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A bag contains 6 red chips numbered 1 through 6, respectivel

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A bag contains 6 red chips numbered 1 through 6, respectivel [#permalink] New post 05 Aug 2018, 14:28
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Question Stats:

71% (01:24) correct 28% (00:51) wrong based on 14 sessions
A bag contains 6 red chips numbered 1 through 6, respectively, and 6 blue chips numbered 1 through 6, respectively. If 2 chips are to be picked sequentially from the bag of 12 chips, without replacement, what is the probability of picking a red chip and then a blue chip with the same number?

Give your answer as a fraction.

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
\(\frac{1}{22}\)

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Retired Moderator
User avatar
Joined: 07 Jun 2014
Posts: 4803
GRE 1: Q167 V156
WE: Business Development (Energy and Utilities)
Followers: 171

Kudos [?]: 2914 [0], given: 394

Re: A bag contains 6 red chips numbered 1 through 6, respectivel [#permalink] New post 07 Aug 2018, 16:46
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Explanation

The trap answer in this problem is \(\frac{1}{6}\times \frac{1}{6}\).

This is not the answer to the question being asked—rather, this is the answer to the question, “What is the probability of picking a red chip and then a blue chip that both have #3?” (or any other specific number). This is a more specific question than the one actually asked. In the question, asked, there are six possible ways to fulfill the requirements of the problem, not one, because the problem does not specify whether the number should be 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6.

Thus, any of the 6 red chips is acceptable for the first pick. However, on the second pick, only the blue chip with the same number as the red one that was just picked is acceptable (the chip must “match” the first one picked). Thus:

\(\frac{6}{12}\times \frac{1}{11}=\frac{1}{22}\).
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Re: A bag contains 6 red chips numbered 1 through 6, respectivel [#permalink] New post 14 Jul 2019, 21:44
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I did it this way:
P( Red)*P(any number from 1 to 6)*P( Blue chip, given that one is already drawn and not replaced)*p( finding the number which appeared on the red chip).
(1/2)*(1)(6/11)(1/6)=1/22
Re: A bag contains 6 red chips numbered 1 through 6, respectivel   [#permalink] 14 Jul 2019, 21:44
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A bag contains 6 red chips numbered 1 through 6, respectivel

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