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In an attempt to discover the cause of malaria, a deadly inf

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In an attempt to discover the cause of malaria, a deadly inf [#permalink] New post 18 Jul 2018, 08:43
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In an attempt to discover the cause of malaria, a deadly infectious disease common in tropical areas, early European settlers in Hong Kong attributed the malady to poisonous gases supposed to be emanating from low-lying swampland. Malaria, in fact, translates from the Italian as “bad air.” In the 1880s, however, doctors determined that Anopheles mosquitoes were responsible for transmitting the disease to humans. The female of the species can carry a parasitic protozoan that is passed on to unsuspecting humans when a mosquito feasts on a person’s blood.

What functions do the two statements in boldface fulfill with respect to the argument presented above?

(A) The first follows from a mistaken conclusion about a topic in question; the second explicates the correct explanation of that topic.
(B) The first provides an initial conjecture; the second presents evidence that contradicts that conjecture.
(C) The first serves to illuminate a contested assumption; the second offers confirmation of that assumption.
(D) The first identifies the cause of an erroneous conclusion; the second develops a premise to support the correct conclusion.
(E) The first provides detail about the original, and incorrect, school of thought; the second ,provides the judgment later found to be true.

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[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: In an attempt to discover the cause of malaria, a deadly inf [#permalink] New post 23 Jul 2018, 06:05
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Carcass wrote:
In an attempt to discover the cause of malaria, a deadly infectious disease common in tropical areas, early European settlers in Hong Kong attributed the malady to poisonous gases supposed to be emanating from low-lying swampland. Malaria, in fact, translates from the Italian as “bad air.” In the 1880s, however, doctors determined that Anopheles mosquitoes were responsible for transmitting the disease to humans. The female of the species can carry a parasitic protozoan that is passed on to unsuspecting humans when a mosquito feasts on a person’s blood.

What functions do the two statements in boldface fulfill with respect to the argument presented above?

(A) The first follows from a mistaken conclusion about a topic in question; the second explicates the correct explanation of that topic.
(B) The first provides an initial conjecture; the second presents evidence that contradicts that conjecture.
(C) The first serves to illuminate a contested assumption; the second offers confirmation of that assumption.
(D) The first identifies the cause of an erroneous conclusion; the second develops a premise to support the correct conclusion.
(E) The first provides detail about the original, and incorrect, school of thought; the second ,provides the judgment later found to be true.

Kudos for R.A.E


Struck between A and D..finally chosen D.

Official solution plz..
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Re: In an attempt to discover the cause of malaria, a deadly inf [#permalink] New post 23 Jul 2018, 08:49
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In an attempt to discover the cause of malaria, a deadly infectious disease common in tropical areas, early European settlers in Hong Kong attributed the malady to poisonous gases supposed to be emanating from low-lying swampland. Malaria, in fact, translates from the Italian as “bad air.” In the 1880s, however, doctors determined that Anopheles mosquitoes were responsible for transmitting the disease to humans. The female of the species can carry a parasitic protozoan that is passed on to unsuspecting humans when a mosquito feasts on a person’s blood.


(A) The first follows from a mistaken conclusion about a topic in question; the second explicates the correct explanation of that topic.

Erroneously the thought the gasses were responsible for malaria BUT actually, the real reason to explain the disease is an insect

(D) The first identifies the cause of an erroneous conclusion; the second develops a premise to support the correct conclusion.

The first part of D more or less says the same thing the first part of A says. However, the second part does not develop a premise BUT is actually a real explanation for the cause. it is a conclusion per se. One step identified not a two steps process.

Hope this helps to catch the real essence of the question above.

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Re: In an attempt to discover the cause of malaria, a deadly inf [#permalink] New post 20 Aug 2018, 17:04
why not B, using similar analogy as A?
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Re: In an attempt to discover the cause of malaria, a deadly inf [#permalink] New post 24 Aug 2018, 18:01
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msk0657 wrote:
Carcass wrote:
In an attempt to discover the cause of malaria, a deadly infectious disease common in tropical areas, early European settlers in Hong Kong attributed the malady to poisonous gases supposed to be emanating from low-lying swampland. Malaria, in fact, translates from the Italian as “bad air.” In the 1880s, however, doctors determined that Anopheles mosquitoes were responsible for transmitting the disease to humans. The female of the species can carry a parasitic protozoan that is passed on to unsuspecting humans when a mosquito feasts on a person’s blood.

What functions do the two statements in boldface fulfill with respect to the argument presented above?

(A) The first follows from a mistaken conclusion about a topic in question; the second explicates the correct explanation of that topic.
(B) The first provides an initial conjecture; the second presents evidence that contradicts that conjecture.
(C) The first serves to illuminate a contested assumption; the second offers confirmation of that assumption.
(D) The first identifies the cause of an erroneous conclusion; the second develops a premise to support the correct conclusion.
(E) The first provides detail about the original, and incorrect, school of thought; the second ,provides the judgment later found to be true.

Kudos for R.A.E


Struck between A and D..finally chosen D.

Official solution plz..


D can't remotely be the answer, since the first statement is not the cause of an erroneous conclusion.
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Re: In an attempt to discover the cause of malaria, a deadly inf [#permalink] New post 26 Oct 2018, 10:29
What's wrong with E? Wasn't the latter sentence later found to be true? Any thoughts anyone?
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Re: In an attempt to discover the cause of malaria, a deadly inf [#permalink] New post 03 Nov 2018, 12:14
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early European settlers in Hong Kong attributed the malady to poisonous gases supposed to be emanating from low-lying swampland. Malaria, in fact, translates from the Italian as “bad air.

The first bold part is not a description of case-scenario based on the notions of a school of thought BUT is in fact a conclusion.

We thought that malaria was poisonous gases whilst it is a deadly disease transmitted by a mosquito.

Hope this helps now.

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Re: In an attempt to discover the cause of malaria, a deadly inf [#permalink] New post 08 Nov 2018, 09:14
why not c?

Anyone can explain?
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Re: In an attempt to discover the cause of malaria, a deadly inf [#permalink] New post 08 Nov 2018, 21:52
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Sawant91 wrote:
why not c?

Anyone can explain?


The argument does not included any contesting claims.
For example a contested claim may be like "Malaria was thought to be caused by bad air by a particular group. Another group differed from this opinion by ... "

This argument is like "Malaria was thought to be caused by bad air. Later they found out that it is because of mosquitoes".
It is just facts presented here. Nothing is contested here. Therefore C DOES NOT FIT.
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Re: In an attempt to discover the cause of malaria, a deadly inf [#permalink] New post 08 Nov 2018, 22:27
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yashgre2020 wrote:
why not B, using similar analogy as A?


It just doesn't provide evidence, its a clear explanation of the evidence given in the preceding sentence.
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Re: In an attempt to discover the cause of malaria, a deadly inf [#permalink] New post 12 Nov 2018, 13:33
parseltongue wrote:
msk0657 wrote:
Carcass wrote:
In an attempt to discover the cause of malaria, a deadly infectious disease common in tropical areas, early European settlers in Hong Kong attributed the malady to poisonous gases supposed to be emanating from low-lying swampland. Malaria, in fact, translates from the Italian as “bad air.” In the 1880s, however, doctors determined that Anopheles mosquitoes were responsible for transmitting the disease to humans. The female of the species can carry a parasitic protozoan that is passed on to unsuspecting humans when a mosquito feasts on a person’s blood.

What functions do the two statements in boldface fulfill with respect to the argument presented above?

(A) The first follows from a mistaken conclusion about a topic in question; the second explicates the correct explanation of that topic.
(B) The first provides an initial conjecture; the second presents evidence that contradicts that conjecture.
(C) The first serves to illuminate a contested assumption; the second offers confirmation of that assumption.
(D) The first identifies the cause of an erroneous conclusion; the second develops a premise to support the correct conclusion.
(E) The first provides detail about the original, and incorrect, school of thought; the second ,provides the judgment later found to be true.

Kudos for R.A.E


Struck between A and D..finally chosen D.

Official solution plz..


D can't remotely be the answer, since the first statement is not the cause of an erroneous conclusion.


I also picked D because I thought that since Malaria was from the Latin, it identifies the cause of the erroneously concluded that it was the bad air from the swamp that was making people sick.
Re: In an attempt to discover the cause of malaria, a deadly inf   [#permalink] 12 Nov 2018, 13:33
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