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OG_VPR # 1 In searching for norms in the sense of authoritat

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OG_VPR # 1 In searching for norms in the sense of authoritat [#permalink] New post 29 Sep 2016, 01:40
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Question Stats:

54% (00:40) correct 45% (00:44) wrong based on 72 sessions
In searching for norms in the sense of authoritative standards of what ought to be, rather than in the sense of what is average and thus can be considered normal, normative ethics aims to ________.






Blank i
a) predict
b) mitigate
c) question
d) dictate
e) personalize


[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
D


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Question: 1
Page: 84
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: OG_VPR # 1 In searching for norms in the sense of authoritat [#permalink] New post 29 Sep 2016, 01:41
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Explanation

The sentence defines normative ethics by specifying the sense of the “norms” for which it searches. Since these are authoritative ethical standards, the word that fills the blank must describe the act of establishing those standards. The choice that does this is “dictate.” Of the other choices, “predict” suggests that normative ethics merely attempts to describe future behavior rather than establish what guidelinesshould shape it, while “personalize” suggests a concern with individual circumstances that is not otherwise addressed in the sentence. “Mitigate” (to moderate or alleviate) is likewise incongruent with the rest of the sentence, while “question” does not address normative ethics’ concern with establishing rather than questioning norms. Thus the correct answer is dictate (Choice D).
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Re: OG_VPR # 1 In searching for norms in the sense of authoritat [#permalink] New post 22 Aug 2018, 11:39
This can be at first tackled by eliminating a few words from consideration. According to the sentence, the tone of the normative ethics is dependent upon authoritative standards, not on normal or average standards. So we can remove personalize and mitigate since they are not closely related to the possible answers. Now, since the standards are set by authoritative standards, questioning that would go against its merit so 'question' is also not a plausible answer. Normal or average standards could predict the norms/ethics but it's not the average standards that is the point of reference. So, we bounce to 'predict' as our correct answer. Moreover, the authoritative standard doesn't imply that it's gonna be predictable at any point.

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Re: OG_VPR # 1 In searching for norms in the sense of authoritat   [#permalink] 22 Aug 2018, 11:39
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OG_VPR # 1 In searching for norms in the sense of authoritat

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