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# In the early years of television, Vladimir Zworykin was cons

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In the early years of television, Vladimir Zworykin was cons [#permalink]  25 Oct 2017, 11:23
Expert's post
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Question Stats:

63% (07:31) correct 36% (04:58) wrong based on 22 sessions

In the early years of television, Vladimir Zworykin was considered the device's inventor, at least publicly. His loudest champion was his boss David Sarnoff, the president of RCA and the “father of television,” as he was and is widely regarded. Modern historians agree that Philo Farnsworth, a self-educated prodigy who was the first to transmit live images, was television's technical inventor. But Farnsworth's contributions have gone relatively unnoticed, since it was Sarnoff, not Farnsworth, who put televisions into living rooms and, even more important, who successfully borrowed from the radio industry the paradigm of advertiser-funded programming, a paradigm still dominant today. In contrast, Farnsworth lacked business savvy and was unable to realize his dream of television as an educational tool.

Perhaps Sarnoff simply adapted his business ideas from other industries such as newspapers, replacing the revenue from subscriptions and newsstand purchases with that of television set sales, but Sarnoff promoted himself as a visionary. Some critics argue that Sarnoff's construct has damaged programming content. Others contend that it merely created a democratic platform allowing audiences to choose the programming they desire.
The primary purpose of the passage is to

(A) correct public misconception about Farnsworth's role in developing early television programs
(B) debate the influence of television on popular culture
(C) challenge the current public perception of Vladimir Zworykin
(D) chronicle the events that led from the development of radio to the invention of the television
(E) describe Sarnoff's influence on the public perception of television's inception, and debate the impact of Sarnoff's paradigm

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
E

It can be inferred from the second paragraph of the passage that

(A) television shows produced by David Sarnoff and Vladimir Zworykin tended to earn negative reviews
(B) educational programs cannot draw as large an audience as sports programs
(C) a number of critics feel that Sarnoff's initial decision to earn television revenue through advertising has had a positive or neutral impact on content
(D) educational programs that are aired in prime time, the hours during which the greatest number of viewers are watching television, are less likely to earn a profit than those that are aired during the daytime hours
(E) in matters of programming, the audience's preferences should be more influential than those of the advertisers

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
C

According to the passage, the television industry earned revenue from

(B) advertising and the sale of television sets
(D) subscriptions and the sale of television sets
(E) advertising, subscriptions, and the sale of television sets

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
B

Select the sentence that provides factual evidence that Sarnoff's talents were more imitative than innovative.

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
His loudest champion was his boss David Sarnoff, the president of RCA and the “father of television,” as he was and is widely regarded. Modern historians agree that Philo Farnsworth, a self-educated prodigy who was the first to transmit live images, was television's technical inventor. But Farnsworth's contributions have gone relatively unnoticed, since it was Sarnoff, not Farnsworth, who put televisions into living rooms and, even more important, who successfully borrowed from the radio industry the paradigm of advertiser-funded programming, a paradigm still dominant today

Which of the following statements is supported by the passage?

Indicate $$all$$ that apply.

A) The advertising-funded model of television has damaged programming content.
B) The contributions of television's technical inventor were overshadowed by the actions of those who popularized the medium.
C) There is no way to definitively prove who invented the first television.

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
B

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Re: In the early years of television, Vladimir Zworykin was cons [#permalink]  05 Sep 2018, 00:51
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Will anyone elaborate last question answer?. I think first sentence of last question is also true.
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Re: In the early years of television, Vladimir Zworykin was cons [#permalink]  05 Sep 2018, 06:29
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Can someone help me with the Q4 and Q5?

Q4) Why can't the answer for this question be "Perhaps Sarnoff simply adapted his business ideas from other industries such as newspapers, replacing the revenue from subscriptions and newsstand purchases with that of television set sales, but Sarnoff promoted himself as a visionary." as the question inquires for a sentence that provides factual evidence that Sarnoff's talents were more imitative than innovative.

Q5) How is statement (B) identified as a statement supported by the passage?
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Re: In the early years of television, Vladimir Zworykin was cons [#permalink]  06 Sep 2018, 15:00
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Q4)

To be honest, I would choose exactly the same phrase as you did. Moreover, I never see an official question in which you have to select a sentence from the passage so long. Usually, it is shortest. I do think the OA is becsue the phrase you cited is indeed NOT a factual evidence but rather examples to support the phrase give as official answer

Q5)

OE
Quote:
The first paragraph indicates that Farnsworth was the technical inventor of television. That paragraph also says that Farnsworth's contributions have gone relatively unnoticed since it was Sarnoff who put televisions into living rooms.

Even here the OA is debatable. The only possible explanation is that Sarnoff is the reference in the phrase above

those who popularized the medium. Who=Sarnoff. Quite blurry, even though.

This is a good example how official Material is the north star for the test. period.

Hope this helps.

Regards
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Re: In the early years of television, Vladimir Zworykin was cons [#permalink]  24 Mar 2020, 19:20
Can i get help for question 2? The second paragraph has not mention of how content was viewed.
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Re: In the early years of television, Vladimir Zworykin was cons [#permalink]  24 Mar 2020, 20:03
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It can be inferred from the second paragraph of the passage that
=> Its an inference question, so lets look at each option

(A) television shows produced by David Sarnoff and Vladimir Zworykin tended to earn negative reviews
- out of scope: nowhere is this mentioned

(B) educational programs cannot draw as large an audience as sports programs
- out of scope: nowhere is this mentioned

(C) a number of critics feel that Sarnoff's initial decision to earn television revenue through advertising has had a positive or neutral impact on content
- In second paragraph, we have reactions from critics - -ve & +ve reaction
-ve reaction: Some critics argue that Sarnoff's construct has damaged programming content.
+ve reaction: Others contend that it merely created a democratic platform allowing audiences to choose the programming they desire.
This seems decent enough, but lets keep it and look at other options

(D) educational programs that are aired in prime time, the hours during which the greatest number of viewers are watching television, are less likely to earn a profit than those that are aired during the daytime hours
=> again out of scope: nowhere is this mentioned

(E) in matters of programming, the audience's preferences should be more influential than those of the advertisers
=> again out of scope: neither audience preference nor comparison with advertisers is mentioned in the passage.

So even with POE (in this case incorrect options were clearly different) we arrive at the same result. Hope it makes sense, else let me know.
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Re: In the early years of television, Vladimir Zworykin was cons [#permalink]  25 Mar 2020, 16:35
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luffy wrote:
It can be inferred from the second paragraph of the passage that
=> Its an inference question, so lets look at each option

(A) television shows produced by David Sarnoff and Vladimir Zworykin tended to earn negative reviews
- out of scope: nowhere is this mentioned

(B) educational programs cannot draw as large an audience as sports programs
- out of scope: nowhere is this mentioned

(C) a number of critics feel that Sarnoff's initial decision to earn television revenue through advertising has had a positive or neutral impact on content
- In second paragraph, we have reactions from critics - -ve & +ve reaction
-ve reaction: Some critics argue that Sarnoff's construct has damaged programming content.
+ve reaction: Others contend that it merely created a democratic platform allowing audiences to choose the programming they desire.
This seems decent enough, but lets keep it and look at other options

(D) educational programs that are aired in prime time, the hours during which the greatest number of viewers are watching television, are less likely to earn a profit than those that are aired during the daytime hours
=> again out of scope: nowhere is this mentioned

(E) in matters of programming, the audience's preferences should be more influential than those of the advertisers
=> again out of scope: neither audience preference nor comparison with advertisers is mentioned in the passage.

So even with POE (in this case incorrect options were clearly different) we arrive at the same result. Hope it makes sense, else let me know.

Thanks, that was a really good explanation.
Re: In the early years of television, Vladimir Zworykin was cons   [#permalink] 25 Mar 2020, 16:35
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