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The condition of scholarship devoted to the history

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Director
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The condition of scholarship devoted to the history [#permalink] New post 15 Feb 2016, 23:36
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The condition of scholarship devoted to the history of women in photography is confounding. Recent years have witnessed the posthumous inflation of the role of the
hobby ist Alice Austen into that of a pioneering documentarian while dozens of notable senior figures — Marion Palfi, whose photographs of civil-rights activities in the South served as early evidence of the need for protective legislation, to name one — received scant attention from scholars. And, while Naomi Rosenblum’s synoptic History of Women Photographers covers the subject through 1920 in a generally useful fashion, once she reaches the 1920s, when the venues, forms, applications, and movements of the medium expanded exponentially, she resorts to an increasingly terse listing of un - familiar names, with approaches and careers summarized in a sentence or two.
18. The author of the passage cites Rosenblum’s book most likely in order to
A suggest that the works documented most thoroughly by historians of women in photography often do not warrant that attention
B offer an explanation for the observation that not all aspects of the history of women in photography have received the same level of attention
C provide an example of a way in which scholarship on the history of women in photography has been unsatisfactory
D suggest that employing a strictly chronological approach when studying the history of women in photography may be unproductive
E provide support for the notion that certain personalities in women’s photography have attained undue prominence

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
C


19. Which of the following statements about Marion Palfi is supported by the
passage?
A. Marion Palfi’s photographs would have received greater recognition from historians had her work been done in an era when most aspects of photography were static rather than in a state of transition.
B. Alice Austen has achieved greater notoriety than has Marion Palfi primarily because the subjects that Austen photographed were more familiar to her contemporaries.
C. In addition to providing a record of certain historical events, Marion Palfi’s photographs played a role in subsequent events.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
C



20. In the context in which it appears, “inflation” most nearly means
A. exaggeration
B. acquisition
C. evaluation
D. distortion
E. attenuation


[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
A



Practice Test Questions
Question: 18-20
Page: 315-316

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Director
Director
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Joined: 16 May 2014
Posts: 599
GRE 1: 326 Q165 V161
Followers: 63

Kudos [?]: 249 [0], given: 64

Re: The condition of scholarship devoted to the history [#permalink] New post 15 Feb 2016, 23:39
Expert's post

Explanation


18. As mentioned above, the topic of the passage is the unsatisfactory condition of scholarship devoted to the history of women in photography. Since Rosenblum’s book is
clearly presented as an example of this unsatisfactory scholarship, Choice C is the correct answer. Choice D may seem appealing, because a strictly chronological approach
might be inadequate to represent the explosive growth of the field in the 1920s. However, the sentence does not develop this idea, and this is not the reason for mentioning
Rosenblum.

19.Choice C is correct.
Choice A is incorrect: the passage does not state whether the period in which Palfi was working was an era when photography was static or in transition. Choice B is incorrect: the passage does not state the nature of the subjects Austen photographed, nor compare their relative familiarity to those photographed by Palfi. Choice C is correct: Palfi’s photographs played a role in subsequent events because they served as early evidence of the need for protective legislation.

20. The term “hobbyist” suggests Austen’s relative lack of seriousness as a photographer when compared with “senior figures,” yet her role has been elevated to that of a “pioneering documentarian” at the expense of these other figures. Choice D may be appealing in that this elevation could be considered a form of distortion, but Choice A is more
specific as well as more in line with the dictionary definition of “inflated” as “expanded to an abnormal or unjustifiable volume or level.” Thus, Choice A, “exaggeration,” is the
correct answer.
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Manager
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Re: The condition of scholarship devoted to the history [#permalink] New post 14 Jun 2016, 01:27
received scant attention from scholars ==============Marion Palfi

Why not B?
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Manager
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Re: The condition of scholarship devoted to the history [#permalink] New post 17 Jun 2016, 19:58
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GRE wrote:
received scant attention from scholars ==============Marion Palfi

Why not B?


I guess you are alluding to question 2.

Answer B is wrong because there was never a mention of comparison between the subjects of Alice Austen and Marion Palfi anywhere in the passage.
Re: The condition of scholarship devoted to the history   [#permalink] 17 Jun 2016, 19:58
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