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Retired Moderator Joined: 07 Jun 2014
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GRE 1: Q167 V156 WE: Business Development (Energy and Utilities)
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A test is scored out of 100 and the scores are divided into [#permalink]
Expert's post 00:00

Question Stats: 46% (01:00) correct 53% (01:21) wrong based on 47 sessions
A test is scored out of 100 and the scores are divided into five quintile groups. Students are not told their scores, but only their quintile group.

 Quantity A Quantity B The scores of two students in the bottom quintile group, chosen at random and added together. The score of a student in the top quintile group, chosen at random.

A) Quantity A is greater.
B) Quantity B is greater.
C) The two quantities are equal.
D) The relationship cannot be determined from the information given.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

_________________

Sandy
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Re: A test is scored out of 100 and the scores are divided into [#permalink] Retired Moderator Joined: 07 Jun 2014
Posts: 4803
GRE 1: Q167 V156 WE: Business Development (Energy and Utilities)
Followers: 173

Kudos [?]: 2977  , given: 394

Re: A test is scored out of 100 and the scores are divided into [#permalink]
2
KUDOS
Expert's post
Explanation

Since the average is 7, use the average formula to find the sum of the scores in the class:
Average = Sum ÷ (# of terms)
7 = Sum ÷ 20

Sum = 140

At least one student got every possible score. There are eleven possible scores: 0 + 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 6 + 7 + 8 + 9 + 10. This is an evenly spaced set, so calculate the sum by multiplying the average of the set by the number of terms in the set. The average is (10 + 0)/2 = 5 and the number of terms is 11, so the sum of the set is 5 × 11 = 55. Subtract this from the earlier sum; the remaining 9 students had to score 140 – 55 = 85 points.

Quantity A is asks for the lowest score that could have been received by more than one student. If 9 students scored a total of 85 points, and any one student could not score more than 10 points, then what is the lowest possible score that one of these 9 students could have received? In order to
minimize that number, maximize the numbers for the other students. If 8 students scored 10 points each, for a total of 80 points, then the 9th student must have scored exactly 5. Quantity A must be greater than Quantity B. Notice that the average score of 7 forces a lot of the scores to be 10 in order
to to balance out the very low scores of 0, 1, 2, etc., that are required in the class (at least one of each). The lowest score that could have been received by 2 students is 5, so Quantity A is 5.
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Sandy
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Intern Joined: 15 Sep 2018
Posts: 23
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Kudos [?]: 7 , given: 2

Re: A test is scored out of 100 and the scores are divided into [#permalink]
sandy wrote:
Explanation

Since the average is 7, use the average formula to find the sum of the scores in the class:
Average = Sum ÷ (# of terms)
7 = Sum ÷ 20

Sum = 140

At least one student got every possible score. There are eleven possible scores: 0 + 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 6 + 7 + 8 + 9 + 10. This is an evenly spaced set, so calculate the sum by multiplying the average of the set by the number of terms in the set. The average is (10 + 0)/2 = 5 and the number of terms is 11, so the sum of the set is 5 × 11 = 55. Subtract this from the earlier sum; the remaining 9 students had to score 140 – 55 = 85 points.

Quantity A is asks for the lowest score that could have been received by more than one student. If 9 students scored a total of 85 points, and any one student could not score more than 10 points, then what is the lowest possible score that one of these 9 students could have received? In order to
minimize that number, maximize the numbers for the other students. If 8 students scored 10 points each, for a total of 80 points, then the 9th student must have scored exactly 5. Quantity A must be greater than Quantity B. Notice that the average score of 7 forces a lot of the scores to be 10 in order
to to balance out the very low scores of 0, 1, 2, etc., that are required in the class (at least one of each). The lowest score that could have been received by 2 students is 5, so Quantity A is 5.

Where did you obtain average = 7? Has the original question been changed? This reply does not seem to relate to the original post in any way. We are told no averages in the original post and it only refers to quintiles. The answer is listed as D. Founder  Joined: 18 Apr 2015
Posts: 13720
GRE 1: Q160 V160 Followers: 305

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Re: A test is scored out of 100 and the scores are divided into [#permalink]
5
KUDOS
Expert's post
Quintiles (“fifths” of the data) define relative scores, not absolute scores. Imagine two possible score distributions:

For instance: The class’s scores are 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 (20% of the class scored each of these). In this case, adding up two lowest quintile students would be 1 + 1 = 2, which is less than 5.

For instance: The class’s scores are 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 (20% of the class scored each of these — still not so sharp!). In this case, adding up two lowest quintile students would be 10 + 10 = 20, which is greater than 14.

Thus, you cannot determine which quantity is larger.

Regards
_________________

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Posts: 23
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Kudos [?]: 7  , given: 2

Re: A test is scored out of 100 and the scores are divided into [#permalink]
1
KUDOS
Carcass wrote:
Quintiles (“fifths” of the data) define relative scores, not absolute scores. Imagine two possible score distributions:

For instance: The class’s scores are 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 (20% of the class scored each of these). In this case, adding up two lowest quintile students would be 1 + 1 = 2, which is less than 5.

For instance: The class’s scores are 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 (20% of the class scored each of these — still not so sharp!). In this case, adding up two lowest quintile students would be 10 + 10 = 20, which is greater than 14.

Thus, you cannot determine which quantity is larger.

Regards

Thank you.
Senior Manager Joined: 17 Aug 2019
Posts: 274
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Re: A test is scored out of 100 and the scores are divided into [#permalink]
Carcass wrote:
Quintiles (“fifths” of the data) define relative scores, not absolute scores. Imagine two possible score distributions:

For instance: The class’s scores are 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 (20% of the class scored each of these). In this case, adding up two lowest quintile students would be 1 + 1 = 2, which is less than 5.

For instance: The class’s scores are 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 (20% of the class scored each of these — still not so sharp!). In this case, adding up two lowest quintile students would be 10 + 10 = 20, which is greater than 14.

Thus, you cannot determine which quantity is larger.

Regards

What does that mean " define relative scores, not absolute scores"? Re: A test is scored out of 100 and the scores are divided into   [#permalink] 08 Oct 2020, 02:55
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