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Quant GRE Question types? (syllabus and format)

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Quant GRE Question types?



There are four major skills that are analyzed in the section: arithmetic, geometry, algebra, and data analysis. The analysis includes both knowledge and application skills of the theories that you have studied. The Quantitative Reasoning Section of the GRE tests your basic math skills, understanding of mathematical concepts, quantitative reasoning, and problem-solving skills using quantitative methods.

Arithmetic

The section includes basic mathematical principles and operations. Some of the topics covered in this section are:
  • Integers, their types, and their properties:
  • Prime numbers
  • Divisibility
  • Remainders
  • Factorization
  • Even and odd integers
  • Arithmetic operations, roots, and exponents
  • Estimation
  • Ratio
  • Percent
  • Absolute value
  • Sequences of numbers
  • Decimal representation
  • Number line
  • Rate

Algebra
The section tests your ability to apply simple mathematical concepts to actual problems and solve them using quantitative reasoning and is comprised of topics like:

  • Factoring and simplifying algebraic equations
  • Problems with exponents
  • Relations, equalities, inequalities, and functions
  • Quadratic and linear equations
  • Simultaneous equations and solving inequalities
  • Converting word problems into equations and solving them
  • Graphs for slope of lines, functions, equations, intercepts, inequalities, and coordinate geometry


Geometry
The geometry section comprises only elementary geometry and does not test your ability to construct proofs. Understanding basic concepts and knowing Pythagoras’ theorem should get you past this section without much difficulty.


  • Perpendicular and parallel lines
  • Triangles, including 30-, 60-, and 90-degree angles, equilateral triangles, and isosceles
  • Circles
  • Polygons
  • Quadrilaterals
  • Similar and congruent figures
  • Area
  • Volume
  • Perimeter
  • Three-dimensional figures
  • Pythagorean theorem
  • Measurement of angles in degrees

Data analysis
The topics covered in this section are usually taught under basic algebra or as an introduction to statistics in high school. Here are some of those topics:

  • Basic descriptive statistics
  • Median
  • Mean
  • Mode
  • Standard deviation
  • Range
  • Quartiles
  • Percentiles
  • Interquartile range
  • Interpretation of data – Tables and graphs
  • Bar graphs
  • Line graphs
  • Circle graphs
  • Scatterplots
  • Boxplots
  • Frequency distributions
  • Elementary probability
  • Independent events
  • Compound events
  • Counting methods
  • Permutations
  • Combinations
  • Venn diagrams


Anyone who has finished high school should be able to understand these concepts and apply them to basic analysis.

Most of the math that is included in the Quantitative Reasoning section of the GRE is elementary, covering only those topics that are taught at the high school level. It does not include high-level mathematics like calculus. If you go back and study some of your high school math books, they could become reference guides for your GRE preparation.

Although the level of understanding expected for mathematical concepts is fairly elementary, your skills will be tested to a large extent at times in the section. Understand all the basic concepts thoroughly, and then practice applications in as varied forms as you can. Sample questions and test papers that are available online can help you prepare well. We have also included a few links (at the end of the section) to test questions.

Four Common Types of Quantitative Reasoning Questions



The Quantitative Reasoning Section in the GRE test has four major areas, as discussed earlier. These four areas are further tested in a number of ways to test your skills and expertise in the basics of math. Various types of questions based on different branches of the subject are used to understand your level of quantitative reasoning skills in elementary math.

The Four Types of Questions:




Here is a breakdown of the four different types of questions you will come across in the Quantitative Reasoning Section.
Quantitative comparison questions – In this section, you have to compare two quantities, compute them, and figure out the values for each based on the information provided in the question. These types of questions usually have a standard format for the options. The first two options suggest that one value is greater than the other.The third option states that the quantities are equal. The last option says that it is not possible to find the values with the information provided. If choosing the last option, ensure that you have checked the other options well and are absolutely certain that the problem cannot be solved with the information given.

GO TO FORUM: Quantitative comparison questions



Multiple choice questions – select one option – You will have five choices from which you will have to choose the correct option based on the answer you get by working on the information provided in the question. The advantage here is that you know the answer is one of the five options, which narrows down the possibilities of you going wrong. Scan the options properly before you start working on the question. Doing so will give you a good idea of what the answer might be. If your answer does not match any of the options, check for mistakes in computation and reasoning, then reread the question to see if you have missed any important details.

GO TO FORUM: Multiple choice questions – select one option


Multiple choice questions – select one or more options – These questions also have five options. However, you can choose more than one option in this set of questions. Do not get confused between multiple choice questions. Read them carefully and answer accordingly.Some questions will explicitly tell you or indicate somewhere in the wording as to how many options you can choose. Some questions will keep it open-ended and leave it up to you to decide the number of options to choose. These questions generally relate to averages or a range. Scan the options well as that may give you a good idea of the options you will need to choose. Keep computations simple as these questions are relatively easy to answer.

GO TO FORUM: Multiple choice questions – select one or more options


Numeric entry questions – These types of questions may be a little trickier than the other three and may require more time to solve. There are no options provided, so you have no indicators to compare your answers with. Read the questions carefully, ensure that you enter all the right values during computation, and pay attention to the answer boxes.Some answer boxes will indicate what kind of answer is expected. You may be expected to give the final answer in miles or kilometers, in feet or meters, as an exact answer, or with the decimal point rounded off. Go through the requirements carefully before and after doing your computations to ensure that you have followed the instructions well. Double check your answer before entering.

GO TO FORUM: Numeric entry questions


When preparing for the test, practice answering different types of questions and get to know what kinds of choices are usually given. Become familiar with the format of questions and options so that you do not waste time doing it on the day of the test.


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Quant GRE Question types? (syllabus and format)   [#permalink] 16 Mar 2017, 04:23
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