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Some modern anthropologists hold that biological evolution

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Some modern anthropologists hold that biological evolution [#permalink] New post 10 Jul 2019, 09:47
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22% (02:36) correct 77% (04:24) wrong based on 9 sessions
Some modern anthropologists hold that biological evolution has shaped not only human morphology but also human behavior. The role those anthropologists ascribe to evolution is not of dictating the details of human behavior but one of imposing constraints — ways of feeling, thinking, and acting that ― come naturally‖ in archetypal situations in any culture. Our “frailties” – emotions and motives such as rage, fear, greed, gluttony, joy, lust, love — may be a very mixed assortment, but they share at least one immediate quality: we are, as we say, “in the grip” of them. And thus they give us our sense of constraints.

  Unhappily, some of those frailties — our need for ever-increasing security among them — are presently maladaptive. Yet beneath the overlay of cultural detail, they, too, are said to be biological in direction, and therefore as natural to us as are our appendixes. We would need to comprehend thoroughly their adaptive origins in order to understand how badly they guide us now. And we might then begin to resist their pressure.
1. Which of the following most probably provides an appropriate analogy from human morphology for the “details” versus “constraints” distinction made in the passage in relation to human behavior?

  (A) The ability of most people to see all the colors of the visible spectrum as against most people‘s inability to name any but the primary colors

  (B) The ability of even the least fortunate people to show compassion as against people‘s inability to mask their feelings completely

  (C) The ability of some people to dive to great depths as against most people‘s inability to swim long distances

  (D) The psychological profile of those people who are able to delay gratification as against people‘s inability to control their lives completely

  (E) The greater lung capacity of mountain peoples that helps them live in oxygen-poor air as against people‘s inability to fly without special apparatus

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
E


  2. It can be inferred that in his discussion of maladaptive frailties the author assumes that

  (A) evolution does not favor the emergence of adaptive characteristics over the emergence of maladaptive ones

  (B) any structure or behavior not positively adaptive is regarded as transitory in evolutionary theory

  (C) maladaptive characteristics, once fixed, make the emergence of other maladaptive characteristics more likely

  (D) the designation of a characteristic as being maladaptive must always remain highly tentative

  (E) changes in the total human environment can outpace evolutionary change


[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
E

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Re: Some modern anthropologists hold that biological evolution [#permalink] New post 10 Jul 2019, 12:08
Expert's post
The passage as a whole is about the origins of human behavior. Then goes on to say that human ‘frailties’ are also inherently biological .

Conclusion: we need to understand the origins of these frailties to resist their pressure(last few lines).


Option A says that the passage deals with the foundations of human behavior (true) and their implications (true).
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Re: Some modern anthropologists hold that biological evolution [#permalink] New post 18 Jul 2019, 09:18
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Carcass wrote:
The passage as a whole is about the origins of human behavior. Then goes on to say that human ‘frailties’ are also inherently biological .

Conclusion: we need to understand the origins of these frailties to resist their pressure(last few lines).


Option A says that the passage deals with the foundations of human behavior (true) and their implications (true).


Hi,
I searched again, unfortunately, I wrote a wrong answer for question No.1, the correct answer is option E. After searching a lot, I came up with this idea that the limitations should because of details in human morphology. none of the answers mentioned that except option E. limitations of options A, B, C are independent of morphology details. D refers to a psychological aspect, and E is the says that the limitation is because of the limit in our details of morphology
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Re: Some modern anthropologists hold that biological evolution [#permalink] New post 27 Jul 2019, 11:10
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Your assumption is correct.

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Re: Some modern anthropologists hold that biological evolution   [#permalink] 27 Jul 2019, 11:10
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