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In Gilavia, the number of reported workplace

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CEO
CEO
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Joined: 07 Jun 2014
Posts: 2853
GRE 1: 323 Q167 V156
WE: Business Development (Energy and Utilities)
Followers: 48

Kudos [?]: 796 [0], given: 134

In Gilavia, the number of reported workplace [#permalink] New post 03 Apr 2016, 06:21
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C
D
E

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In Gilavia, the number of reported workplace injuries has declined 16 percent in the last five years. However, perhaps part of the decline results from injuries going unreported: many employers have introduced safety-incentive programs, such as prize drawings for which only employees who have a perfect work-safety record are eligible. Since a workplace injury would disqualify an employee from such programs, some employees might be concealing injury, when it is feasible to do so.

21. Which of the following, if true in Gilavia, most strongly supports the proposed explanation?
A In the last five years, there has been no decline in the number of workplace injuries leading to immediate admission to a hospital emergency room.
B Employers generally have to pay financial compensation to employees who suffer work-related injuries.
C Many injuries that happen on the job are injuries that would be impossible to conceal and yet would not be severe enough to require any change to either the employee’s work schedule or the employee’s job responsibilities.
D A continuing shift in employment patterns has led to a decline in the percentage of the workforce that is employed in the dangerous occupations in which workplace injuries are likely.
E Employers who have instituted safety-incentive programs do not in general have a lower proportion of reported workplace injuries among their employees than do employers without such programs.


Practice Questions
Question: 21
Page: 443
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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CEO
CEO
User avatar
Joined: 07 Jun 2014
Posts: 2853
GRE 1: 323 Q167 V156
WE: Business Development (Energy and Utilities)
Followers: 48

Kudos [?]: 796 [1] , given: 134

Re: In Gilavia, the number of reported workplace [#permalink] New post 03 Apr 2016, 06:24
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Explanation

The question asks what would support the claim that the decline in reported workplace injuries in Gilavia may be the result of incentives for workers to not report those injuries that they can conceal. If the number of injuries that cannot be concealed — such as injuries requiring immediate emergency care — has not declined in the same period, that could help bolster the claim that the decline in overall reported injuries may be a result of concealable injuries going unreported rather than an actual decline in workplace injuries in general, so Choice A is correct.

If employers have to provide financial compensation to employees injured on the job, employees would have an incentive to report injuries. More reported injuries would not support the author’s argument, making Choice B incorrect. Choice C is incorrect because the fact that some injuries that cannot be concealed do not result in lost time or changed responsibilities has nothing to do with whether concealable injuries are going unreported. While a decline in dangerous occupations could well result in a decrease in workplace injuries, this fact would challenge the author’s argument, not support it, so Choice D is incorrect. Similarly, if employers with safety incentive programs do not see any drop in reported injuries compared to employers without such programs, the author’s argument would be weakened, not supported, making Choice E incorrect.
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Re: In Gilavia, the number of reported workplace [#permalink] New post 04 Apr 2016, 22:51
Declined by 16% since last five years! Great
Re: In Gilavia, the number of reported workplace   [#permalink] 04 Apr 2016, 22:51
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In Gilavia, the number of reported workplace

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