This problem is juicy. Essentially we must find the minimum for the quadratic equation. What's the minimum? As you know, a quadratic will produce a line with a single curve. The minimum is just the lowest point on the curve. This also, btw, implies that the curve is opening upwards since a downwards opening curve would go down to infinity. There are a ton of ways to approach this problem. Let's talk about the worst ways first.
Firstly, you may be tempted to just plug in 3 into the equation and see what happens. Here's what'll happen: you'll waste a decent amount of time multiplying some sloppy numbers by 3 and then get another number (it's 1) and then what? What does that mean? Is that the minimum? The only way to know is to plug in other numbers and see whether they produce a smaller value or not. This could be pretty timeconsuming.
You might also consider using the quadratic formula. Remember that one? It's simply (b ± √(b^24ac))/2a. So simple! That's sarcasm. Listen: you are never required to use the quadratic formula on the GRE. You can use it if you'd like, but it's timeconsuming and complicated, two things we're against.
However, if you do have the roots, then we can get the value of x that would get us the minimum. After all, quadratic graphs are always symmetrical, so the minimum or maximum will always fall exactly halfway between the two roots!
If you don't want to deal with the quadratic formula, you can factor out the quadratic. When there's a multiplier on the squared variable, this isn't that easy. However, what if we divided the whole thing by 4? Would that work? Basically, yes. The equation would be a different equation, but it would be the exact same shaped, just vertically scrunched by a factor of 4. The key point though is that it would have the same two roots. Once we have those, we can figure out what value of x is between them and we're home free.
So if we divide the whole thing by 4 let's write it this way: x^2 + (14/2)x + 49/4. Now we can factor as we usually do: what times what makes 49/4 but added makes 28/4? Seems tough but there's a clue in the fact that 49/4 is a perfect square. So let's try its square root, which is 7/2. So 7/2 + 7/2 does indeed make 14/2, and 7/2 squared makes 49/4. That means that the scrunched version of the function, factored, is (x + 7/2)(x + 7/2). So it's only got one root, which is 7/2, or 3.5. When a quadratic only has one root, that's because it's only touching the xaxis once, which means that point is it's minimum or maximum. Thus, the minimum of this equation must occur when x = 3.5, so the answer is B. Whew!
EPILOGUE:
Honestly, the easiest way to solve this is to just take the derivative of the equation and then set it equal to zero. This would give you 8x + 28 = 0 so x = 3.5. But of course calculus is never required on the GRE. If you already know it, great. But you certainly don't need to learn calculus just for the GRE. Not an efficient use of your time.
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