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During the Great Depression of the 1930s, the prevailing aes

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During the Great Depression of the 1930s, the prevailing aes [#permalink] New post 01 Mar 2017, 02:23
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During the Great Depression of the 1930s, the prevailing aesthetic views among artists in the United States were shaped by the harsh economic realities of the period, when millions of Americans found themselves unemployed or dispossessed. Not surprisingly, most artists of this period chose to work in socially oriented styles. However, while the Regionalists—led by Thomas Hart Benton, Grant Wood, and John Steuart Curry—embraced a rightist, isolationist ideology, recoiling from the present and seeking to recapture in their paintings America's agrarian past, the Social Realists—among them William Gropper and Ben Shahn—depicted the condition of workers engaged in a class struggle. Both groups built upon earlier traditions in American painting that now assumed a new urgency.
Consider each of the choices separately and select all that apply.


According to the passage, which of the following was true of both the Regionalists and the Social Realists during the 1930s?
❑ They sought to recapture a less troubled period in America's history.
❑ They developed artistic traditions that were already in existence.
❑ Their paintings were deeply affected by the economic hardships of the period.

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
B and C


It can be inferred from the passage that the Regionalists and the Social Realists differed in which of the following ways?

A) The Regionalists were primarily concerned with depicting actual events in history, while the Social Realists were primarily concerned with portraying an idealized future.
B) The Regionalists were primarily concerned with the economic ramifications of the Depression, while the Social Realists were primarily concerned with its social ramifications.
C) The Regionalists lacked a sense of urgency, while the Social Realists pressed for change.
D) The Regionalists tended to romanticize the past, while the Social Realists depicted the past in harsh terms.
E) The political outlook of the Regionalists tended to be more conservative than that of the Social Realists.

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
E


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Moderator
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Joined: 18 Apr 2015
Posts: 4898
Followers: 74

Kudos [?]: 976 [0], given: 4495

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Re: During the Great Depression of the 1930s, the prevailing aes [#permalink] New post 10 Mar 2017, 01:54
Expert's post
Explanation

1) The artists depicted their works taking inspiration from the economic situation at the time and at the same time the last sentence of the passage suggests us that they also took inspiration from earliest tradition of the American painting. B and C win.

2)
Quote:
However, while the Regionalists........embraced a rightist, isolationist ideology, ..........the Social Realists........depicted the condition of workers engaged in a class struggle.

From this extract of the passage and the red part the Regionalists were more conservative. The other choices are out of scope or not cited in the passage.
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Re: During the Great Depression of the 1930s, the prevailing aes   [#permalink] 10 Mar 2017, 01:54
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During the Great Depression of the 1930s, the prevailing aes

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