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Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here. If x2 - y2 = 0 and xy 0, which of the following MUST be true  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics
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TAGS: GRE Prep Club Legend  Joined: 07 Jun 2014
Posts: 4810
GRE 1: Q167 V156 WE: Business Development (Energy and Utilities)
Followers: 118

Kudos [?]: 1897  , given: 397

If x2 - y2 = 0 and xy 0, which of the following MUST be true [#permalink]
1
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Expert's post 00:00

Question Stats: 35% (00:57) correct 65% (00:27) wrong based on 20 sessions
If $$x^2 - y^2 = 0$$ and $$xy \neq 0$$, which of the following MUST be true?
Indicate all such statements.

A. x = y
B. |x| = |y|
C. $$\frac{x^2}{y^2}=1$$
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA Intern Joined: 02 May 2018
Posts: 45
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 28  , given: 18

Re: If x2 - y2 = 0 and xy 0, which of the following MUST be true [#permalink]
1
KUDOS
The answers are B and C.

Let's go through each answer one by one.

A. x=y
At first glance, this answer looks correct for the equation $$x^2 - y^2=0$$. However, we have to keep in mind that any number, positive or negative, when squared, is positive. Because the only restriction is that $$xy > 0$$, this means that either x or y could be positive while the other is a negative.

For example,

When x and y are both 5, then $$5^2 - 5^2 = 0$$. However, if x=-5 and y=5, $$(-5)^2 - 5^2 = 0$$

So A is false.

B. |x| = |y|
Using the last example, we can see that this is true. |-5| = |5|
The same goes for any combination of numbers.

B is true.

C. $$\frac{x^2}{y^2}=0$$
Following up from A, we already know that any number, positive or negative squared stays positive. If both numbers when squared, subtracted from each other are zero, then one number over the other will always be 1.

Example.
$$\frac{-5^2}{5^2}$$ = 0
and $$\frac{5^2}{5^2}$$ = 0

C is true.
Intern Joined: 26 May 2018
Posts: 37
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 5 , given: 2

Re: If x2 - y2 = 0 and xy 0, which of the following MUST be true [#permalink]
Good one!
GRE Prep Club Legend  Joined: 07 Jun 2014
Posts: 4810
GRE 1: Q167 V156 WE: Business Development (Energy and Utilities)
Followers: 118

Kudos [?]: 1897 , given: 397

If x2 – y2 = 0 and xy ≠ 0, which of the following must be tr [#permalink]
Expert's post
If $$x^2$$ – $$y^2$$ = 0 and $$xy \neq 0$$, which of the following must be true?

Indicate all such statements.

A. $$x = y$$
B. $$|x| = |y|$$
C. $$\frac{x^2}{y^2}= 1$$
_________________

Sandy
If you found this post useful, please let me know by pressing the Kudos Button

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GRE Prep Club Legend  Joined: 07 Jun 2014
Posts: 4810
GRE 1: Q167 V156 WE: Business Development (Energy and Utilities)
Followers: 118

Kudos [?]: 1897 , given: 397

Re: If x2 – y2 = 0 and xy ≠ 0, which of the following must be tr [#permalink]
Expert's post
Explanation

Since $$x^2 - y^2 = 0$$, add $$y^2$$ to both sides to get $$x^2 = y^2$$. It might look as though x = y, but this is not necessarily the case. For example, x could be 2 and y could be –2.

Algebraically, taking the square root of both sides of x2 = y2 does not yield x = y, but rather |x| = |y|. Thus, the 1st statement is not necessarily true and the 2nd statement is true. The 3rd statement is also true and can be generated algebraically:

$$x^2 - y^2 = 0$$
$$x^2 = y^2$$
$$\frac{x^2}{y^2}= 1$$.
_________________

Sandy
If you found this post useful, please let me know by pressing the Kudos Button

Try our free Online GRE Test Manager  Joined: 06 Jun 2018
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Kudos [?]: 59  , given: 0

Re: If x2 - y2 = 0 and xy 0, which of the following MUST be true [#permalink]
1
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sandy wrote:
If $$x^2 - y^2 = 0$$ and $$xy \neq 0$$, which of the following MUST be true?
Indicate all such statements.

A. x = y
B. |x| = |y|
C. $$\frac{x^2}{y^2}=1$$

Given

$$x^2 - y^2 = 0$$

x^2 = y^2

Note: x and y could be negative or positive. Squared value is equal , not their individual value.

A. clearly out. x=2 , y = -2. Squared value is equal.

B. Squared value has no difference with absolute value. both show the positive answer.

C. True. both x^2 and y^2 have equal value. at the very beginning we got it.

So, B and c are true in all aspects. Re: If x2 - y2 = 0 and xy 0, which of the following MUST be true   [#permalink] 23 Jul 2018, 03:12
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