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Since the Hawaiian Islands have never been connected

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Director
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Joined: 16 May 2014
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GRE 1: Q165 V161
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Kudos [?]: 521 [1] , given: 64

Since the Hawaiian Islands have never been connected [#permalink] New post 05 Jan 2016, 07:13
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Question Stats:

100% (01:37) correct 0% (00:00) wrong based on 12 sessions
Since the Hawaiian Islands have never been connected to other land masses, the great variety of plants in Hawaii must be a result of the long-distance dispersal of seeds, a process that requires both a method of transport and an equivalence between the ecology of the source area and that of the recipient area. There is some dispute about the method of transport involved. Some biologists argue that ocean and air currents are responsible for the transport of plant seeds to Hawaii. Yet the results of flotation experiments and the low temperatures of air currents cast doubt on these hypotheses. More probable is bird transport, either externally, by accidental attachment of the seeds to feathers, or internally, by the swallowing of fruit and subsequent excretion of the seeds. While it is likely that fewer varieties of plant seeds have reached Hawaii externally than internally, more varieties are known
to be adapted to external than to internal transport.
8. The author of the passage is primarily concerned with

A) discussing different approaches biologists have taken to testing theories about the distribution of plants in Hawaii
B) discussing different theories about the transport of plant seeds to Hawaii
C) discussing the extent to which air currents are responsible for the dispersal of plant seeds to Hawaii
D) resolving a dispute about the adaptability of plant seeds to bird transport
E) resolving a dispute about the ability of birds to carry plant seeds long distances

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
B



9. The author mentions the results of flotation experiments on plant seeds most probably in order to

A) support the claim that the distribution of plants in Hawaii is the result of the long-distance dispersal of seeds
B) lend credibility to the thesis that air currents provide a method of transport for plant seeds to Hawaii
C) suggest that the long-distance dispersal of seeds is a process that requires long periods of time
D) challenge the claim that ocean currents are responsible for the transport of plant seeds to Hawaii
E) refute the claim that Hawaiian flora evolved independently from flora in other parts of the world


[Reveal] Spoiler:
D





Practice Questions
Question: 8,9
Page: 59
Difficulty: easy

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Director
Director
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Joined: 16 May 2014
Posts: 594
GRE 1: Q165 V161
Followers: 100

Kudos [?]: 521 [1] , given: 64

Re: Since the Hawaiian Islands have never been connected [#permalink] New post 05 Jan 2016, 07:15
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Explanation:


1. B
Given the description of the passage above, it is clear that Choice B is correct: the passage focuses on “different theories about the transport of plant seeds to Hawaii.” Choice A can be eliminated: while the passage does refer to flotation experiments, it does not elaborate on experimental methods. Choice C identifies an idea that is part of the passage’s main concern, but since this is only one of the competing theories discussed in the passage, not the primary focus, Choice C is incorrect. Choices D and E are incorrect because the passage does not resolve any disputes.

2.D
This question asks why the author mentions flotation experiments. Flotation experiments are mentioned in the passage in order to show that some evidence casts doubt on the claim that ocean currents were the means by which seeds were transported to Hawaii. Thus, Choice D is correct. Choice A is incorrect since the claim that plant distribution in Hawaii is the result of long-distance dispersal of seeds is a given in the passage, not an idea that the author feels a need to substantiate. Choice B is eliminable since the flotation experiments are introduced at a point where the author is challenging, rather than lending credibility to, the air current hypothesis and because flotation experiments would more likely reflect on ocean currents than air currents. Choice C is
eliminable since the passage does not address the length of time required for longdistance seed dispersal. Finally, Choice E is eliminable since it too describes an idea that is not discussed in the passage.
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Re: Since the Hawaiian Islands have never been connected   [#permalink] 05 Jan 2016, 07:15
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Since the Hawaiian Islands have never been connected

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