The narratives that vanquished peoples have created of their defeat have, according to Schivelbusch, fallen into several identifiable types. In one of these, the vanquished manage to construe
the victor’s triumph as the result of some spurious advantage, the victors being truly inferior where it counts. Often the winners collude in
this interpretation, worrying about the cultural or moral costs of their triumph and so giving some credence to the losers’ story.
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