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If x and y are positive integers less than 10, which

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If x and y are positive integers less than 10, which [#permalink] New post 28 May 2018, 05:33
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Question Stats:

60% (00:37) correct 40% (01:50) wrong based on 5 sessions
If x and y are positive integers less than 10, which of the following COULD be true?

i) √x + √y = √(x + y)
ii) y√x = x√y
iii) √x - √y = √(x - y)

A) i only
B) i and ii only
C) i and iii only
D) ii and iii only
E) i,ii and iii
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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1 KUDOS received
GRE Instructor
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Kudos [?]: 1059 [1] , given: 6

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Re: If x and y are positive integers less than 10, which [#permalink] New post 30 May 2018, 05:27
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GreenlightTestPrep wrote:
If x and y are positive integers less than 10, which of the following COULD be true?

i) √x + √y = √(x + y)
ii) y√x = x√y
iii) √x - √y = √(x - y)

A) i only
B) i and ii only
C) i and iii only
D) ii and iii only
E) i,ii and iii


When I scan the statements, I see that ii and iii look easier, so I'll start with those.

ii) y√x = x√y
We can quickly see that, if x = y, then this statement is TRUE.
For example, if x = 1 and y = 1, we get 1√1 = 1√1, which is true.
So, statement ii COULD be true.
Check the answer choices......ELIMINATE A and C

iii) √x - √y = √(x - y)
Once again, this statement is TRUE when x = y.
For example, if x = 1 and y = 1, we get √1 - √1 = √(1 - 1), which is true.
So, statement iii COULD be true.
Check the answer choices......ELIMINATE B

i) √x + √y = √(x + y)
This is a tough one.
I can't think of any values for x and y that make this statement true, so now what?
Well, we might just conclude that statement i cannot be true.
However, we can do a bit of algebra to further convince ourselves.

Given: √x + √y = √(x + y)
Square both sides to get: (√x + √y)² = [√(x + y)]²
Expand to get: x + 2√(xy) + y = x + y
Subtract x and y from both sides to get: 2√(xy) = 0
This means that xy = 0, but xy cannot equal 0 since we're told that x and y are POSITIVE integers.
So, statement i cannot be true.

Answer: D

Cheers,
Brent
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Re: If x and y are positive integers less than 10, which   [#permalink] 30 May 2018, 05:27
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