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#### Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here. # A box at a yard sale contains 3 different china dinner sets,  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics
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A box at a yard sale contains 3 different china dinner sets, [#permalink]
Expert's post 00:00

Question Stats: 80% (01:16) correct 20% (02:36) wrong based on 5 sessions
A box at a yard sale contains 3 different china dinner sets, each consisting of 5 plates. A customer will randomly select 2 plates to check for defects. What is the probability that the 2 plates selected will be from the same dinner set?

A. $$\frac{2}{7}$$

B. $$\frac{2}{5}$$

C. $$\frac{2}{3}$$

D. $$\frac{5}{6}$$

E. $$\frac{3}{2}$$
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

_________________ Manager Joined: 25 Nov 2017
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Re: A box at a yard sale contains 3 different china dinner sets, [#permalink]
1
KUDOS
So here we have diffents plates. In total 15.
A customer has to choose 2 among the 15 plates.
15C2 = 15 * 14 / 2* 1 = 105 possibilities.
5C2 = 5*4/2*1 = 10
Since we have three different sets multiply this by 3.
30/105 = 0,28.... so choice A

Anyone has another quicker method?
Moderator  Joined: 18 Apr 2015
Posts: 5877
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Kudos [?]: 1154 , given: 5471

Re: A box at a yard sale contains 3 different china dinner sets, [#permalink]
Expert's post
No, there is not.

Regards
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Re: A box at a yard sale contains 3 different china dinner sets, [#permalink]
Expert's post
Popo wrote:
So here we have diffents plates. In total 15.
A customer has to choose 2 among the 15 plates.
15C2 = 15 * 14 / 2* 1 = 105 possibilities.
5C2 = 5*4/2*1 = 10
Since we have three different sets multiply this by 3.
30/105 = 0,28.... so choice A

Anyone has another quicker method?

I have one quicker way

the probability of selecting any plate is 1, the probability of selecting a matching plate after that is 4/14
so 1*4/14= 4/14= 2/7
Manager  Joined: 01 Nov 2018
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Re: A box at a yard sale contains 3 different china dinner sets, [#permalink]
Expert's post
I have two methods for this.

the longer way is:
total number of combinations is 15c2
the total number of ways to select 5 plates is 5c2
the total number of ways to select 3 different sets is 3c2

then
(5c2*3c2)/15c2 = 10*3/105= 30/105= 2/7

the shorter way is..

the probability of selecting any plate is 1
the probability of selecting a matching plate out of the 14 other plates is 4/14
1*4/14=2/7
the answer is A
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Re: A box at a yard sale contains 3 different china dinner sets, [#permalink]
Expert's post
Carcass wrote:
A box at a yard sale contains 3 different china dinner sets, each consisting of 5 plates. A customer will randomly select 2 plates to check for defects. What is the probability that the 2 plates selected will be from the same dinner set?

A. $$\frac{2}{7}$$

B. $$\frac{2}{5}$$

C. $$\frac{2}{3}$$

D. $$\frac{5}{6}$$

E. $$\frac{3}{2}$$

Another way..
Any of the 15 can be picked up in the first go. so P = $$\frac{15}{15}=1$$
Next can be any of the remaining 10 to ensure they are from different sets so P = $$\frac{10}{14}$$
Over all prob = $$1*\frac{10}{14}=\frac{5}{7}$$

Thus required probability = 1- \frac{5}{7}=\frac{2}{7}[/m]
_________________

Some useful Theory.
1. Arithmetic and Geometric progressions : https://greprepclub.com/forum/progressions-arithmetic-geometric-and-harmonic-11574.html#p27048
2. Effect of Arithmetic Operations on fraction : https://greprepclub.com/forum/effects-of-arithmetic-operations-on-fractions-11573.html?sid=d570445335a783891cd4d48a17db9825
3. Remainders : https://greprepclub.com/forum/remainders-what-you-should-know-11524.html
4. Number properties : https://greprepclub.com/forum/number-property-all-you-require-11518.html
5. Absolute Modulus and Inequalities : https://greprepclub.com/forum/absolute-modulus-a-better-understanding-11281.html Intern Joined: 26 Dec 2018
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Re: A box at a yard sale contains 3 different china dinner sets, [#permalink]
1
KUDOS
Carcass wrote:
A box at a yard sale contains 3 different china dinner sets, each consisting of 5 plates. A customer will randomly select 2 plates to check for defects. What is the probability that the 2 plates selected will be from the same dinner set?

A. $$\frac{2}{7}$$

B. $$\frac{2}{5}$$

C. $$\frac{2}{3}$$

D. $$\frac{5}{6}$$

E. $$\frac{3}{2}$$

Solution:

Selecting 2 plates from all the plates ( 3 different sets and each having 5 plates = 3x5 = 15) => 15c2 = (15x14)/2 = 15 x 7

Selecting 2 plates from same set = Selecting 1 set from 3 sets (3c1) and Selected 2 plates from the set selected (5c2).

i.e; 3c1 x 5c2 = 30

Probability = (3c1 x 5c2) / 15c2
= 30/ (15 x 7)
= 2/7 Re: A box at a yard sale contains 3 different china dinner sets,   [#permalink] 06 Jan 2019, 10:34
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