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OG_VPR # 12-13 In 1998 scientists using the neutrino detecto

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OG_VPR # 12-13 In 1998 scientists using the neutrino detecto [#permalink] New post 18 Oct 2016, 06:43
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Question Stats:

100% (03:06) correct 0% (00:00) wrong based on 4 sessions
This passage is adapted from material published in 2001.

In 1998 scientists using the neutrino detector in Kamioka, Japan, were able to observe several thousand neutrinos—elusive, tiny subatomic particles moving at nearly the speed of light and passing through almost everything in their path. The Kamioka find-ings have potentially far-reaching ramifications. They strongly suggest that the neutrino has mass, albeit an infinitesimal amount. Even a tiny mass means that neutrinos would outweigh all the universe’s visible matter, because of their vast numbers. The findings also suggest that a given neutrino does not have one stable mass or one stable identity; instead it oscillates from one identity or “flavor” (physicists’ term describing how neutrinos interact with other particles) to another. This oscillation may explain why, although the Sun is a large source of neutrinos, detectors capture far fewer solar neutrinos than the best theory of solar physics predicts: the neutrinos may be changing to flavors undetectable by detectors. Finally, while the standard particle-physics model—which describes all matter in terms of twelve fundamental particles and four fundamental forces—does not allow for neutrinos with mass, there are theories that do. Further experiments to confirm that neutrinos have mass could help physicists determine which, if any, of these theories is correct
The primary purpose of the passage is to

A) evaluate the merits of a particular theory in light of new evidence
B) discuss scientists’ inability to account for certain unexpected discoveries
C) point out certain shortcomings in a long-standing theory
D) compare several alternative explanations for a particular phenomenon
E) consider some implications of certain scientific findings

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
E


According to the passage, one significant implication of the discovery that neutrinos have mass is that such a discovery would

A) cast doubt on the solar origins of many of the neutrinos that reach Earth
B) help to establish the validity of the standard particle-physics model
C) indicate that most of the visible matter of the universe is composed of neutrinos
D) entail that the total weight of all the visible matter in the universe is less than that of all the neutrinos in the universe
E) mean that the speed with which neutrinos normally move can be slowed by certain types of matter

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
D



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Question: 12/13
Page: 157

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Moderator
Moderator
User avatar
Joined: 18 Apr 2015
Posts: 5152
Followers: 77

Kudos [?]: 1031 [0], given: 4643

CAT Tests
Re: OG_VPR # 12-13 In 1998 scientists using the neutrino detecto [#permalink] New post 18 Oct 2016, 06:44
Expert's post
Explanation

12) The passage discusses the “potentially far-reaching ramifications” of two findings made during an observation of neutrinos: that neutrinos have nonzero mass and that they are capable of changing their flavor. Therefore the correct answer is Choice E.

13) The passage states that “Even a tiny mass [of a neutrino] means that neutrinos would outweigh all the universe’s visible matter, because of their vast numbers.” Therefore the correct answer is Choice D.
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Re: OG_VPR # 12-13 In 1998 scientists using the neutrino detecto   [#permalink] 18 Oct 2016, 06:44
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OG_VPR # 12-13 In 1998 scientists using the neutrino detecto

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