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A 10-student class is to choose a president, vice president,

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GMAT Club Legend
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Joined: 07 Jun 2014
Posts: 4722
GRE 1: Q167 V156
WE: Business Development (Energy and Utilities)
Followers: 91

Kudos [?]: 1630 [0], given: 390

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A 10-student class is to choose a president, vice president, [#permalink] New post 05 Aug 2018, 14:24
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Question Stats:

100% (00:11) correct 0% (00:00) wrong based on 3 sessions
A 10-student class is to choose a president, vice president, and secretary from the group. If no person can occupy more than one post, in how many ways can this be accomplished?

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
720

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Sandy
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GMAT Club Legend
GMAT Club Legend
User avatar
Joined: 07 Jun 2014
Posts: 4722
GRE 1: Q167 V156
WE: Business Development (Energy and Utilities)
Followers: 91

Kudos [?]: 1630 [0], given: 390

CAT Tests
Re: A 10-student class is to choose a president, vice president, [#permalink] New post 07 Aug 2018, 06:08
Expert's post
Explanation

One possible approach is to ask, “How many choices do I have for each of the class positions?” Begin by considering the president of the class. Since no one has been chosen yet, there
are 10 students from whom to choose. Then, for the vice president there are 9 options because now one student has already been chosen as president. Similarly, there are 8 choices for the secretary.

Using the fundamental counting principle, the total number of possible selections is (10)(9)(8) = 720.

Alternatively, use factorials. In this case, order matters because people are selected for specific positions. This problem is synonymous to asking, “How many different ways can you line up 3 students as first, second, and third from a class of 10?” The number of ways to arrange the entire class in line is 10!. However, the problem is only concerned with the first 3 students in line, so exclude rearrangements of the last 7.

The way in which these “non-chosen” 7 students can be ordered is 7!. Thus, the total number of arrangements for 3 students from a class of 10 is \(\frac{10!}{7!}= (10)(9)(8) =\) 720 choices.
_________________

Sandy
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Re: A 10-student class is to choose a president, vice president,   [#permalink] 07 Aug 2018, 06:08
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A 10-student class is to choose a president, vice president,

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