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In 1798 Thomas Malthus wrote "An Essay on the Principle of P

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In 1798 Thomas Malthus wrote "An Essay on the Principle of P [#permalink] New post 22 Apr 2017, 08:06
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52% (01:46) correct 47% (01:31) wrong based on 21 sessions


For the following question, consider each of the choices separately and select all that apply.


In 1798 Thomas Malthus wrote "An Essay on the Principle of Population," in which he postulates that food supply never can keep pace with the rate of increase in human population. Increase the supply of food, Malthus argues, and population will rise to meet this increase. This, he asserts, means that the race between population and resources can never be truly won by any sociocultural system.Therefore, some measure of social inequality is inevitable in all human societies.

Which of the following statements. if true, would tend to undermine Malthus's argument?

❑ The rate of population increase has begun to decline in Northern Europe, but the food supply has not diminished.

❑ In many nations, the increase in human population has far outstripped the food-producing capacity.

❑ Human population growth may be limited by the use of contraception.

❑ For many ethnic and religious groups. artificial control of conception is morally unacceptable.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: In 1798 Thomas Malthus wrote "An Essay on the Principle of P [#permalink] New post 24 Apr 2017, 00:26
why is C also correct?
when the argument says that social inequalities are required and wee need to undermine it,how can C do that work of weakening? Is the use of contraception not a social inequality and is therefore strengthening the argument here?
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Re: In 1798 Thomas Malthus wrote "An Essay on the Principle of P [#permalink] New post 24 Apr 2017, 00:50
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Hi,

what you are going to undermine here is the link between the food supply and the increase in human population. Indeed, you have to undermine the pace between these two factors.

Quote:
The statement that -The rate of population increase has begun to decline in Northern Europe, but the food supply has not diminished- weak-ens Malthus's postulate that food supply cannot keep pace with the rate of increase of human population.Likewise, if the human population growth may be limited by the use of contraception,- then it is possible that increasing the supply of food might not necessarily be followed by an increase in human population.


Notice how this question is incomplete, lacking one answer choice at least and increase of human is wrong: you must use the preposition in not of.

Hope this helps.

Note: from this, you can infer how is really difficult to find GRE worth material, even from renewable books such as Barron.
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Re: In 1798 Thomas Malthus wrote "An Essay on the Principle of P [#permalink] New post 02 Dec 2018, 10:04
What's wrong with B?
Quote:
In many nations, the increase in human population has far outstripped the food-producing capacity.


Doesn't this talk about food not being enough for the population?
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Re: In 1798 Thomas Malthus wrote "An Essay on the Principle of P [#permalink] New post 03 Dec 2018, 13:47
I don't understand how option C is related to the question? That was the first one I eliminated because it was 'out of scope' for this paragraph.
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Re: In 1798 Thomas Malthus wrote "An Essay on the Principle of P [#permalink] New post 03 Dec 2018, 14:12
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Actually what Malthus wrote in his essay (the essay was truly written by the Economist Malthus back in 1798) is that the population on earth and its increase rate will outstrip the resources of this planet.

Now, This, he asserts, means that the race between population and resources can never be truly won by any sociocultural system

You can weaken the argument through A and C, in a way in which the population do not outstrip the natural resources.

However, this is a good question unless in a different format I.E it is not critical reasoning you will see during the real exam. You will not have multiple answer choices to pick one or more.

I would suggest on this very interesting argument an amazing video essay about the last movie by DC Comics/Marvel Infinity war and Malthus


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Re: In 1798 Thomas Malthus wrote "An Essay on the Principle of P   [#permalink] 03 Dec 2018, 14:12
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In 1798 Thomas Malthus wrote "An Essay on the Principle of P

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