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Of Homer's two epic poems, the Odyssey has always been more

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Of Homer's two epic poems, the Odyssey has always been more [#permalink] New post 09 Mar 2019, 02:50
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Of Homer's two epic poems, the Odyssey has always been more popular than the Iliad, perhaps because it includes more features of mythology that are accessible to readers. Its subject (to use Maynard Mack's categories) is "life-as-spectacle," for readers, diverted by its various incidents, observe its hero Odysseus primarily from without; the tragic Iliad, however, presents "life-experience": readers are asked to identify with the mind of Achilles, whose motivations render him a not particularly likable hero. In addition, the Iliad, more than the Odyssey, suggests the complexity of the gods' involvement in human actions, and to the extent that modern readers find this complexity a needless complication, the Iliad is less satisfying than the Odyssey, with its simpler scheme of divine justice. Finally, since the Iliad presents a historically verifiable action, Troy's siege, the poem raises historical questions that are absent from the Odyssey's blithely imaginative world.
17. The author uses Mack's "categories" most probably in order to

(A) argue that the Iliad should replace the Odyssey as the more popular poem
(B) indicate Mack's importance as a commentator on the Iliad and the Odyssey
(C) suggest one way in which the Iliad and the Odyssey can be distinguished
(D) point out some of the difficulties faced by readers of the Iliad and the Odyssey
(E) demonstrate that the Iliad and the Odyssey can best be distinguished by comparing their respective heroes

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
C


18. The author suggests that the variety of incidents in the Odyssey is likely to deter the reader from.

(A) concentrating on the poem's mythological features
(B) concentrating on the psychological states of the poem's central character
(C) accepting the explanations that have been offered for the poem's popularity
(D) accepting the poem's scheme of divine justice
(E) accepting Maynard Mack's theory that the poem's subject is "life-as-spectacle"

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
B


19. The passage is primarily concerned with

(A) distinguishing arguments
(B) applying classifications
(C) initiating a debate
(D) resolving a dispute
(E) developing a contrast

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
E


20. It can be inferred from the passage that a reader of the Iliad is likely to have trouble identifying with the poem's hero for which of the following reasons?

(A) The hero is eventually revealed to be unheroic.
(B) The hero can be observed by the reader only from without.
(C) The hero's psychology is not historically verifiable.
(D) The hero's emotions often do not seem appealing to the reader.
(E) The hero's emotions are not sufficiently various to engage the reader's attention

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
D


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Re: Of Homer's two epic poems, the Odyssey has always been more [#permalink] New post 20 Mar 2019, 06:59
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17. Two of Mack's categories are "life-as-spectacle," and "life-experience." The Odyssey represents the former and the Iliad the latter, and this is given as a reason for why the Odyssey is more popular. In any case, their separate categories distinguish them, making C the best answer.

18. In the Odyssey, readers are "diverted by its various incidents," which contrasts with the Iliad, in which readers "identify with the mind of Achilles, whose motivations render him a not particularly likable hero." Our glimpse into the psychological state of the main character, then, is presented as a negative. The fact that we are diverted from such a glimpse in the Odyssey is a positive.

19. The author is trying to explain why the Odyssey is more popular than the Iliad. The author does this by focusing on the differences in the poems, developing a clear contrast between them.

20. Remember what is said about the glimpse we get into Achilles' mind: "readers are asked to identify with the mind of Achilles, whose motivations render him a not particularly likable hero." So we see inside Achilles' head, and we don't like what we see there. His emotions are not appealing to us as readers.
Re: Of Homer's two epic poems, the Odyssey has always been more   [#permalink] 20 Mar 2019, 06:59
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