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All languages that have exactly six basic color terms descri

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All languages that have exactly six basic color terms descri [#permalink] New post 18 Jul 2018, 08:40
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All languages that have exactly six basic color terms describe the same six colors—black, white, red, green, blue, and yellow—corresponding to the primary neural responses revealed in studies of human color perception. In addition, all languages that have only three basic color terms distinguish among black, white, and red. This evidence shows that the way in which the mind recognizes differences among colored objects is not influenced by culture.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument above?

(A) While languages differ in their number of basic color terms, no language has been conclusively determined to have more than 11 such terms.
(B) Every language contains mechanisms by which speakers who perceive subtle differences in hue can describe those differences.
(C) Among cultures employing only three color terms, the word red typically encompasses not only objects that would be called red in English but also those that would be called yellow.
(D) Several languages, such as Vietnamese and Pashto, use a single term to mean both blue and green, but speakers of such languages commonly refer to tree leaves or the sky to resolve ambiguous utterances.
(E) In a study of native speakers of Tarahumara, a language that does not distinguish between blue and green, respondents were less able to identify distinctions among blue and green chips than native speakers of Spanish, which does distinguish between blue and green.

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[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: All languages that have exactly six basic color terms descri [#permalink] New post 23 Jul 2018, 06:04
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Carcass wrote:
All languages that have exactly six basic color terms describe the same six colors—black, white, red, green, blue, and yellow—corresponding to the primary neural responses revealed in studies of human color perception. In addition, all languages that have only three basic color terms distinguish among black, white, and red. This evidence shows that the way in which the mind recognizes differences among colored objects is not influenced by culture.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument above?

(A) While languages differ in their number of basic color terms, no language has been conclusively determined to have more than 11 such terms.
(B) Every language contains mechanisms by which speakers who perceive subtle differences in hue can describe those differences.
(C) Among cultures employing only three color terms, the word red typically encompasses not only objects that would be called red in English but also those that would be called yellow.
(D) Several languages, such as Vietnamese and Pashto, use a single term to mean both blue and green, but speakers of such languages commonly refer to tree leaves or the sky to resolve ambiguous utterances.
(E) In a study of native speakers of Tarahumara, a language that does not distinguish between blue and green, respondents were less able to identify distinctions among blue and green chips than native speakers of Spanish, which does distinguish between blue and green.

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I took 5 mins...not sure why...

Here the conclusion is about the evidence that mentions about color recognition is not based on the culture, what if we show that culture does play an important role in determining the color.

Option E says that Tarahumara ( as per their language ) can't distinguish but Spaniards can..this shows that there is some clear language influence to make the difference at least.

Official solution plz..

Last edited by msk0657 on 23 Jul 2018, 12:13, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: All languages that have exactly six basic color terms descri [#permalink] New post 23 Jul 2018, 08:56
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Not sure about your assumption in the second sentence.

However, even when I do not catch completely the argument, I focus on the conclusion per se of the argument itself. Here we do have that the distinguishment of the colors NOT depends on the culture we could have.

E says that the culture IS a key element in this process.

Click E on the real test and move on.

Ask if you need further assistance

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Re: All languages that have exactly six basic color terms descri [#permalink] New post 20 Aug 2018, 17:00
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In option c we can find the cutural influence on colors.. then y not C
Re: All languages that have exactly six basic color terms descri   [#permalink] 20 Aug 2018, 17:00
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