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QOTD # 29 The atrocities committed during the Second World W

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QOTD # 29 The atrocities committed during the Second World W [#permalink] New post 18 Aug 2016, 07:35
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The atrocities committed during the Second World War by the National Socialists are well known and have been meticulously documented by historians. Far less known, however, are the mass deportations that took place almost two years after the conclusion of the war, this time orchestrated by the Allied governments. In the years after 1945, over 12 million German- speaking citizens of Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, and Poland were dispossessed, packed into trains, and left to fend for themselves in newly defeated and impoverished Germany. What allowed for this mass exile— the largest forced migration in history—was the confluence of political motivations on the part of the key players. The expelling countries of Eastern and Central Europe were especially keen on punishing Germans for the horrors of the war—though, of course, their own German-speaking populations were hardly responsible for Germany’s actions—and on increasing the ethnic homogeneity within their borders. The Allied powers, too, had something to gain. The Soviet Union, intent on capitalizing politically on German’s defeat, aimed to irrevocably undermine relations between Germany and Poland, especially by ceding German territory to Poland and emptying it of its inhabitants. Britain, weary from the war, hoped the resulting mass suffering would reinforce the completeness of Germany’s defeat. And the United States, in turn, was attempting to cozy up to the nations of Eastern and Central Europe in the hopes of keeping them away from Soviet influence.

The result of the deportations, however, was the death of at least 500,000 people and Germany’s acquisition of a homeless population far greater than that of any other industrialized country. The death toll was not far worse, furthermore, only because the Soviets’ ambition to cripple Germany was unsuccessful. Following the war, Germany underwent what is known as its “economic miracle,” which made it possible to house, feed, and employ the mass of exiles. That this episode is practically excised from the history books in some countries, however, is surely corroboration of the platitude that history is written by the victors.
Consider each of the answer choices separately and indicate all that apply.

Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?

  • Some events that occurred during World War II do not appear in history books.
  • The Allied powers included the Soviet Union, Britain, the United States, and Poland.
  • The Allied powers were not entirely unified on political matters.

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
III


Consider each of the answer choices separately and indicate all that apply.

Which of the following, if true, would weaken the claim that the Allied powers had something to gain from the deportations?

  • The United States believed that the Eastern and Central European powers hoped to create more multicultural, ethnically mixed societies.
  • The Soviet Union wanted to profit from post-war trade between Germany and Poland.
  • Britain, weary of the killing during the war, pledged itself to preventing suffering.

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
I,II,and III


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Re: QOTD # 29 The atrocities committed during the Second World W [#permalink] New post 30 Dec 2016, 23:44
answer for the 1st question - 1,2,3
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Re: QOTD # 29 The atrocities committed during the Second World W [#permalink] New post 17 Jan 2017, 05:48
Hello everyone,

Could anyone explain, how is it that all the options are correct for 2nd question...
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Re: QOTD # 29 The atrocities committed during the Second World W [#permalink] New post 17 Jan 2017, 08:40
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The second half of the first paragraph lists the reasons why the Soviet Union, Britain, and the United States, respectively, had something to gain from the deportations. Each of the answer choices above undermines one of these reasons. Note the “if true” in the question stem. You are being asked to momentarily take each answer choice as a fact, and then determine whether that fact would weaken an argument from the passage. “If true” questions can sometimes ask you imagine that wacky or unlikely things are true — don’t let that distract you from the task at hand.

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Re: QOTD # 29 The atrocities committed during the Second World W [#permalink] New post 21 Jan 2017, 03:17
How is the 2nd choice of the second question correct?
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Re: QOTD # 29 The atrocities committed during the Second World W [#permalink] New post 21 Jan 2017, 08:24
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Snehg wrote:
How is the 2nd choice of the second question correct?


Quote:
The Soviet Union, intent on capitalizing politically on German’s defeat, aimed to irrevocably undermine relations between Germany and Poland, especially by ceding German territory to Poland and emptying it of its inhabitants.


The Soviet Union here is stated that the aim was to undermine the relationships between the two countries. II instead says the exact contrary. So. it is also a correct answer choice because weakens what is stated in the passage.

Hope this helps
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Re: QOTD # 29 The atrocities committed during the Second World W [#permalink] New post 04 Jul 2017, 09:24
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Snehg wrote:
How is the 2nd choice of the second question correct?


Here, you should stress all the answers individually seeking a satisfactory rejection or acceptance from the text direcetly.
The consequence of the deportation was the creation of homogenious mass in Germany. Therefore, the first answer would weaken the argument, because deportations can not result homogeneity. For the second answer, you should, as I said, look meticulously in the text. From the first read, you should have known the sentences that needs your attention for the second answer. Since the text says that the deportation undermined the relation between Poland and Germany, the second answer is applicable, because Soviet can not improve trade relations via the undermined deportations. The third answer is the easiest one, because it immedietly weakens the argument.
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Re: QOTD # 29 The atrocities committed during the Second World W [#permalink] New post 16 Oct 2017, 00:09
Why is the first choice of the second question correct ?
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Re: QOTD # 29 The atrocities committed during the Second World W [#permalink] New post 16 Oct 2017, 01:34
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SidharthSingla wrote:
Why is the first choice of the second question correct ?


See my explanation already I gave above this post

qotd-29-the-atrocities-committed-during-the-second-world-w-2488.html#p6378

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Re: QOTD # 29 The atrocities committed during the Second World W   [#permalink] 16 Oct 2017, 01:34
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