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#### Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here. # N is a 2-digit integer. When the digits of N are reversed,  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics
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TAGS: GRE Instructor Joined: 10 Apr 2015
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Kudos [?]: 1456  , given: 8

N is a 2-digit integer. When the digits of N are reversed, [#permalink]
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Expert's post 00:00

Question Stats: 90% (01:14) correct 9% (02:03) wrong based on 22 sessions
N is a 2-digit integer. When the digits of N are reversed, the resulting number is M. If the sum of N’s digits is 15, and -1 < N - M < 15, what is the value of N?

[Reveal] Spoiler:
87

_________________

Brent Hanneson – Creator of greenlighttestprep.com Sign up for our free GRE Question of the Day emails GRE Instructor Joined: 10 Apr 2015
Posts: 1530
Followers: 55

Kudos [?]: 1456  , given: 8

Re: N is a 2-digit integer. When the digits of N are reversed, [#permalink]
1
KUDOS
Expert's post
GreenlightTestPrep wrote:
N is a 2-digit integer. When the digits of N are reversed, the resulting number is M. If the sum of N’s digits is 15, and -1 < N - M < 15, what is the value of N?

[Reveal] Spoiler:
87

GIVEN: N is a 2-digit integer. When the digits of N are reversed, the resulting number is M. -1 < N – M < 15
Let x = the tens digit of N
Let y = the units digit of N
So, the VALUE of N = 10x + y

When we reverse the digits, we get M = yx
So, the VALUE of M = 10y + x

So, N - M = (10x + y) - (10y + x)
= 9x - 9y
= 9(x - y)
In other words, N - M = some multiple of 9

We're told that -1 < N – M < 15
There are exactly two multiples of 9 between -1 and 15. They are 0 and 9.
So EITHER N – M = 0 OR N – M = 9

Let's examine each case:
CASE A: If N - M = 0, then 9(x - y) = 0, which means x - y = 0, which means x = y
CASE B: If N - M = 9, then 9(x - y) = 9, which means x - y = 1, which means x = y + 1

GIVEN: the sum of N’s digits is 15
In other words, x + y = 15
If x and y are INTEGERS, and if x + y = 15, then x cannot equal y
This rules out CASE A, which means CASE B must be true. That is, x = y + 1
We now have two equations:
x + y = 15
x = y + 1

When we solve the system, we get: x = 7 and y = 8
So, N = 78

Cheers,
Brent
_________________

Brent Hanneson – Creator of greenlighttestprep.com Sign up for our free GRE Question of the Day emails

Intern Joined: 12 Jul 2018
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Kudos [?]: 0 , given: 0

Re: N is a 2-digit integer. When the digits of N are reversed, [#permalink]
The provided answer is wrong. It should be 87. Intern Joined: 09 Jul 2018
Posts: 10
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Kudos [?]: 7  , given: 0

Re: N is a 2-digit integer. When the digits of N are reversed, [#permalink]
1
KUDOS
GreenlightTestPrep wrote:
N is a 2-digit integer. When the digits of N are reversed, the resulting number is M. If the sum of N’s digits is 15, and -1 < N - M < 15, what is the value of N?

[Reveal] Spoiler:
87

So we know that n = ab where ab are integers representing a two digit integer. We also know that the sum of the digits for n equal 15 so that mean that a + b = 15. We need to find a value of n that when n - m is between -1 and 15.

Lets try $$a=9$$ and $$b=6$$ in which case $$n = 96$$ and $$m = 69$$:
$$96 - 69 = 27$$ which is greater than 15 so no go

Lets try $$a=8$$ and $$b=7$$ in which case $$n = 87$$ and $$m = 78$$:
$$87 - 78 = 9$$ which is greater than -1 and less than 15.

The answer is $$n = 87$$ Re: N is a 2-digit integer. When the digits of N are reversed,   [#permalink] 18 Jul 2018, 18:39
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