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#### Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here. # If x and y are integers greater than 3, and 15y – 11x = 8  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics
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GRE Instructor Joined: 10 Apr 2015
Posts: 2818
Followers: 106

Kudos [?]: 3128 , given: 54

If x and y are integers greater than 3, and 15y – 11x = 8 [#permalink]
Expert's post 00:00

Question Stats: 44% (03:27) correct 55% (03:21) wrong based on 18 sessions
If x and y are integers greater than 3, and 15y – 11x = 8, what is the least possible value of x+y?

A) 12
B) 16
C) 26
D) 30
E) 34
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

_________________

Brent Hanneson – Creator of greenlighttestprep.com  Manager Joined: 22 Aug 2019
Posts: 63
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 39  , given: 11

Re: If x and y are integers greater than 3, and 15y – 11x = 8 [#permalink]
1
KUDOS
GreenlightTestPrep wrote:
If x and y are integers greater than 3, and 15y – 11x = 8, what is the least possible value of x+y?

A) 12
B) 16
C) 26
D) 30
E) 34

y = (8 +11x)/15

since y is an integer we're looking for when 15 is a factor of 8 + 11x. It happens at 2 but this isn't larger than 3. To come up with some potential x's, I just examine the 1s digit and looks for when I can get either a 5 or a 0.

numerator(x) = 8+11x

Potentials = { 7, 12, 17, 22}
numerator(7) = 85 which is NOT divisible by 15.
numerator(12) = 140 which is NOT divisible by 15.
numerator(17) = 8 + 170 + 17 = 195 which IS divisible by 15

195/15 = 13

now 17 + 13 = 30.

D.
GRE Instructor Joined: 10 Apr 2015
Posts: 2818
Followers: 106

Kudos [?]: 3128 , given: 54

Re: If x and y are integers greater than 3, and 15y – 11x = 8 [#permalink]
Expert's post
GreenlightTestPrep wrote:
If x and y are integers greater than 3, and 15y – 11x = 8, what is the least possible value of x+y?

A) 12
B) 16
C) 26
D) 30
E) 34

Given: 15y – 11x = 8
Subtract 4y from both sides to get: 11y – 11x = 8 – 4y

ASIDE: Why did I subtract 4y from both sides?
This allows me to factor the expression 11y – 11x, which may help reveal some useful relationship.
Continuing along….

Factor both sides to get: 11(y – x) = 4(2 – y)

KEY CONCEPT: Since x and y are INTEGERS, we know that (y – x) is an INTEGER, which means 11(y – x) is a multiple of 11
From this, we can conclude that 4(2 – y) is a multiple of 11

What is the smallest value of y (given that y is an integer greater than 3) such that 4(2 – y) is a multiple of 11?

If y=13, then 4(2 – y) = 4(2 – 13) = 4(-11) = -44. Perfect!

So, y=13 is the smallest value of y to meet the given conditions.

To find the corresponding value of x, take 15y – 11x = 8 and plug in y=13 to get: 15(13) – 11x = 8
Simplify : 195 – 11x = 8
Subtract 195 from both sides: -11x = -187
Solve: x = 17
So, the LEAST possible value of x+y = 17 + 13 = 30

Cheers,
Brent
_________________

Brent Hanneson – Creator of greenlighttestprep.com  Re: If x and y are integers greater than 3, and 15y – 11x = 8   [#permalink] 11 Sep 2019, 13:57
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