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Often the most influential developments initially appear to

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Often the most influential developments initially appear to [#permalink] New post 03 Jun 2017, 01:12
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Often the most influential developments initially appear to be of minor significance. Consider the development of the basic stirrup for example. Without stirrups horse and rider are, in terms of force, separate entities; lances can be used from horseback, but only by throwing or stabbing, and mounted warriors gain only height and mobility. In medieval times, a lance couched under the rider’s arm, unifying the force of rider and weapon, would throw its wielder backwards off the horse at impact. Stirrups unify lance, rider, and horse into a force capable of unprecedented violence. This development left unusually clear archaeological markers: With lethality assured, lances evolved barbs meant to slow progress after impact, lest the weight of body pull rider from horse. The change presaged the dominance of mounted combat, and increasingly expensive equipment destroyed the venerable ideal of freeman warriors. New technology demanded military aristocracy, and chivalric culture bore its marks for a millennium.
The primary purpose of the passage is to

A) discuss the influence of a recent archeological discovery
B) explore the societal significance of a technological innovation
C) assess the state of research in a given field
D) lament the destruction of certain social ideals
E) explicate the physics of combat artillery

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
B


It can be inferred from the passage that the author believes which of the following about innovations in military technology?

A) Their study merits additional research.
B) They had more lasting influence than did those of the ancient world.
C) Most of them had equally far-reaching repercussions.
D) Prior to their application, the military value of horses was considered insignificant.
E) Many of them are archaeologically ambiguous.

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
E


Select the sentence in the passage in which the author cites the physical effects of a technological innovation being discussed as an example of a previous generalization.

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
Stirrups unify lance, rider, and horse into a force capable of unprecedented violence.


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Re: Often the most influential developments initially appear to [#permalink] New post 25 Oct 2017, 21:33
can anyone explain why E is the answer for 2nd question?
thank you
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Re: Often the most influential developments initially appear to [#permalink] New post 26 Oct 2017, 01:34
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Quote:
This development left unusually clear archaeological markers: With lethality assured, lances evolved barbs meant to slow progress after impact, lest the weight of body pull rider from horse



Hope this helps.
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Re: Often the most influential developments initially appear to [#permalink] New post 20 Mar 2020, 16:35
Can someone please explain the answer to question three? Primarily what the question meant by "an example of a previous generalization".
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Re: Often the most influential developments initially appear to [#permalink] New post 20 Mar 2020, 17:04
Expert's post
Without stirrups horse and rider are, in terms of force, separate entities; lances can be used from horseback, but only by throwing or stabbing, and mounted warriors gain only height and mobility.

The generalization in the passage

In medieval times, a lance couched under the rider’s arm, unifying the force of rider and weapon, would throw its wielder backwards off the horse at impact.

An example that shows you the innovation stirrup-related


Stirrups unify lance, rider, and horse into a force capable of unprecedented violence

The phrase that is meant to show you the effect directly related to the example above

Hope this helps
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Re: Often the most influential developments initially appear to [#permalink] New post 24 Mar 2020, 19:22
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Carcass wrote:
Without stirrups horse and rider are, in terms of force, separate entities; lances can be used from horseback, but only by throwing or stabbing, and mounted warriors gain only height and mobility.

The generalization in the passage

In medieval times, a lance couched under the rider’s arm, unifying the force of rider and weapon, would throw its wielder backwards off the horse at impact.

An example that shows you the innovation stirrup-related


Stirrups unify lance, rider, and horse into a force capable of unprecedented violence

The phrase that is meant to show you the effect directly related to the example above

Hope this helps


Thanks yes it does.
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Re: Often the most influential developments initially appear to [#permalink] New post 16 Sep 2020, 18:24
Carcass wrote:
Quote:
This development left unusually clear archaeological markers: With lethality assured, lances evolved barbs meant to slow progress after impact, lest the weight of body pull rider from horse



Hope this helps.


I'm a little confused about this question. Doesn't ambiguous mean not clear?
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Re: Often the most influential developments initially appear to [#permalink] New post 17 Sep 2020, 11:12
Carcass wrote:
Without stirrups horse and rider are, in terms of force, separate entities; lances can be used from horseback, but only by throwing or stabbing, and mounted warriors gain only height and mobility.

The generalization in the passage

In medieval times, a lance couched under the rider’s arm, unifying the force of rider and weapon, would throw its wielder backwards off the horse at impact.

An example that shows you the innovation stirrup-related


Stirrups unify lance, rider, and horse into a force capable of unprecedented violence

The phrase that is meant to show you the effect directly related to the example above

Hope this helps


thanks!
Re: Often the most influential developments initially appear to   [#permalink] 17 Sep 2020, 11:12
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