Explanation11.

Option C is correct. Avoid the temptation to work this problem in dollars—you can save considerable effort by dealing directly with the percentages. The pie chart for 1994 shows that clubs made up 25% of the total U.S. production, and the table shows that the United States accounted for 62.3% of the total world production; 25% (or \(\frac{1}{4}\)) of 62.3% is 15.575%, which is closest to choice (C), 16%.

12.

Option A is correct. Start by adding the appropriate percentages from the pie chart for 1994: 16% (balls) + 7% (bags) + 3% (gift items) = 26%. Next, find the percentage for the United States total for that year: 26% of $2,691 million is $699.66 million. Finally, find the value in the chart that is nearest

$699.66 million—Japan, at $678 million, is the closest.

13.

Option D is correct. For this problem, be sure to get the correct dollar values from the chart and to use the percent change formula: \(\frac{difference}{original}*100\). Because the increase was from $384 million in 1996 to $457 million in 1998, the difference is $73 million; \(\frac{73}{384}*100\) reduces to 19.01%. The answer is choice (D). If you got choice (C), you may have mistakenly used the ending value, $457 million, in place of the original value.

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Sandy

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