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Mechanisms develop whereby every successful species

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Director
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Mechanisms develop whereby every successful species [#permalink] New post 22 Feb 2016, 05:10
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Question Stats:

45% (00:41) correct 54% (00:49) wrong based on 37 sessions
Mechanisms develop whereby every successful species can __________ its innate capacity for population growth with the constraints that arise through its interactions with the natural environment.

A enhance
B replace
C produce
D surpass
E reconcile

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Question: 13
Page: 323
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Director
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Joined: 16 May 2014
Posts: 594
GRE 1: Q165 V161
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Kudos [?]: 435 [0], given: 64

Re: Mechanisms develop whereby every successful species [#permalink] New post 22 Feb 2016, 05:14
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Explanation


A quick overview of the sentence indicates that the blank should be filled with a verb that indicates what a successful species does with its “innate capacity for population growth” in the face of certain constraints on that growth. This analysis suggests that the correct answer will have something to do with adjusting that capacity in the face of these constraints. Of the choices given, “reconcile” is closest to that meaning. None of the other options make for a meaningful, coherent sentence. “Enhance,” for example, may fit nicely with “its innate capacity,” but it does not make sense with “constraints.”
Thus, the correct answer is reconcile (Choice E).
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Re: Mechanisms develop whereby every successful species [#permalink] New post 29 Jul 2018, 07:45
soumya1989 wrote:

Explanation


A quick overview of the sentence indicates that the blank should be filled with a verb that indicates what a successful species does with its “innate capacity for population growth” in the face of certain constraints on that growth. This analysis suggests that the correct answer will have something to do with adjusting that capacity in the face of these constraints. Of the choices given, “reconcile” is closest to that meaning. None of the other options make for a meaningful, coherent sentence. “Enhance,” for example, may fit nicely with “its innate capacity,” but it does not make sense with “constraints.”
Thus, the correct answer is reconcile (Choice E).


What about (D) surpass? Successful species can surpass their innate capacity with constraints. Word "successful" before species mean they were successful in overcoming the constraints. Please clarify.
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Re: Mechanisms develop whereby every successful species [#permalink] New post 29 Jul 2018, 12:27
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Surpass is when to catch up something and move over.

Not only that, the sense of the entire sentence is like the following.

A certain species having both X AND Y (x and y are referring to certain characteristics that it has or holds at the same time) and the same species RECONCILE (reconcile means compound, unite) then at that point the mechanisms develop.

As such, surpass is wrong for the reason above.

Hope this helps.

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Re: Mechanisms develop whereby every successful species   [#permalink] 29 Jul 2018, 12:27
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