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Most television viewers estimate how frequently a particular

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Most television viewers estimate how frequently a particular [#permalink] New post 13 Feb 2019, 13:10
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Most television viewers estimate how frequently a particular type of accident or crime occurs by how extensively it is discussed on television news shows. Television news shows report more on stories that include dramatic pictures such as fires and motor vehicle accidents than they do on more common stories that have little visual drama such as bookkeeping fraud.

If the statements above are true, it can be properly concluded that which of the following is also true?

(A) The time that television news reporters spend researching news stories is directly related to the number of viewers who will be affected by events like those in the news stories.
(B) It is easier for crimes such as bookkeeping fraud to go unprosecuted than it is for crimes such as arson.
(C) The number of fires and motor vehicle accidents greatly increases after each television n~ws show that includes dramatic pictures of a fire or motor vehicle accident.
(D) Viewers of television news shows tend to overestimate the number of fires and motor vehicle accidents that occur relative to the number of crimes of bookkeeping fraud.
(E) The usual selection of news stories for television news shows is determined by the number of news reporters available for assignment.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Most television viewers estimate how frequently a particular [#permalink] New post 23 Feb 2019, 20:27
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(A) Nothing at all is said about how many viewers are likely to be affected by fires, accidents, or fraud. So this conclusion can't be justified.

(B) This may well be true, possibly supported by the given statements, but we have to make too many unwarranted assumptions. There is no reason to conclude that media coverage affects prosecution of crimes.

(C) This doesn't make sense at all. Why would news media cause fires or accidents? The statements give us no indication that this is so.

(D) This is all but directly claimed by the statements. Because people see arson and accidents on the news more frequently, they assume that arson and accidents must occur more frequently. The first sentence tells us this explicitly.

(E) The number of news reporters is not mentioned at all, so we can't make any assumptions about it.
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Re: Most television viewers estimate how frequently a particular [#permalink] New post 09 Jun 2020, 11:19
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(A) The time that television news reporters spend researching news stories is directly related to the number of viewers who will be affected by events like those in the news stories.
The argument doesn't say about the time news reporters take. We have to extrapolate a statement that makes sense and can be taken from the above.
(B) It is easier for crimes such as bookkeeping fraud to go unprosecuted than it is for crimes such as arson.
While it maybe true in reality but we cannot say for certain if that is the case.
(C) The number of fires and motor vehicle accidents greatly increases after each television n~ws show that includes dramatic pictures of a fire or motor vehicle accident.
Nowhere it is mentioned nor we can extrapolate about that. Just showing these incidents doesn't increase the likelihood of these incidents per se.
(D) Viewers of television news shows tend to overestimate the number of fires and motor vehicle accidents that occur relative to the number of crimes of bookkeeping fraud.
Since the amount of time they spend on the news channel to see these events, it is likely that they see that these are the events that occur more, and hence they overestimate the same.
(E) The usual selection of news stories for television news shows is determined by the number of news reporters available for assignment.
Again, no relation with argument.
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Re: Most television viewers estimate how frequently a particular [#permalink] New post 21 Nov 2020, 08:42
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In logic and mathematics, necessity and sufficiency are terms used to describe a conditional or implicational relationship between two statements. In this example, "Most television viewers estimate how frequently a particular type of accident or crime occurs" is Q and is the necessary condition which is also called the consequent term, and "how extensively it is discussed on television news shows" is P, a sufficient condition which is also called antecedent. The problem told that: "the statements above are true, which means that the conditional statement is a true argument. Therefore, from the "truth table" we understand that Q should be true and in compatible with P; that is to say: "television viewers estimate(how frequently=extensively) a particular type of accident or crime that occurs, because according to the passage: "Television news shows report more on stories that include dramatic pictures, so P is extensive; thus, Q should be extensive as well.
This is another way of solving the problem, using the logic of conditional statements, which is helpful as a general way for such questions. see more in the "truth table."
Re: Most television viewers estimate how frequently a particular   [#permalink] 21 Nov 2020, 08:42
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