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QOTD #18 In traditional theater forms, the roles of performe

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QOTD #18 In traditional theater forms, the roles of performe [#permalink] New post 22 Jul 2016, 07:59
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In traditional theater forms, the roles of performer and audience are completely separate, so that performance space can be said to encompass an actors’ sphere and a spectators’ sphere. Even when performers move out into the audience or when there is scripted audience interaction, spectators do not become performers. Finally, while stories may open up the imagination or excite audiences, according to Augusto Boal, they discourage political action by providing catharsis. The passive spectator follows the play’s emotional arc and, once the action concludes, finds the issue closed. Boal reminds us that our theater etiquette creates a kind of culture of apathy where individuals do not act communally, despite shared space, and remain distanced from art.

Workshop theater, such as Boal’s Image Theatre and Forum Theatre, is a response to that. In the workshop form, performance space is created for a select group of people, but the performers’ sphere and the audience’s sphere are collapsed: everyone is at once theater maker and witness. In Image Theatre, participants
will come up with a theme or issue and arrange themselves into a tableau that depicts what that issue looks like in society today, versus what the ideal situation would be. They then try to transition from the current image to the ideal image in a way that seems plausible to all the participants. Forum Theatre, on the other hand, creates a narrative skit depicting a certain problem. After the actors have gone through the action of the play once, a facilitator, known as the joker (like the one in a pack of cards), encourages those who have watched the story to watch it again and to stop it at any time to
take the place of the protagonist. The aim is to find a solution to the problem, realizing along the way all of the obstacles involved. In Forum Theatre, just as in Image Theatre, there is not always a solution. The main goal of this form, then, is to engage in the action, to reflect, and to understand particular issues as being part of a larger picture, thus using art to re-cast what seem like private troubles in a public, political light.

The main reason Boal developed these workshop styles was to grant audiences agency so that they may create ways to free themselves of oppression. Because he found theater audiences to be locked into a passive role—just like he found the oppressed coerced into a subservient role in relation to their oppressors—he created the “spect-actor,” or someone who simultaneously witnesses and creates theater.
The second paragraph of the passage serves to

(A) elaborate on the topic of the first paragraph
(B) provide a rationale for an artistic endeavor
(C) discuss an artistic answer to a passive culture
(D) explain the theater’s lack of appeal
(E) evaluate two contrasting styles of theater

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
C


The author uses the word agency to mean

(A) profit
(B) organization
(C) publicity
(D) power
(E) hegemony

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
D


Which of the following would Boal consider a “spect-actor”?

(A) a person who engages in political action
(B) an audience member who finds catharsis in a play
(C) any person placed in a subservient role
(D) any actor
(E) a participant in an Image workshop

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
E



According to Boal, all of the following are disadvantage of traditional theater forms EXCEPT:

(A) Such productions prevent the actors from going into the audience.
(B) Such productions provide catharsis.
(C) Such productions discourage communal activity.
(D) Such productions obstruct political change.
(E) Such productions distance the audience from the art.

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
A


All of the following would be characteristic of a Forum workshop EXCEPT:

(A) Productions begin with a narrative script.
(B) Different people often play the protagonist.
(C) Some performances do not achieve catharsis.
(D) Participants arrange themselves into a tableau.
(E) Performances are guided by a mediator.

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
D


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Re: QOTD #18 In traditional theater forms, the roles of performe [#permalink] New post 27 Jul 2016, 00:42
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Would you please explain Q#1?
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Re: QOTD #18 In traditional theater forms, the roles of performe [#permalink] New post 30 Jul 2016, 04:53
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Tapi wrote:
Would you please explain Q#1?


The second paragraph is in response to a theater form introduced in the first paragraph where an actors’ sphere and a spectators’ sphere are different and spectators’ sphere passive. In second paragraph both actors’ sphere and a spectators’ sphere interact, hence spectators’ sphere active.

The trap answer is choice E, Image Theatre and Forum Theatre are not very different they belong to the same category where actors’ sphere and a spectators’ sphere interact and hence not very contrasting.
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Re: QOTD #18 In traditional theater forms, the roles of performe [#permalink] New post 30 Jul 2016, 05:06
2. "free themselves of oppression" gives the clue that in this context agency mean power hence D

3. "everyone is at once theater maker and witness", hence spectactor is a participant in the workshop. Hence E

4. "Even when performers move out into the audience", clearly say that traditional theater forms does allow performers to move into audience hence A is the answer.

5. Participants arranging themselves into a tableau is characteristics of Image Theatre and not Forum Theatre, hence D
Re: QOTD #18 In traditional theater forms, the roles of performe   [#permalink] 30 Jul 2016, 05:06
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QOTD #18 In traditional theater forms, the roles of performe

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