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Martha invited 4 friends to go with her to the movies. There
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30 May 2019, 11:21
1
Expert Reply
Martha invited 4 friends to go with her to the movies. There are 120 different ways in which they can sit together in a row of 5 seats, one person per seat. In how many of those ways is Martha sitting in the middle seat?
Re: Martha invited 4 friends to go with her to the movies. There
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31 May 2019, 04:33
2
Expert Reply
Carcass wrote:
Martha invited 4 friends to go with her to the movies. There are 120 different ways in which they can sit together in a row of 5 seats, one person per seat. In how many of those ways is Martha sitting in the middle seat?
Math Review Question: 7 Page: 297 Difficulty: medium
Take the task of seating the 5 people and break it into stages.
We’ll begin with the most restrictive stage.
Stage 1: Select someone to sit in the MIDDLE seat Since we're told Martha MUST sit in the middle seat, we must place her in that seat. So, we can complete stage 1 in 1 way
Stage 2: Select someone to sit in seat #1 There are 4 people remaining to be seated, so we can complete this stage in 4 ways
Stage 3: Select someone to sit in seat #2 There are 3 people remaining to be seated, so we can complete this stage in 3 ways
Stage 4: Select someone to sit in seat #4 There are 2 people remaining to be seated, so we can complete this stage in 2 ways
Stage 5: Select someone to sit in seat #5 There is 1 person remaining to be seated, so we can complete this stage in 1 way
By the Fundamental Counting Principle (FCP), we can complete all 5 stages (and thus seat all 5 people) in (1)(4)(3)(2)(1) ways (= 24 ways)
Answer: 24
Note: the FCP can be used to solve the MAJORITY of counting questions on the GMAT. So, be sure to learn
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Re: Martha invited 4 friends to go with her to the movies. There
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04 Oct 2019, 11:16
Carcass wrote:
Martha invited 4 friends to go with her to the movies. There are 120 different ways in which they can sit together in a row of 5 seats, one person per seat. In how many of those ways is Martha sitting in the middle seat?
Re: Martha invited 4 friends to go with her to the movies. There
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13 Oct 2019, 09:13
1
Asmakan wrote:
Carcass wrote:
Martha invited 4 friends to go with her to the movies. There are 120 different ways in which they can sit together in a row of 5 seats, one person per seat. In how many of those ways is Martha sitting in the middle seat?