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In the figure above, circle O is inscribed in equilateral tr [#permalink]
Expert's post 00:00

Question Stats: 70% (03:24) correct 30% (01:53) wrong based on 10 sessions
Attachment: GRE In the figure above, circle O.jpg [ 19.25 KiB | Viewed 301 times ]

In the figure above, circle O is inscribed in equilateral triangle ABC. If the area of ABC is $$24 \sqrt{3}$$, what is the area of circle O?

A. $$2 \pi \sqrt{3}$$

B. $$4 \pi$$

C. $$4 \pi \sqrt{3}$$

D. $$8 \pi$$

E. $$12 \pi$$

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[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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GRE Prep Club Members of the Month: Each member of the month will get three months free access of GRE Prep Club tests. Manager  Joined: 02 May 2020
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Re: In the figure above, circle O is inscribed in equilateral tr [#permalink]
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Let length of red line be r and length of blue line be R (note that AO=OC) and let length of side be a.

Area of equilateral triangle = (a*a*√3)/4 = 24√3
=> a = 4√6

Now, Ares of triangle can also be written as (1/2)*(AD)*(BC) = 24√3
=> R + r = 6√2
=> R = 6√2 - r
=> R^2 = (6√2)^2 + r^2 - 2*r*6√2
=> R^2 = 72 + r^2 - 12r√2 ............. (1)

Now, in triangle ODC
OD^2 + DC^2 = OC^2
=> r^2 + (2√6)^2 = R^2
Now replace value of R^2 from equation (1)
=> r^2 + 24 = 72 + r^2 - 12r√2
=> 12r√2 = 72 - 24 = 48
=> r = 4/√2 = 2√2
=> area = pi*2√2*2√2
=> area = 8*pi

Attachments GRE In the figure above, circle O.jpg [ 12.98 KiB | Viewed 258 times ] GRE Instructor Joined: 10 Apr 2015
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Re: In the figure above, circle O is inscribed in equilateral tr [#permalink]
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Expert's post
Carcass wrote:
Attachment:
GRE In the figure above, circle O.jpg

In the figure above, circle O is inscribed in equilateral triangle ABC. If the area of ABC is $$24 \sqrt{3}$$, what is the area of circle O?

A. $$2 \pi \sqrt{3}$$

B. $$4 \pi$$

C. $$4 \pi \sqrt{3}$$

D. $$8 \pi$$

E. $$12 \pi$$

If $$s$$ the side length of an equilateral triangle, then the area of the equilateral triangle $$= \frac{s^2\sqrt{3}}{4}$$

Given: The area of ABC is $$24 \sqrt{3}$$

So we can write: $$\frac{s^2\sqrt{3}}{4} = 24 \sqrt{3}$$

Divide both sides of the equation by $$\sqrt{3}$$ to get: $$\frac{s^2}{4} = 24$$

Multiply both sides of the equation by $$4$$ to get: $$s^2 = 96$$

This means $$s = \sqrt{96} = 4\sqrt{6}$$

Since each point of tangency must divide each side into two equal lengths, we get the following From here, draw a line from the center of the circle to the point of tangency, and draw a line from the center to one vertex as follows: Notice that we have a right triangle, because one of the circle properties tells us that a tangent line is perpendicular to the radius at the point of tangency.

Since we have a special 30-60-90 right triangle, we can compare it to the base 30-60-90 right triangle Since we have similar triangles, the ratios of corresponding sides will be equal.
We can write: 2√6/√3 = x/1
Simplify both sides to get 2√2 = x

This means the RADIUS = 2√2

Area of circle = πr² = π(2√2)² = π(2√2)(2√2) = 8π

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If you enjoy my solutions, you'll like my GRE prep course. Founder  Joined: 18 Apr 2015
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Re: In the figure above, circle O is inscribed in equilateral tr [#permalink]
Expert's post
Wowwwwwww for both explanations _________________

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Re: In the figure above, circle O is inscribed in equilateral tr [#permalink]
@GreenlightTestPrep Nice explanation sir, it's much simpler.
GRE Instructor Joined: 10 Apr 2015
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Kudos [?]: 4246 , given: 67

Re: In the figure above, circle O is inscribed in equilateral tr [#permalink]
Expert's post
rishabhrbs96 wrote:
@GreenlightTestPrep Nice explanation sir, it's much simpler.

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If you enjoy my solutions, you'll like my GRE prep course.  Re: In the figure above, circle O is inscribed in equilateral tr   [#permalink] 29 Jul 2020, 12:22
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