ExplanationQuestion 13. If 50 male members were replaced by 50 female members, there would be 450 male members and 450 female members. The ratio would be 1 to 1.

Hence option A is correct.Question 14. Using the second column of the chart, there are 128 total men and women with 5 children, and you are given 92 women with 5 children. By subtracting, this leaves 36 men with 5 children. To find the total number of men who did not have 5 children, take the total number of all men (500) and subtract the number with 5 children (36). The answer is 464 men who did not have 5 children.

Hence 464 is correct.Question 15. There is not enough information given to answer this question since all, some, or none of the members who hold advanced degrees could also have 5 or more children.

Hence option E is correct.
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Sandy

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