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If f(x) = x2, which of the following is equal to f(m + n) +

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If f(x) = x2, which of the following is equal to f(m + n) + [#permalink] New post 30 Jul 2018, 09:40
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Question Stats:

77% (00:24) correct 22% (00:33) wrong based on 18 sessions
If \(f(x) = x^2\), which of the following is equal to \(f(m + n) + f(m - n)\)?

(A) \(m^2 + n^2\)
(B) \(m^2 - n^2\)
(C) \(2m^2 + 2n^2\)
(D) \(2m^2 - 2n^2\)
(E) \(m^2n^2\)
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: If f(x) = x2, which of the following is equal to f(m + n) + [#permalink] New post 11 Aug 2018, 13:39
It will save a lot of time for many problems if you keep in mind that (m+n)^2 = m^2+n^2+2mn and (m-n)^2 = m^2+n^2-2mn. Here it obviously gives you the answer:

f(m+n)+f(m-n)= m^2 + n^2 + 2mn + m^2 + n^2 - 2mn = 2m^2 + 2n^2

So C

But this also comes in handy when it comes to remembering the inequality:

m^2 + n^2 <= (m+n)^2
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Re: If f(x) = x2, which of the following is equal to f(m + n) + [#permalink] New post 12 Aug 2018, 06:06
Expert's post
Explanation

The problem provides the function \(f(x) = x^2\) and asks for the quantity \(f(m + n) + f(m - n)\).

Plug into this function twice—first, to insert m + n in place of x, and then to insert \(m - n\) in place of x:

\(f(m + n) = (m + n)^2 = m^2 + 2mn + n^2\)

\(f(m - n) = (m - n)2 = m^2 - 2mn + n^2\)

Now add the two:

\((m^2 + 2mn + n^2) + (m^2 - 2mn + n^2) = 2m^2 + 2n^2\)
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Re: If f(x) = x2, which of the following is equal to f(m + n) + [#permalink] New post 18 Nov 2018, 16:39
Romang67 wrote:
It will save a lot of time for many problems if you keep in mind that (m+n)^2 = m^2+n^2+2mn and (m-n)^2 = m^2+n^2-2mn. Here it obviously gives you the answer:

f(m+n)+f(m-n)= m^2 + n^2 + 2mn + m^2 + n^2 - 2mn = 2m^2 + 2n^2

So C

But this also comes in handy when it comes to remembering the inequality:

m^2 + n^2 <= (m+n)^2


Is it m^2 + n^2 <= (m+n)^2
or
m^2 + n^2 < (m+n)^2 (Without = sign).
GMAT Club Legend
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Joined: 07 Jun 2014
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Re: If f(x) = x2, which of the following is equal to f(m + n) + [#permalink] New post 19 Nov 2018, 13:26
Expert's post
AE wrote:

Is it m^2 + n^2 <= (m+n)^2
or
m^2 + n^2 < (m+n)^2 (Without = sign).



If m and n are positive or both strictly negative (i.e non 0). Then:

\(m^2 + n^2 < (m+n)^2\) because \((m+n)^2= m^2 + n^2 + 2mn\) now \(2mn\) is positive for m and n being positive.

For \(m=n=0\) they are equal.

If m and n have different signs then the inequality flips and \(m^2+n^2 > (m+n)^2\).
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Re: If f(x) = x2, which of the following is equal to f(m + n) +   [#permalink] 19 Nov 2018, 13:26
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If f(x) = x2, which of the following is equal to f(m + n) +

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