometimes, can you please summarize it in plain English?

I summarized how I understood as follows:

-Intuitive, rather than rational faculties, worked out well in the past (historically)
-BC was known as the founder of new aesthetic (I suspected new asthetic means rational faculties [I started to lose comprehension here])
-Despite being known for new aesthetic, BC actually expressed very old idea
-Prior to the Romantics, the frenzy of inspiration [what does this mean, how does it connect to abovementioned, I started to lose comprehension again here] is regarded as very important to art, but philosophers affirmed it was controlled by intellectual power (or rational faculties)
-Then passage went on to say on what the thought of philosophers was supported, giving examples of Gothic cathedrals & stained windows
-When this bracing element of craftsmanship ceased to dominate [I can't understand what was the bracing element here, losing comprehension again], new skills need to be acquired
-Then the final sentence totally killed my comprehension, "Such were linear perspective and anatomy," what did such refer to in this passage, what does linear perspective and anatomy even mean?
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Re: The belief that art originates in intuitive [#permalink] New post 10 Mar 2020, 19:53
In terms of the current GRE how difficult would this passage be considered? I've been working through the RCs and this is by far the most difficult passage that I've done till now. Even though I got most of the passage the questions completely stumped me and I got only 1 out of 4 correct!
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Re: The belief that art originates in intuitive [#permalink] New post 12 Mar 2020, 03:15
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According to the ETS's scale it is medium , NOT so hard.

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Re: The belief that art originates in intuitive [#permalink] New post 19 Mar 2020, 21:11
mind wrote:
Carcass wrote:
This is an amazing passage. Really. This is art at RC.

:)


It really is hard to decipher the meaning of the passage. I even tried to re-read several times but did not get 100% of it. If you have sometimes, can you please summarize it in plain English?

Summary of the Passage:

Art originates in intuition and this is an old idea re-told by Benedetto Croce. But philosophers felt that this intuition must be controlled by intellectual power. This idea was supported by technical necessities such as building cathedrals which require intellectual power. Thus this element of craftsmanship involved in building cathedrals supported the idea that intellectual power was necessary. When this craftsmanship no longer influenced artist's outlook, newer elements like linear perspective and anatomy had to be adopted to justify intellectual power.

OR

Art = Intuition + Intellectual Power
Intellectual Power supported, maintained and justified by the requirements of building large cathedrals.
When no longer building large cathedrals, artists turned to linear perspective and anatomy to justify intellectual power
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Re: The belief that art originates in intuitive [#permalink] New post 19 Mar 2020, 21:27
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mind wrote:
Carcass wrote:
This is an amazing passage. Really. This is art at RC.

:)


It really is hard to decipher the meaning of the passage. I even tried to re-read several times but did not get 100% of it. If you have sometimes, can you please summarize it in plain English?

I summarized how I understood as follows:

-Intuitive, rather than rational faculties, worked out well in the past (historically)
-BC was known as the founder of new aesthetic (I suspected new asthetic means rational faculties [I started to lose comprehension here])
new aesthetic is neither related to intuition nor rational faculties. It is just a fact that is mentioned. An unrelated fact meant to confuse you.

-Despite being known for new aesthetic, BC actually expressed very old idea
-Prior to the Romantics, the frenzy of inspiration [what does this mean, how does it connect to abovementioned, I started to lose comprehension again here]
frenzy of inspiration is the same as intuition.
is regarded as very important to art, but philosophers affirmed it was controlled by intellectual power (or rational faculties) correct

-Then passage went on to say on what the thought of philosophers was supported, giving examples of Gothic cathedrals & stained windows correct
-When this bracing element of craftsmanship ceased to dominate [I can't understand what was the bracing element here, losing comprehension again],
bracing element = supporting element, in this context the supporting element of craftsmanship which supports intellectual power.

new skills need to be acquired this is your assumption and the passage does not say this. It is wrong.

-Then the final sentence totally killed my comprehension, "Such were linear perspective and anatomy," what did such refer to in this passage, what does linear perspective and anatomy even mean?
when technical skills needed to build cathedrals no longer supported the intellectual power, it was supported by linear perspective and anatomy. Linear perspective and anatomy became the bracing elements.

such = new technical elements which were adopted maintain the intellectual element
linear perspective is clearly an art term. Anatomy refers to human anatomy or anatomy of anything, which provided the harmonious order for the artists. Both are intellectual elements.

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Re: The belief that art originates in intuitive [#permalink] New post 07 Apr 2020, 10:09
Lovely passage, way better than all the science based ones that I keep on running into haha.
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Re: The belief that art originates in intuitive [#permalink] New post 21 Jul 2020, 08:43
The author mentions "linear perspective and
anatomy" in the last sentence in order to do
which of the following?
why not b is right
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Re: The belief that art originates in intuitive [#permalink] New post 28 Jul 2020, 08:13
I do hope schools will discard GRE completely especially for STEM fields. I fail to see how interpreting this passage will help one in grad school especially for research....
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Re: The belief that art originates in intuitive [#permalink] New post 06 Aug 2020, 19:11
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debashisdtt170 wrote:
The author mentions "linear perspective and
anatomy" in the last sentence in order to do
which of the following?
why not b is right



The author mentions “linear perspective and anatomy” in the last sentence in order to do which of the following?

(B)Indicate his disagreement with Croce’s theory of the origins of art
(C)Support his point that rational order of some kind has often seemed to discipline artistic inspiration

C is correct because if you observe the sentences preceding it, they talk about how the law and intellectual elements
came to dominate the inspiration.
B is incorrect because passage has no evidence anywhere that autor disagrees wih Croce's theory. In fact, after introducing
Croce's ideas, passage talks about how exactly opposite of that idea happened.
Re: The belief that art originates in intuitive   [#permalink] 06 Aug 2020, 19:11
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