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In Gilavia, the number of reported workplace

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In Gilavia, the number of reported workplace [#permalink] New post 03 Apr 2016, 06:21
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In Gilavia, the number of reported workplace injuries has declined 16 percent in the last five years. However, perhaps part of the decline results from injuries going unreported: many employers have introduced safety-incentive programs, such as prize drawings for which only employees who have a perfect work-safety record are eligible. Since a workplace injury would disqualify an employee from such programs, some employees might be concealing injury, when it is feasible to do so.

Which of the following, if true in Gilavia, most strongly supports the proposed explanation?

A In the last five years, there has been no decline in the number of workplace injuries leading to immediate admission to a hospital emergency room.
B Employers generally have to pay financial compensation to employees who suffer work-related injuries.
C Many injuries that happen on the job are injuries that would be impossible to conceal and yet would not be severe enough to require any change to either the employee’s work schedule or the employee’s job responsibilities.
D A continuing shift in employment patterns has led to a decline in the percentage of the workforce that is employed in the dangerous occupations in which workplace injuries are likely.
E Employers who have instituted safety-incentive programs do not in general have a lower proportion of reported workplace injuries among their employees than do employers without such programs.


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Re: In Gilavia, the number of reported workplace [#permalink] New post 03 Apr 2016, 06:24
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Explanation

The question asks what would support the claim that the decline in reported workplace injuries in Gilavia may be the result of incentives for workers to not report those injuries that they can conceal. If the number of injuries that cannot be concealed — such as injuries requiring immediate emergency care — has not declined in the same period, that could help bolster the claim that the decline in overall reported injuries may be a result of concealable injuries going unreported rather than an actual decline in workplace injuries in general, so Choice A is correct.

If employers have to provide financial compensation to employees injured on the job, employees would have an incentive to report injuries. More reported injuries would not support the author’s argument, making Choice B incorrect. Choice C is incorrect because the fact that some injuries that cannot be concealed do not result in lost time or changed responsibilities has nothing to do with whether concealable injuries are going unreported. While a decline in dangerous occupations could well result in a decrease in workplace injuries, this fact would challenge the author’s argument, not support it, so Choice D is incorrect. Similarly, if employers with safety incentive programs do not see any drop in reported injuries compared to employers without such programs, the author’s argument would be weakened, not supported, making Choice E incorrect.
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Re: In Gilavia, the number of reported workplace [#permalink] New post 04 Apr 2016, 22:51
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Declined by 16% since last five years! Great
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Re: In Gilavia, the number of reported workplace [#permalink] New post 20 Jan 2018, 06:22
what should I do to get access to all small duration tests
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Re: In Gilavia, the number of reported workplace [#permalink] New post 20 Jan 2018, 07:24
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what should I do to get access to all small duration tests

Answer genuine posts here. After 30 posts you get automatic access to test.

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Re: In Gilavia, the number of reported workplace [#permalink] New post 16 May 2020, 13:02
I need another explanation for this answer please. I selected option B because conclusion is addressing the "conceal" part which is not discussed in option A
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Last edited by Farina on 17 May 2020, 02:17, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: In Gilavia, the number of reported workplace [#permalink] New post 16 May 2020, 15:02
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In Gilavia, the number of reported workplace injuries has declined 16 percent in the last five years. However, perhaps part of the decline results from injuries going unreported: many employers have introduced safety-incentive programs, such as prize drawings for which only employees who have a perfect work-safety record are eligible. Since a workplace injury would disqualify an employee from such programs, some employees might be concealing injury, when it is feasible to do so.

Which of the following, if true in Gilavia, most strongly supports the proposed explanation?

A In the last five years, there has been no decline in the number of workplace injuries leading to immediate admission to a hospital emergency room.
B Employers generally have to pay financial compensation to employees who suffer work-related injuries.
C Many injuries that happen on the job are injuries that would be impossible to conceal and yet would not be severe enough to require any change to either the employee’s work schedule or the employee’s job responsibilities.
D A continuing shift in employment patterns has led to a decline in the percentage of the workforce that is employed in the dangerous occupations in which workplace injuries are likely.
E Employers who have instituted safety-incentive programs do not in general have a lower proportion of reported workplace injuries among their employees than do employers without such programs.


Basically the argument says that the injuries are under-reporting because otherwise, the business will not have its check. safety-incentive programs

We need a fact-check that says this is not true. The injuries are MORE in numbers than what is reported.

A say just this

there has been no decline in the number of workplace injuries leading to immediate admission to a hospital emergency room.

The ER for instance says there are 100 and we report 10 injuries. So what the argument is saying is false and A reinforce this argument

The other options are out of scope If you look at them you will notice most immediately

Hope this helps

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Re: In Gilavia, the number of reported workplace [#permalink] New post 12 Jun 2020, 04:53
The argument can be summarized as:

- The reason for the dropped around 16% of the reported injuries is that the "perfect work-safety program" established by some companies encourages workers to not report some injuries suffered in the work.

We need an option that strengthens the argument:

Option A says that the number of injuries requiring hospitalization has remained at the same value in the last years.

Since the number of hospitalizations is a percentage of the total injuries, this means that this total has also remained in the same value for the last years.
Re: In Gilavia, the number of reported workplace   [#permalink] 12 Jun 2020, 04:53
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