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# A tall tree can transport a hundred gallons of water a day f

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A tall tree can transport a hundred gallons of water a day f [#permalink]  01 Feb 2017, 02:36
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Question Stats:

74% (01:53) correct 24% (01:03) wrong based on 28 sessions

A tall tree can transport a hundred gallons of water a day from its roots deep underground to the treetop. Is this movement propelled by pulling the water from above or pushing it from below? The pull mechanism has long been favored by most scientists. First proposed in the late 1800's, the theory relies on a property of water not commonly associated with fluids: its tensile strength. Instead of making a clean break, water evaporating from treetops tugs on the remaining water molecules, with that tug extending from molecule to molecule all the way down to the roots. The tree itself does not actually push or pull; all the energy for lifting water comes from the sun's evaporative power.
Consider each of the choices separately and select all that apply.

Which of the following statements is supported by the passage?

A) The pull theory is not universally accepted by scientists.
B) The pull theory depends on one of water's physical properties.
C) The pull theory originated earlier than did the push theory.

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
A and B

The passage provides information on each of the following EXCEPT?

A.when the pull theory originated
B.the amount of water a tall tree can transport
C.the significance of water’s tensile strength in the pull theory
D.the role of the sun in the pull theory
E.the mechanism underlying water’s tensile strength

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
E

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Re: A tall tree can transport a hundred gallons of water a day f [#permalink]  01 Feb 2017, 02:42
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Explanation

Quote:
A tall tree can transport a hundred gallons of water a day from its roots deep underground to the treetop. Is this movement propelled by pulling the water from above or pushing it from below? The pull mechanism has long been favored by most scientists. First proposed in the late 1800's, the theory relies on a property of water not commonly associated with fluids

The two red parts support A asnd B in the first OA

Quote:
its tensile strength. Instead of making

This clearly indicate the mechanism how it unfolds or works but not the undepinning why is so, from a scientific standing point.E is not supported by the passage
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Re: A tall tree can transport a hundred gallons of water a day f [#permalink]  01 Jul 2017, 07:53
I think the second answer does contain a fallacy, because the passage only states when the pull theory proposed without stressing the time of its origination. Precisely, the pull theory can be originated in 1700s but, it can be firstly proposed in 1800s.
The word propose defines as
"put forward (an idea or plan) for consideration or discussion by others."
Although, the word originate defines as "come into existence; take on form or shape."

Following my justifications, the answer A can be also considered a right answer.
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Re: A tall tree can transport a hundred gallons of water a day f [#permalink]  03 Jul 2017, 01:19
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The argument clearly state the the theory was "first proposed " in the late 1800, which means without shadow of the doubt that the theory came into the picture around that period.

From an academic standing point, when a theory is proposed means that is formed. As such, it comes to exist.

In this case, it exists since the late 1800. Therefore, A is wrong.

Notice that this question comes from the official software. So, the probabilty that a question is wrong is very small if not inexistence.

Hope this helps
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Re: A tall tree can transport a hundred gallons of water a day f [#permalink]  14 Oct 2018, 05:56
1.A,B
2.E
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Re: A tall tree can transport a hundred gallons of water a day f [#permalink]  25 Mar 2019, 07:06
Can anyone please explain, Universally is 100% (absolute) or just equal to Majority ?
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Re: A tall tree can transport a hundred gallons of water a day f [#permalink]  25 Mar 2019, 08:13
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Second option.

Universally NOT accepted means that < 100% take the theory but > 50 %. I.e. the majority takes it, and the minority does not.

I hope this helps.

Regards
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Re: A tall tree can transport a hundred gallons of water a day f [#permalink]  02 Apr 2019, 08:34
Carcass wrote:
Second option.

Universally NOT accepted means that < 100% take the theory but > 50 %. I.e. the majority takes it, and the minority does not.

I hope this helps.

Regards

Hey @carcass , I thought it would be comprehended in this way, if is not universally accepted by scientist ==> it is universally denied by scientists (not accepted = denied) ==> most of the scientists denied it.
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Re: A tall tree can transport a hundred gallons of water a day f [#permalink]  02 Apr 2019, 10:36
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Universally accepted does not mean that who NOT accept the theory dismisses it.

Simply view in it some flaw and possible improvement, for instance.
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Re: A tall tree can transport a hundred gallons of water a day f [#permalink]  30 May 2019, 21:01
But it's not mentioned in the passage that tensile strength is one of the physical properties so how how can Q1B. be the right answer?
Re: A tall tree can transport a hundred gallons of water a day f   [#permalink] 30 May 2019, 21:01
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