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QOTD # 25 Nineteenth century painter Albert Bierstadt’s view

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QOTD # 25 Nineteenth century painter Albert Bierstadt’s view [#permalink] New post 13 Aug 2016, 05:51
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Nineteenth century painter Albert Bierstadt’s view of his artistic skill as a vehicle for self-promotion is was evident in his choices of style and subject matter. From the debut of his career with the exhibition of Lake Lucerne (1856), he developed a fixed style that was most easily recognizable for its size—the largest of the 636 paintings on display at the exhibition, it was over three meters wide. This, coupled with the artist’s ability to represent the optimistic feeling in America during the westward expansion, is what led to Bierstadt’s explosive growth in popularity during the 1860’s. Bierstadt deliberately appealed to those rich patrons—railroad tycoons and financiers—whose nearest substitute to making the arduous journey out West was to purchase a hyperbolized replica of a Western vista. But trends following the Civil War produced a drastic shift away from the adventurous optimism of the pre-war era and toward a more subdued appreciation for the details of American life. In this new social context, the paintings now seemed too decadent, too gaudy, for the new philosophy taking root in the country following the horrors of war. As one commentator in 1866 put it, Bierstadt’s work “may impose upon the senses, but does not affect the heart.” In a sense, then, that same American pride upon which Bierstadt had capitalized to advance his success was now, in its fickleness, the source of his downfall.
According to the passage, the new “philosophy” taking root in America after the Civil War would be best described as

(A) justifiable pessimism
(B) somber realism
(C) restrained minimalism
(D) prideful idealism
(E) stubborn dogmatism

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
B


The passage makes use of the phrase in quotations primarily in order to

(A) challenge a prevailing thesis
(B) point out an erroneous assertion
(C) provide expert testimony
(D) highlight a controversy
(E) offer evidence supporting a claim

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
E


All of the following are mentioned as contributors to Bierstadt’s success EXCEPT:

(A) the dimensions of his paintings
(B) his ability to convey auspicious feelings
(C) subdued appreciation for the details of American life
(D) catering to the preferences of the wealthy
(E) portrayals of exaggerated landscapes

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
C


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Re: QOTD # 25 Nineteenth century painter Albert Bierstadt’s view [#permalink] New post 27 Jul 2017, 02:06
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Can you please explain why is not the answer D the right answer. The question refers to the author's usage of the expression "new philosophy" which, according to the passage, is the second wave of American Idealism.
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Re: QOTD # 25 Nineteenth century painter Albert Bierstadt’s view [#permalink] New post 27 Jul 2017, 02:17
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boxing506 wrote:
Can you please explain why is not the answer D the right answer. The question refers to the author's usage of the expression "new philosophy" which, according to the passage, is the second wave of American Idealism.



Please could you indicate to us which question you are referring to from 1 to 3

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Re: QOTD # 25 Nineteenth century painter Albert Bierstadt’s view [#permalink] New post 26 Sep 2017, 09:05
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boxing506 wrote:
Can you please explain why is not the answer D the right answer. The question refers to the author's usage of the expression "new philosophy" which, according to the passage, is the second wave of American Idealism.



Not a timely answer but it may be useful for others.

If you focus on the passage "But trends following the Civil War produced a drastic shift away from the adventurous optimism of the pre-war era and toward a more subdued appreciation for the details of American life.", this means that there has been a shift from optimism to an "appreciation of the details of American life" so it seems that from dreamers people have become more realistic. Thus, answer B is the right one!
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Re: QOTD # 25 Nineteenth century painter Albert Bierstadt’s view [#permalink] New post 27 Sep 2017, 07:32
Why does C (restrained minimalism) as an answer not work for the first question?
According to me, since his painting was considered "too gaudy, too decadent", implies that there is a shift in the outlook of American people towards a life of minimalism.
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Re: QOTD # 25 Nineteenth century painter Albert Bierstadt’s view [#permalink] New post 27 Sep 2017, 13:27
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Quote:
In this new social context, the paintings now seemed too decadent, too gaudy, for the new philosophy taking root in the country following the horrors of war.


As you can see from the quotation, it has nothing to do with minimalism but rather with something somber or sad/gloomy.

Hope this helps.
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Re: QOTD # 25 Nineteenth century painter Albert Bierstadt’s view [#permalink] New post 23 Oct 2017, 10:25
why cant choice B be the answer for question 3?
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Re: QOTD # 25 Nineteenth century painter Albert Bierstadt’s view [#permalink] New post 23 Oct 2017, 11:41
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This, coupled with the artist’s ability to represent the optimistic feeling in America during the westward expansion, is what led to Bierstadt’s explosive growth in popularity during the 1860’s


B states: his ability to convey auspicious feelings.

B is mentioned in the passage. Therefore, it can not be the correct answer.

hope this helps.
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Re: QOTD # 25 Nineteenth century painter Albert Bierstadt’s view [#permalink] New post 04 Dec 2018, 15:43
why is the answer to 2nd question E. What is the evidence presented by the quoted text?
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Re: QOTD # 25 Nineteenth century painter Albert Bierstadt’s view [#permalink] New post 05 Dec 2018, 13:00
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It is not a difficult one to answer.

if you look at the second part of the passage

[quote]But trends following the Civil War produced a drastic shift away from the adventurous optimism of the pre-war era and toward a more subdued appreciation for the details of American life. In this new social context, the paintings now seemed too decadent, too gaudy, for the new philosophy taking root in the country following the horrors of war. As one commentator in 1866 put it, Bierstadt’s work “may impose upon the senses, but does not affect the heart.” In a sense, then, that same American pride upon which Bierstadt had capitalized to advance his success was now, in its fickleness, the source of his downfall.]/quote]

The sense is that after the civil war the American mood was somehow less blatant and quieter, enjoying more the daily life and small things that are priceless.

His paintings at this point are a bit out of scope because they are too gaudy or flashy.

The quote is to explain just this concept: what before was his fortune now is his own decline.

E is the answer.

Hope now is clear.
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Re: QOTD # 25 Nineteenth century painter Albert Bierstadt’s view   [#permalink] 05 Dec 2018, 13:00
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