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Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here. QOTD#18 If j and k are even integers and j < k, which of the  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics
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GRE Prep Club Legend  Joined: 07 Jun 2014
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GRE 1: Q167 V156 WE: Business Development (Energy and Utilities)
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QOTD#18 If j and k are even integers and j < k, which of the [#permalink]
Expert's post 00:00

Question Stats: 43% (01:04) correct 56% (01:10) wrong based on 23 sessions
If j and k are even integers and $$j < k$$, which of the following equals the number of even integers that are greater than j and less than k ?

A. $$\frac{(k -j -2)}{2}$$

B. $$\frac{(k -j -1)}{2}$$

C. $$\frac{(k -j )}{2}$$

D. $$k -j$$

E. $$k -j -1$$

Practice Questions
Question: 15
Page: 206
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Sandy
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Re: QOTD#18 If j and k are even integers and j < k, which of the [#permalink]
1
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Expert's post
Explanation

INPUT-OUTPUT approach.
Let's choose some nice input values of j and k and see what the answer (output) to the question becomes.
Let's try j = 0 and k = 2
So, the number of even integers that are greater than 0 and less than 2 = 0
So, in this case, when we input j = 0 and k = 2, the output (answer to our question) is 0

Now we'll check the answer choices to see which one yields an output of 0, when we plug in j = 0 and k = 2

A. $$\frac{(k -j -2)}{2}$$ we get: (2 - 0 - 2)/2 = 0 KEEP

B. $$\frac{(k -j -1)}{2}$$ we get: (2 - 0 - 1)/2 = 1/2 ELIMINATE

C. $$\frac{(k -j )}{2}$$ we get: (2 - 0 )/2 = 1 ELIMINATE

D. $$k -j$$ we get: 2 - 0 = 2 ELIMINATE

E. $$k -j -1$$ we get: 2 - 0 - 1 = 1 ELIMINATE

[Reveal] Spoiler:
A

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Brent Hanneson – Creator of greenlighttestprep.com Sign up for my free GRE Question of the Day emails Intern Joined: 26 May 2017
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Re: QOTD#18 If j and k are even integers and j < k, which of the [#permalink]
1
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sandy wrote:
If j and k are even integers and j < k, which of the following equals the number of even integers that are greater than j and less than k ?

A. $$\frac{(k -j -2)}{2}$$
B. $$\frac{(k -j -1)}{2}$$
C. $$\frac{(k -j )}{2}$$
D. $$k -j$$
E. $$k -j -1$$

Practice Questions
Question: 15
Page: 206
sandy wrote:
Explanation

Since j and k are even integers, it follows that k = j + 2n for some integer n. Consider the sequence of even integers from j to k.

$$j, j(2)(1), j(2)(2), j(2)(3), ..............j(2)(n-1), j + 2n$$

Note that there are n – 1 integers in the sequence between j and k, and these are the even integers greater than j and less than k. Therefore the answer is n – 1, but the answer must be given in terms of j and k. Since k = j + 2n, you have

$$n= \frac{k-j}{2}$$ and so

$$n-1= \frac{k-j}{2}-1= \frac{(k-j-2)}{2}$$.

Thus the correct answer is Choice A.

Sandy, there will be (j+2n-j)/2 + 1 number of even integers will be there right?,
that will be n+1, how come you have taken n-1 integers, please explain?

even if we take j=2 and k=8,

there will be 2, 4, 6, 8

since j = k+2n

at n = 3 j=2+6=8, here there are 4 numbers are there n+1 = 3+1= 4.

on that case, if we write n+1 interms of j and k. n+1 = (j-k+2)/2, which is not given in answer!,
GRE Prep Club Legend  Joined: 07 Jun 2014
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GRE 1: Q167 V156 WE: Business Development (Energy and Utilities)
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Re: QOTD#18 If j and k are even integers and j < k, which of the [#permalink]
Expert's post
In the series 2, 4, 6, 8 here j=2 and k=8

n= 3 as $$k = j + 2*3$$.

The numbers between 2 and 8 are 4 and 6 or 2 terms.

The reason you get n+1 terms is because you have added the first term (2) and final term (8). That is incorrect!
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Sandy
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Re: QOTD#18 If j and k are even integers and j < k, which of the [#permalink]
There are two formulas that can be used to find the # of values for any arithmetic sequence.

Inclusive:

# values in arithmetic sequence inclusive = [ (last value - first value)/common difference ] + 1

which is the same as

(last value - first value + common difference)/common difference

(k - j + d)/d

(k - j + 2)/2

Exclusive:

# values in arithmetic sequence inclusive = [ (last value - first value)/common difference ] - 1

(last value - first value - common difference)/common difference

(k - j - d)/d

(k - j - 2)/2
Attachments daum_equation_1564678123104.jpg [ 343 KiB | Viewed 573 times ] Re: QOTD#18 If j and k are even integers and j < k, which of the   [#permalink] 01 Aug 2019, 08:58
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