How about we look at the problem from a totally different perspective? We've been told that np < 0. Thus, one must be negative and one positive. In quantity A, the two of them are being added. This means the negative will actually be subtracted from the positive, so whatever results will be smaller than whichever had the larger absolute value. Trying numbers will illustrate. Imagine p = 4 and n = 10. Thus, quantity A would be 4 + 10, which is 6. If we pick p = 12 and n = 3, quantity A would be 12  3, which is 9. Either way, the answer is smaller than the bigger one.
For quantity B, however, we're going to get something bigger than the one with absolute value, since we're actually adding the absolute value of the smaller one to the absolute value of the larger one. If we use the same numbers we did before, 4 and 10, we get 14, which is larger than quantity A's value, which would be 6. If we use our second set of numbers, 12, and 3, we get 15, which is also larger than quantity A's value of 9. No matter what numbers we pick, quantity B will always be bigger, so the answer is B. Hope that helped.
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