It is currently 19 Feb 2020, 21:03
My Tests

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

In eighteenth-century France and England, r

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:
Founder
Founder
User avatar
Joined: 18 Apr 2015
Posts: 9659
Followers: 199

Kudos [?]: 2366 [0], given: 9164

CAT Tests
In eighteenth-century France and England, r [#permalink] New post 11 Aug 2019, 10:53
Expert's post
00:00

Question Stats:

30% (05:57) correct 69% (07:33) wrong based on 13 sessions
In eighteenth-century France and England, reformers rallied around egalitarian ideals, but few reformers advocated higher education for women. Although the public decried women’s lack of education, it did not encourage learning for its own sake for women. In spite of the general prejudice against learned women, there was one place where women could exhibit their erudition: the literary salon. Many writers have defined the woman’s role in the salon as that of an intelligent hostess, but the salon had more than a social function for women. It was an informal university, too, where women exchanged ideas with educated persons, read their own works and heard those of others, and received and gave criticism.

In the 1750’s, when salons were firmly established in France, some English women, who called themselves “Bluestocking,” followed the example of the salonnieres (French salon hostesses) and formed their own salons. Most Bluestockings did not wish to mirror the salonnieres; they simply desired to adapt a proven formula to their own purpose—the elevation of women’s status through moral and intellectual training. Differences in social orientation and background can account perhaps for differences in the nature of French and English salons. The French salon incorporated aristocratic attitudes that exalted courtly pleasure and emphasized artistic accomplishments. The English Bluestockings, originating from a more modest background, emphasized learning and work over pleasure. Accustomed to the regimented life of court circles, salonnieres tended toward formality in their salons. The English women, though somewhat puritanical, were more casual in their approach.

At first, the Bluestockings did imitate the salonnieres by including men in their circles. However, as they gained cohesion, the Bluestockings came to regard themselves as a women’s group and to possess a sense of female solidarity lacking in the salonnieres, who remained isolated from one another by the primacy each held in her own salon. In an atmosphere of mutual support, the Bluestockings went beyond the salon experience. They traveled, studied, worked, wrote for publication, and by their activities challenged the stereotype of the passive woman. Although the salonnieres were aware of sexual inequality, the narrow boundaries of their world kept their intellectual pursuits within conventional limits. Many salonnieres, in fact, camouflaged their nontraditional activities behind the role of hostess and deferred to men in public.

Though the Bluestockings were trailblazers when compared with the salonnieres, they were not feminists. They were too traditional, too hemmed in by their generation to demand social and political rights. Nonetheless, in their desire for education, their willingness to go beyond the confines of the salon in pursuing their interests, and their championing of unity among women, the Bluestockings began the process of questioning women’s role in society.
17. Which of the following best states the central idea of the passage?

(A) The establishment of literary salons was a response to reformers' demands for social rights for women.
(B) Literary salons were originally intended to be a meeting ground for intellectuals of both sexes, but eventually became social gatherings with little educational value.
(C) In England, as in France, the general prejudice against higher education for women limited women's function in literary salons to a primarily social one.
(D) The literary salons provided a sounding board for French and English women who called for access to all the educational institutions in their societies on an equal basis with men.
(E) For women, who did not have access to higher education as men did, literary salons provided an alternate route to learning and a challenge to some of society'S basic assumptions about women.

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
E


18. According to the passage, a significant distinction between the salonnieres and Bluestockings was in the way each group regarded which of the following?

(A) The value of acquiring knowledge
(B) The role of pleasure in the activities of the literary salon
(C) The desirability of a complete break with societal traditions'
(D) The inclusion of women of different backgrounds in the salons
(E) The attainment of full social and political equality with men

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
B


19. The author refers to differences in social background between salonnieres and Bluestockings in order to do which of the following?

(A) Criticize the view that their choices of activities were significantly influenced by male salon members
(B) Discuss the reasons why literary salons in France were established before those in England
(C) Question the importance of the Bluestockings in shaping public attitudes toward educated women
(D) Refute the argument that the French salons had little influence over the direction the English salons took
(E) Explain the differences in atmosphere and style in their salons

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
E


20. Which of the following statements is most compatible with the principles of the salonnieres as described in the passage?

(A) Women should aspire to be not only educated but independent as well.
(B) The duty of the educated woman is to provide an active political model for less educated women.
(C) Devotion to pleasure and art is justified in itself.
(D) Substance, rather than form, is the most important consideration in holding a literary salon.
(E) Men should be excluded from groups of women's rights supporters.

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
C


21. The passage suggests that the Bluestockings might have had a more significant impact on society if it had not been for which of the following?

(A) Competitiveness among their salons
(B) Their emphasis on individualism
(C) The limited scope of their activities
(D) Their acceptance of the French salon as a model for their own salons
(E) Their unwillingness to defy aggressively the conventions of their age

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
E


22. Which of the following could best be considered a twentieth-century counterpart of an eighteenth-century literary salon as it is described in the passage?

(A) A social sorority
(B) A community center
(C) A lecture course on art
(D) A humanities study group
(E) An association of moral reformers

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
D


23. To an assertion that Bluestockings were feminists, the author would most probably respond with which of the following?

(A) Admitted uncertainty
(B) Qualified disagreement
(C) Unquestioning approval
(D) Complete indifference
(E) Strong disparagement

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
B


24. Which of the following titles best describes the content of the passage?

(A) Eighteenth-Century Egalitarianism
(B) Feminists of the Eighteenth Century
(C) Eighteenth-Century Precursors of Feminism
(D) Intellectual Life in the Eighteenth Century
(E) Female Education Reform in the Eighteenth Century

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
C


_________________

Need Practice? 20 Free GRE Quant Tests available for free with 20 Kudos
GRE Prep Club Members of the Month: Each member of the month will get three months free access of GRE Prep Club tests.

VP
VP
Joined: 20 Apr 2016
Posts: 1125
WE: Engineering (Energy and Utilities)
Followers: 18

Kudos [?]: 1034 [0], given: 231

CAT Tests
Re: In eighteenth-century France and England, r [#permalink] New post 14 Oct 2019, 07:19
Help for ques 21, plz
_________________

If you found this post useful, please let me know by pressing the Kudos Button


Rules for Posting

Got 20 Kudos? You can get Free GRE Prep Club Tests

GRE Prep Club Members of the Month:TOP 10 members of the month with highest kudos receive access to 3 months GRE Prep Club tests

1 KUDOS received
Founder
Founder
User avatar
Joined: 18 Apr 2015
Posts: 9659
Followers: 199

Kudos [?]: 2366 [1] , given: 9164

CAT Tests
Re: In eighteenth-century France and England, r [#permalink] New post 14 Oct 2019, 08:43
1
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
Quote:
In the 1750’s, when salons were firmly established in France, some English women, who called themselves “Bluestocking,” followed the example of the salonnieres (French salon hostesses) and formed their own salons. Most Bluestockings did not wish to mirror the salonnieres; they simply desired to adapt a proven formula to their own purpose—the elevation of women’s status through moral and intellectual training. Differences in social orientation and background can account perhaps for differences in the nature of French and English salons. The French salon incorporated aristocratic attitudes that exalted courtly pleasure and emphasized artistic accomplishments. The English Bluestockings, originating from a more modest background, emphasized learning and work over pleasure. Accustomed to the regimented life of court circles, salonnieres tended toward formality in their salons. The English women, though somewhat puritanical, were more casual in their approach.


21. The passage suggests that the Bluestockings might have had a more significant impact on society if it had not been for which of the following?

Basically this question is a weaken question or put this way : IF x would happen we would have Y result but indeed we did not because of X did not happen for a different scenario

(A) Competitiveness among their salons

Above no competitors or competitiveness is mentioned

(B) Their emphasis on individualism

Individualism is not mentioned

(C) The limited scope of their activities

Nothing about the customers and their number

(D) Their acceptance of the French salon as a model for their own salons

No. They adapted the formula. Nothing talks about acceptance

(E) Their unwillingness to defy aggressively the conventions of their age

If they did so maybe they had had more success. Basically they had a low profile. Not so many rich people attended their saloons.
Correct

Hope now is clear.
_________________

Need Practice? 20 Free GRE Quant Tests available for free with 20 Kudos
GRE Prep Club Members of the Month: Each member of the month will get three months free access of GRE Prep Club tests.

Manager
Manager
Joined: 09 Jan 2020
Posts: 56
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 40

CAT Tests
Re: In eighteenth-century France and England, r [#permalink] New post 12 Feb 2020, 21:26
I got all correct, except for q22. Can someone help me with q22? I was wavering between 2 options but ended up choosing B, which is wrong. Why not "community center?"
1 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
Joined: 09 Jan 2020
Posts: 56
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 6 [1] , given: 40

CAT Tests
Re: In eighteenth-century France and England, r [#permalink] New post 12 Feb 2020, 21:33
1
This post received
KUDOS
pranab01 wrote:
Help for ques 21, plz


The following is the exact reason why they could have been more impactful

"Though the Bluestockings were trailblazers when compared with the salonnieres, they were not feminists. They were too traditional, too hemmed in by their generation to demand social and political rights."

Because they were too confined and conformed to social orders, therefore, they did not demand more than just a simple equality in education. They could have demanded social & political rights, which will deepen their impact
1 KUDOS received
Moderator
Moderator
User avatar
Joined: 03 Dec 2019
Posts: 163
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 130 [1] , given: 35

CAT Tests
Re: In eighteenth-century France and England, r [#permalink] New post 14 Feb 2020, 04:42
1
This post received
KUDOS
mind wrote:
I got all correct, except for q22. Can someone help me with q22? I was wavering between 2 options but ended up choosing B, which is wrong. Why not "community center?"



Community center is a place where people go and mingle with others and socialize usually for some special events. The author mentioned in the first paragraph that salons were like informal universities where people would exchange ideas with other educated people. That is what you would normally find in a study group.
Manager
Manager
Joined: 09 Jan 2020
Posts: 56
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 40

CAT Tests
Re: In eighteenth-century France and England, r [#permalink] New post 14 Feb 2020, 19:50
theBrahmaTiger wrote:
mind wrote:
I got all correct, except for q22. Can someone help me with q22? I was wavering between 2 options but ended up choosing B, which is wrong. Why not "community center?"



Community center is a place where people go and mingle with others and socialize usually for some special events. The author mentioned in the first paragraph that salons were like informal universities where people would exchange ideas with other educated people. That is what you would normally find in a study group.


Great explanation, thanks. Good to know more about the community centers' purposes
Re: In eighteenth-century France and England, r   [#permalink] 14 Feb 2020, 19:50
Display posts from previous: Sort by

In eighteenth-century France and England, r

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GRE Prep Club Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GRE Prep Club Rules| Contact

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group

Kindly note that the GRE® test is a registered trademark of the Educational Testing Service®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by ETS®.