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#### Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here. # P, Q, and R are three points in a plane, and R does not lie  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics
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Founder  Joined: 18 Apr 2015
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P, Q, and R are three points in a plane, and R does not lie [#permalink]
Expert's post 00:00

Question Stats: 96% (01:52) correct 3% (00:00) wrong based on 27 sessions
P, Q, and R are three points in a plane, and R does not lie on line PQ. Which of the following is true about the set of all points in the plane that are the same distance from all three points?

A) It contains no points.
B) It contains one point.
C) It contains two points.
D) It is a line.
E) It is a circle.

Practice Questions
Question: 23
Page: 463
Difficulty: hard
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

_________________
Founder  Joined: 18 Apr 2015
Posts: 7695
Followers: 142

Kudos [?]: 1585 , given: 6981

Re: P, Q, and R are three points in a plane, and R does not lie [#permalink]
Expert's post
Solution

First consider just two of the three points, say P and Q, and the set of points in the plane that are the same distance from them. Clearly the midpoint of line segment PQ is such a point. Are there others? You may recall from geometry that the points on the line that bisects PQ and is perpendicular to PQ are all the points that are equidistant from P and Q. Similarly, the points in the plane that lie on the perpendicular bisector of line segment PR are all the points that are equidistant from points P and R.

Because R does not lie on line PQ, line segments PQ and PR do not lie on the same line, and so their respective perpendicular bisectors are not parallel.
Therefore, you can conclude that the two perpendicular bisectors intersect at a point. The point of intersection is on both perpendicular bisectors, so it is equidistant from P and Q as well as from P and R. Therefore, the point of intersection is equidistant from all three points. Are there any other points that are equidistant from P, Q, and R ? If there were, they would be on both perpendicular bisectors, but in fact only one point lies on both lines.

The answer is $$B$$
_________________ GRE Instructor Joined: 10 Apr 2015
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Re: P, Q, and R are three points in a plane, and R does not lie [#permalink]
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Expert's post
Carcass wrote:
P, Q, and R are three points in a plane, and R does not lie on line PQ. Which of the following is true about the set of all points in the plane that are the same distance from all three points?

A) It contains no points.
B) It contains one point.
C) It contains two points.
D) It is a line.
E) It is a circle.

Practice Questions
Question: 23
Page: 463
Difficulty: hard

Tricky question!!!

I thought I'd create some images to go along with Carcass' solution.

Let's first consider 2 points (P and Q) One obvious point that is equidistant from P and Q is this point... Also recognize that, if we draw two circles of equal radii with their centers at PQ, the 2 points of intersection will also be equidistant from P and Q In fact, all points on this red line are equidistant from P and Q. The red line (as Carcass mentioned above) is the perpendicular bisector of points P and Q. At this point, let's add a 3rd point (R) and draw the perpendicular bisector of points R and P in blue. All points on the blue line will be equidistant from R and P. So, the green point (where the blue line and red line intersect) must be equidistant from R and P, AND it must equidistant from P and Q.
So, that green point must be equidistant from P, Q and R

Since there is only 1 such green point, the correct answer is B.

Cheers,
Brent
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Brent Hanneson – Creator of greenlighttestprep.com Sign up for my free GRE Question of the Day emails Target Test Prep Representative Status: Head GRE Instructor
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Re: P, Q, and R are three points in a plane, and R does not lie [#permalink]
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Expert's post
Carcass wrote:
P, Q, and R are three points in a plane, and R does not lie on line PQ. Which of the following is true about the set of all points in the plane that are the same distance from all three points?

A) It contains no points.
B) It contains one point.
C) It contains two points.
D) It is a line.
E) It is a circle.

If R is not on line PQ, then the three points form the vertices of a triangle. Let’s call it triangle PQR. Since there is only one point that is equidistant (the same distance) from the three vertices of the triangle (and the point is actually called the circumcenter), choice B is the correct answer.

Answer: B
_________________

# Jeffrey Miller

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Jeff@TargetTestPrep.com

See why Target Test Prep is the top rated GRE quant course on GRE Prep Club. Read Our Reviews

Intern Joined: 27 Oct 2018
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Kudos [?]: 15 , given: 27

Re: P, Q, and R are three points in a plane, and R does not lie [#permalink]
Intricate! Can we expect to see such questions on GRE?
Founder  Joined: 18 Apr 2015
Posts: 7695
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Kudos [?]: 1585 , given: 6981

Re: P, Q, and R are three points in a plane, and R does not lie [#permalink]
Expert's post
yes. For sure.

it is an official question from the Official Guide.

Regards
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Re: P, Q, and R are three points in a plane, and R does not lie [#permalink]
GreenlightTestPrep wrote:
Carcass wrote:
P, Q, and R are three points in a plane, and R does not lie on line PQ. Which of the following is true about the set of all points in the plane that are the same distance from all three points?

A) It contains no points.
B) It contains one point.
C) It contains two points.
D) It is a line.
E) It is a circle.

Practice Questions
Question: 23
Page: 463
Difficulty: hard

Tricky question!!!

I thought I'd create some images to go along with Carcass' solution.

Let's first consider 2 points (P and Q) One obvious point that is equidistant from P and Q is this point... Also recognize that, if we draw two circles of equal radii with their centers at PQ, the 2 points of intersection will also be equidistant from P and Q In fact, all points on this red line are equidistant from P and Q. The red line (as Carcass mentioned above) is the perpendicular bisector of points P and Q. At this point, let's add a 3rd point (R) and draw the perpendicular bisector of points R and P in blue. All points on the blue line will be equidistant from R and P. So, the green point (where the blue line and red line intersect) must be equidistant from R and P, AND it must equidistant from P and Q.
So, that green point must be equidistant from P, Q and R

Since there is only 1 such green point, the correct answer is B.

Cheers,
Brent

Why don't we consider opposite side of the line PQ. I mean we can put D Both side of PQ. In that case we have two points. Please explain. Intern Joined: 13 May 2019
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Re: P, Q, and R are three points in a plane, and R does not lie [#permalink]
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Another useful way to think about this problem is to realize that three points determine a circle. We can draw a circle such that points P, Q, and R all lie on the circumference, with the circle's center being the same distance (radius) from all three points. Since the points are not colinear only one such circle is possible. Re: P, Q, and R are three points in a plane, and R does not lie   [#permalink] 09 Aug 2019, 00:11
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