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OG_VPR # 9/10 Despite hypotheses ranging from armed conflict

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OG_VPR # 9/10 Despite hypotheses ranging from armed conflict [#permalink] New post 10 Oct 2016, 02:34
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Despite hypotheses ranging from armed conflict to climate change, the abandonment of more than 600 Pueblo cliff dwellings in Mesa Verde by A.D. 1300 still puzzles archaeologists. Researchers analyzing refuse from one Pueblo community found remains of maize—a Pueblo crop—in 44 percent of samples from years when the community flourished, but in only 10 percent of samples from years near the time of depopulation, while the remains of wild plants increased significantly.

Bones found in the samples showed that the consumption of domesticated turkeys—which were fed maize—decreased from 55 to 14 percent, while there was a
marked increase in wild-animal bones. These data suggest that near the end of the site’s occupation, villagers experienced substantial food shortages and adopted hunting-and-gathering strategies to compensate for crop failure.
According to the passage, which of the following is likely true regarding the consumption of wild plants in the Pueblo community investigated by researchers?

A) It decreased dramatically as the settlement began to decline.
B) It significantly affected the food supply of wild animals living nearby.
C) It increased as domesticated sources of food declined.
D) It represented a continuation of centuries-old traditions.
E) It fell markedly as the consumption of wild animals increased.

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
C


The research described in the passage most clearly supports which of the following claims about the abandonment of Mesa Verde?

A) It likely resulted from factors affecting crop viability.
B) It was more extensive than had previously been documented.
C) It may have been hastened by the abundance of wild animals in the area.
D) It has been misdated by previous archaeological research.
E) It happened more rapidly in certain Pueblo communities than in others.

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
A



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Question: 9/10
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Moderator
Moderator
User avatar
Joined: 18 Apr 2015
Posts: 1812
Followers: 26

Kudos [?]: 245 [0], given: 1059

Re: OG_VPR # 9/10 Despite hypotheses ranging from armed conflict [#permalink] New post 10 Oct 2016, 02:36
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Explanation

9) The passage presents four developments that accompanied the decline of one Pueblo community: consumption of maize and domesticated turkeys fell, while that of wild plants and wild animals increased. This summary shows that answer Choices A and E are incorrect, since both refer to a drop in the consumption of wild plants. Since the passage says nothing about whether the consumption of wild plants affected nearby wildlife nor about whether it was a long-standing tradition, Choices B and D are incorrect. Choice C is correct, however: consumption of wild plants rose as that of maize and domesticated turkeys fell.

10) The research strongly suggests that when the Pueblo community was flourishing, maize and maize-fed turkey formed a substantial part of the inhabitants’ diet, but that just before the abandonment of Mesa Verde, maize had become a much scarcer commodity. This decline in what had been a dietary mainstay supports the claim that the villagers were experiencing difficulty growing crops. Thus Choice A is correct. Nothing in the passage suggests that the extent or date of the abandonment should be revised (Choices B and D), nor that the rate of the abandonment was affected by wild animals or varied from one community to another (Choices C and E).
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Re: OG_VPR # 9/10 Despite hypotheses ranging from armed conflict   [#permalink] 10 Oct 2016, 02:36
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OG_VPR # 9/10 Despite hypotheses ranging from armed conflict

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